Author Topic: Maandukya Upanisad and Bhagavan Ramana Maharshi  (Read 2702 times)


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Maandukya Upanisad and Bhagavan Ramana Maharshi
« on: June 29, 2008, 12:50:06 PM »
Maandukya Upanisad which comes in Atharvana Veda, comprises
only 12 verses. Gaudapada, guru of Sankara's guru, has written
a verse commentary on this, and it runs to 215 slokas, and is called,
Gaudapada Karika.   It speaks of Ajata Vada, "the theory of no creation-no cessation-no liberation". Many devotees of Bhagavan ascribe Him to ajata vada.  The Upanisad speaks of 'vichara' as the only sure way to merge in Self.  Sankara has written a commentary to the Upanisad and also to the Karika.  Perhaps no other Upanisad has given rise to so much
controversy as Maandukya Upanisad.  Dr. S. Radhakrishnan has said
that the philosophy of Gaudapada and Sankara are different from each
other and this point has been discussed in "Talks" No. 383 and 399. Day Day, entry  of 21.11.1945 (Night) also mentions about a discussion on
this.  Prof. Das Gupta, who wrote elaborately on Indian Philosphy said
that Gaudapada was a Buddhist and he borrowed the ideas from
Nagarjuna Karika and Lankavatara Sutra!  The Upanisad and Karika,
discusses the three states of waking, dream and deep sleep (each one
is given a symbolic Sanskrit name) and the state of 'turiya' or 'turiyateeta', the fourth.  Advaita Ashrama (of Sri Ramakrishna Math), Kolkata has brought a beautiful English translation of MU and Karika
by Swami Nikhilanada. The fourth chapter of Karika, tells about
'alata shanti', that is, quenching of the firebrand.  If one takes a firebrand and rotates it, one sees the 'circle of light' around it.  If the
firebrand is quenched, the circle also disappears.  Thus, all the world
is the 'circle' made out by the firebrand, that is, mind.  If the mind is
killed, the world also no longer appears.    Arunachala Siva.             


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Re: Maandukya Upanisad and Bhagavan Ramana Maharshi
« Reply #1 on: June 30, 2008, 12:22:47 AM »
How true... All mind's play.......