Author Topic: Paduturai - Tattuvaraya - Mountain Path Aradhana 2012.  (Read 1640 times)

Subramanian.R

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Paduturai - Tattuvaraya - Mountain Path Aradhana 2012.
« on: April 19, 2013, 06:00:47 PM »
This is an extract from Paduturai (Reposing on the shore of Peace), a work that includes Tattuvaraya's teachings, praise of his
Guru Sorupananda, and many expressions of his own enlightened state. The translations are by Robert Butler, Dr. T.V. Venkata-
subramanian and David Godman. 

Paduturai - NenjiRku Amaivurai [Advice to the heart on being still)

1.  Heart of mine!  Hunger will be appeased even if one consumes unsalted, watery gruel.  Thirst can be quenched by drinking
water from wells, tanks, and rivers.  Supporting yourself in this way, be satisfied and be still.  Even if you  get up and rush around
[looking for food], will the rewards be different or better than what is ordained for you?

2. Heart of mine!  Even if the whole land is full of sumptuous food, consisting of rich curry, seasoned with many condiments, milk,
ghee, fruits and rice -- if your prarabdha does not permit you to eat them, either through illness or for other reasons, will it not
speedily annul all those enjoyments for you?

3. Heart of mine!  The six delicious flavors exist only in the tip of the tongue. It extent is two finer breadths and no more. When
you were not able to cross slowly this two finger breadth, you will still go forth and cross the tumultuous ocean.

Note: 'When you are not able to cross slowly' means 'when you are not able to transcend or go beyond'.  It is a common image
in Tamizh poetry that food is only attractive and appealing when it is in contact with this narrow zone on the tongue.  Once it has
been swallowed, processed by the body, and ejected either as vomit or excrement, it no longer holds any attraction.


4.  Heart of mine!  Greatly desiring a well tuned out  appearance, you suffer a great deal, running around to earn wealth for
that purpose. Even if you get it, though, don't you realize the trouble that will arise from washermen, rats, the need to find a safe
place where they will not get stolen, and other such matters?

5.  When cold weather comes there already exist ragged clothing, white ashes, mountain caves and many desolate temples [for
shelter and warmth]. And in the sweltering heat of summer, even a loin cloth is a burden.  This alone is the function of clothes.

Notes: Sadhus use wood ash to keep themselves warm in winter,

6. Heart of mine! Be yourself and remain still. By running about thinking about your food, and then being disappointed at not
getting it, you have brought a lot of trouble upon yourself.  People of the lowest kind will tire their legs for the sake of appeasing
burning hunger.  But will not those who are wise, remain settled in stillness?

7.  Mind of mine!  Instead of remaining satisfied with what you get, wherever you get it, thinking it sufficient, you get up, not
giving yourself the time to blink, and run around.  Realize that this is the seed of a poverty that can be eradicated.  It is also
the veiling [that will appear in or cause] the next birth.

8. A cow will seek out the apparent (lushness of the ) greenery on the opposing river bank, [preferring it] to the one that it is on,
and do this repeatedly.  My heart, in much the same way, your reward for this kind of activity is only running about, wandering
around and getting distressed.

9. The hallmark  of  greatness is to stand firm where one is, and face up to whatever comes one's way, is it not?  Wretched and
foolish heart, even if you go to the doors of those who are sweet like nectar, they will not extend their hospitality.  Know that
this is the nature of things. See if it is not.

10.  Those who have understood the world have truly declared through their understanding, that for the wise the body is an
affliction.  Even if you renounce all of the possessions you own, and are associated with, having love for unreal body, my heart,
is getting deluded again.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.     

 
       

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paduturai - Tattuvaraya - Mountain Path Aradhana 2012.
« Reply #1 on: April 20, 2013, 09:36:07 AM »

continues......

11. When we examine the conviction of the wise -- that what is, cannot be, and that what is, cannot fail to be --- what need
is there for this agitation, my heart?  All happens as it is ordained to happen.  (The wise) recognize the things that are
destined for them.

12.  When in this life the embodied Jiva is perceived without error, then all will be as it has been ordained.  This being so, my
heart, why do you run every which way, traversing forests and oceans, suffering for the sake of your body?  Tell me.

13.  If you wish to know the means for remaining at peace, my heart, seek out the company of those great Self-realized ones 
who have tasted the sugarcane of Jnana, which engenders forbearance, and  [remaining] at their feet, carry out their commands
in a single minded manner.

14. Even if you stand with your head on the ground and your feet in the air, nothing will happen that is not destined to happen.
The best course, my heart, is to remain still, and be relaxed, viewing what comes to pass exactly as it is, without dashing
about and tormenting yourself.

15. When there is good present in the virtuous, do not go to their presence and pay attention to the negative things [you see] there.
My heart, do everything as per the commands of the Guru and eschew evil ways.  The way of truth is not other than this.
Henceforth keep to it!

16.  Mind of mine! It is not good for you to be distressed, imagining praise, or abuse [towards yourself] in the words [of others].
Realizing that these are just sounds coming from the windpipe through the medium of air, do not attach any great value [to them].


contd.,

Arunachala Siva.     

     

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paduturai - Tattuvaraya - Mountain Path Aradhana 2012.
« Reply #2 on: April 21, 2013, 09:50:11 AM »

continues......

Paduturai 29 - continues.....

17.  Those who lovingly praise the defective, unclean, fleshy body that generates filth through all its nine orifices, and which
is therefore malodorous, are actually looked upon as abusers by those who are on the path to realization.  Those who revile
them [those on the path] are regarded as friends.

18.  Heart of mine!  You neither feel love nor hatred for the effects arising from insentient causes such as air, water, disease
and many, many more.  Therefore, regard the sentient causes also in the same way.

19.  Do not exhibit friendship or animosity towards anyone.  Taking the view that there is something to be learned from every
situation, stand firm, taking care not to act contrary to the words of virtuous people of mature understanding.  This is the path
for you.

20.  Contenting yourself with what you have, be not disheartened even over great calamities.  Do not indulge in malicious talk
about what is good, and what is evil.  Furthermore, do not speak idle words.  My heart, seeing the perfect behavior of the
virtuous, conduct yourself without forgetting it.

21.  Until the body, which is like an unreal dream or a mirage, comes to its end, adorn yourself with the holy feet of the Guru,
holding on rightly with a melting heart.  Without letting go, remain there singing his praises, my heart, in order that you may
never be born again.

22.  Melting through dwelling over and over again on the nature of the Guru who subjected you to his rule, entreating him
intensely more and more for true love, adorn yourself solely with his feet and be still, my heart, constantly sipping the rare
ambrosia of peace.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.     

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paduturai - Tattuvaraya - Mountain Path Aradhana 2012.
« Reply #3 on: April 22, 2013, 09:14:33 AM »

Continues....

Paduturai 33:  Arudi Uraittal   [Definitive Declaration].

1. If this samsara does not end before giving up this body, we will again and again come, be born as a baby, suffer and die.
See !

2.  If you do not realize your true nature so that you can put an end to the evil of birth and death, this swinging on the golden
swing, going back and forth, will not cease, ever !  See!

3. If you do not extricate yourself from birth and death with full awareness by realizing your true nature, ignorance will
catch hold of you in this world, and the next and torment you.  See!

4. If you do not realize your true nature, as it really is, giving up the idea that your body is your [true] form, the powerful birth
will not end for you, even if  [Lord Siva] appears before you with deer and battle axe.  See!

5. If, in this birth, you do not realize the truth of yourself and thereby become free of all future births, you will die, repeatedly
assume a body and stand with baby anklets on your feet again and again.  See!

6. If you do not subside and abide as the Self, knowing that consciousness is your form, thereby freeing yourself from all
suffering, Maya will plunder you, turn you into a body and make you dance as a leather marionette.  See!

7. If you do not recognize your Self, without saying 'We will know it later', the devil of desire will unbalance you and trample
you down.  See!

8. Do not suffer extreme misery by placing your head under binding sankalpas.  If you wear the feet of our Lord [the Guru],
on your head,  then you can abide [as the Self], saying, 'What does it matter where the sun rises!'  See!

9.  If without seeking the feet of the Guru, placing them on your head, and realizing your true nature, you take the body as
'I', hosts of relatives will gather and place fire on your head [on the day of your cremation].  See!

10.  Those who do not accept this definitive declaration of truth, will be like the beast and the devil.  They will, alas, never
cross the ocean of birth. I swear to this, never!

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.
             

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paduturai - Tattuvaraya - Mountain Path Aradhana 2012.
« Reply #4 on: April 23, 2013, 09:33:38 AM »
Paduturai - Part  II: 

(From Advent 2012, Mountain Path):

Paduturai 58:  Sivaprakasa  Kuravai.

When Manikkavachagar composed Tiruvachakam more than a thousand years ago, he used the motifs of children's games
and women's pastimes to express the journey that the jiva must make towards union with Siva.  Tattuvaraya adopted this
literary form in many of the sections of Paduturai.  However, in the four examples given here, the theme is not longing for
union with the divine but a celebration of the definitive final state, that is attained once the union has been consummated.

(Something similar to Acho Padigam of Tiruvachakam)

The 'Sivaprakasa' in the title is the Guru of Sorupananda. Kuravai is the name of a dance, performed in a circle.  It is  also
a shrill celebratory shout exclaimed by women on auspicious or festival occasions:

1. Singing the nature of those feet that,
though for beyond the Vedas' reach,
came easily to wretched me,
raise the cry called kuravai.

That all the world may know the greatness of the grace
with which the Supreme Lord made me his,
raise the cry called kuravai.

Singing of how he bestowed his glance of grace,
so that in a trice births which grasp and cling were rooted out,
raise the cry called kuravai.

Saying, 'All thought has perished,
learning has been destroyed.
Jnana itself became my eye,'
raise the cry called kuravai.

2. Singing of the richness through which,
with a single matchless word,
he revealed the whole (truth),
raise the cry called kuravai.

Singing of how in an instant
he wiped out the bonds of births
that endure for aeons of time,
raise the cry called kuravai.

Singing the nature whereby a unique clarity,
impossible to describe
suffused my mind with sweetness and remained there,
raise the cry called kuravai.

Singing of the perfect nature whereby he seeking came,
thinking us poor wretches to be worthy,
and bent us to his rule,
raise the cry called kuravai.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva. 
         

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paduturai - Tattuvaraya - Mountain Path Aradhana 2012.
« Reply #5 on: April 24, 2013, 11:17:19 AM »

continues.....

3. Singing of the radiant feet that consumed
even that consciousness
which is the light that swallowed up the seven worlds
raise the cry called kuravai.

Singing of the enduring state of him who is the deathless reality,
which has become form, formless,
and neither with or without form,
raise the cry called kuravai.

Singing the goodly worth whereby he transformed my mind,
which trembled like the moon reflected in water,
into Sivam, his own nature,
raise the cry called kuravai.

Singing of how his Jnana utterances and a smile,
abolished the [so called] wisdom of wretched me,
raise the cry called kuravai.

Paduturai 59:  Sivaprakasa Swamigal Kunalai.

Kunalai is either a dance accompanied by shouting or a warrior's shout of valor or defiance.

1. Proclaiming how the reality that the Vedas speak of
came in human form, cry kunalai.   

Telling how he placed upon my head his feet,
which even Vishnu in delusion, [could not find], cry kunalai.

Telling how my mind, which heaved like the thundering ocean,
in an eye's blink was destroyed, cry kunalai.

Proclaiming how impossible it is to see [the mind]
except as the form of consciousness, cry kunalai.

2. Telling how the path we walk twixt birth and death
       was blocked,
and grass grew thereupon, cry kunalai.

Telling how, even while existing with this body
we dwelt in the state of liberation, cry kunalai.

Proclaiming, 'We shall not forget the might of Liberal One
who granted us his grace, cry kunalai.

 3. Proclaiming, 'Even if we recite a crore of srutis,
[bliss] will not be revealed,' cry kunalai.

Proclaiming, 'We have seen with our own eyes the reality
that cannot be conceived by mind,' cry kunalai.

Proclaiming, 'Seeing his fair and compassionate feet,
we have beheld a vision of delight', cry kunalai.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.           

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paduturai - Tattuvaraya - Mountain Path Aradhana 2012.
« Reply #6 on: April 25, 2013, 09:57:46 AM »


continues.....

4. Proclaiming, 'We have freed ourselves from
    the agitating net of the scriptures
    that come to us in the form of words, cry kunalai.

    Proclaiming, 'We have experienced delight
    in the blissful ocean of the Self
    impossible to describe,' cry kunalai.

    Proclaiming, 'We have forgotten the mind that values
    the filth ridden body', cry kunalai.

    Proclaiming, 'We value the understanding which comes
    when [such a] mind is abolished', cry kunalai.


5.  Proclaiming, 'The flood of endless bliss abounds
     everywhere about us,' cry kunalai.

     Proclaiming, 'The idea of 'all' will not occur   
     even through forgetfullness', cry kunalai.

     Ever asserting his* skill in saying
     'Remain still and see', cry kunalai.

     (*Sorupananda's)

     Continuously praising the one who granted
     that we should thus love and prosper, cry kunalai.

Paduturai 60.  Pakati

     Pakati is a masquerade dance or a dance performed around a pole. 
     The 'he' mentioned in all verses in Sorupananda.

1. Saying, 'He is the destroyer of the sins that, never leaving,
    accompany us from age to age,'
     dance pakati

    Saying, 'He is the great mountain of compassion,
    who has raised his banner,
    vowing to bring me under his rule by revealing his feet',
    dance pakati.

    Saying, 'He is the Skillful One, who through his glance,
    contrived that I should perish, becoming his own Self,'
    dance pakati.

     Saying, 'He is the hero, who despite pervading them,
     is not touched by the whole that consists of bodies,
     worlds and jivas, all combined,'
     dance pakati.

continued.....

Arunachala Siva.                     

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paduturai - Tattuvaraya - Mountain Path Aradhana 2012.
« Reply #7 on: April 26, 2013, 09:48:13 AM »

continues......

2. Saying, 'He is the Wise One, who slew religious rituals
    that rise in ten crores ways,'  dance pakati.

   Saying, 'He is the one who, for the four Vedas
   and the Three (Trimurtis],
   was impossible to reach,
   though they worshipped him with heads bowed low,'
   dance pakati.

   Saying, 'He is the One
   who came and subjected me forcibly to rule
   as I lived in deceit with arrogant pride as my support',
   dance pakati.

   Saying, 'He bestowed upon me his own nature,
   which no word can describe,
   as clearly as the gem in my palm,'
   dance pakati.


3. Saying, 'Beautifully did he transmute the sorrow
    that arises as the knower and the things known,'
    dance pakati.

    Saying, 'Having revealed that that the things
    that are known exist in [objectified] consciousness,
    he annihilated that consciousness in the knower,'
    dance pakati.

    Saying, 'He gazed upon me so that the entities known as the senses,
    assumed to be different, were all abolished,'
    dance pakati.

     Saying, 'We have become incomparable light,
     that all-embracing fullness that knows no divisions,'
     dance pakati.

Paduturai - concluded.

Arunachala Siva.