Author Topic: Tat Tvam Asi - 6  (Read 913 times)

Subramanian.R

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Tat Tvam Asi - 6
« on: May 09, 2009, 01:52:57 PM »
The experience is one.  The three states are mere superimpositions.
When the Self becomes conditoined by the limiting adjuncts, it is
given different names.  The truth is that there is only one Self.
The Self, which is beyond all distinctions, and experiences, is
called the Fourth.  In the Maandukya Upanishad, the Fourth is
described as:

"That which is not conscious of the internal world, nor conscious of
the external world, nor conscious of both the worlds, nor a mass of conscioussness, nor conscious, not unconscious.  Which is unseen,
beyond empirical dealings, beyond the grasp [of organs of action],
uninferable, unthinkable, indescribable, whose valid proof consists
in the single belief in the Self.  In which all phenomena cease.  And
which is unchanging auspicious and non-dual.  That is the Self and
That is is to be intuited."  Verse 7.

[The same verse is rendred by Swami Nikhilananda in the publication of SRK Math, Madras, as:  ' Turiya is not that which is conscious of the internal (subjective) world, nor that which is conscious of the external (objective) world, nor that which is conscious of both, nor that which is a mass of all sentiency, nor that which is simple consciousness, nor that which is insentient, (It is) unseen (by any
other organ), nor related to anything, incomprehensible (by the mind), uninferable, unthinkable, indescribable, essentially of the nature of Consciousness constituting the Self alone, negation of all phenomena, the Peaceful, all Bliss and the Non-dual,  This is what is known as the fourth, Turiya.  This is the Atman and it has to be realized.  The Sanskrit original of the Upanishad reads:

"Nanta-prajnam, na bahis-prajnam, na ubhyatah-prajnam, na
prajnanaghanam, na-prajnam, na-aparajnam, adrshtam, avyavaharyam, agrahyam, alakshanam, achintyam, ayapadesyam,
eka-atma-pratyaya-saram, prapanchopasamam, santam, sivam,
advaitam, chaturtham, Sah-atma, sah-vijneyah." ].
   
Paul Loke adds here in foot note:

Intuitive knowledge is something discussed by the Western philosopher, Spinoza. He calls this 'scentia intuitive'.  Central to this
kind of knowing, according to Spinoza, is the 'immediate union with the thing itself.'    This is similar to the concept of liberation in Advaita where the aspirant becomes one with Brahman i.e. knowledge as Brahman.

According to Sankara, in his commentary on the above text, 'nor
conscious of the internal world' means elimination of the dream state.
This is followed by the elimination of the waking state, ['nor conscious of the external world'] and the state between dream and waking ['nor conscious of the both the worlds'].  This state of deep sleep is also denied in the expression 'nor a mass of consciousness'.  Awareness
of all objects are ruled out in the Fourth too.
 
(Source:  As indicated in Part I)

Arunachala Siva.