Author Topic: Paramamrita by Mukundaraj  (Read 3599 times)

Subramanian.R

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Paramamrita by Mukundaraj
« on: March 27, 2013, 07:12:24 PM »


(Mukundaraj  was a Sanskrit scholar, a Sage, endowed with miraculous powers, a follower of Sri Sankara's philosophy of
Advaita. he belongs to Natha Pantha and spiritual preceptor of prince Jayantpal. His Guru was Harinath. He has the honor
of being a Marathi poet to simplify the Vedanta of Self Knowledge. (c. 1128-1200).

Mukundaraj's famous work is Paramamrita, Essence of the Eternal Elixir.

*

Paramamirta:

I shall now tell you how to be able to acquire that basic secret wisdom, without understanding which there cannot be anything
gained, in which one must keep one's mind concentrated, that wisdom in which the Yogi is constantly immersed.

I shall clearly convey to you the very essence of this wisdom like the elixir churned out of the ocean, or butter from milk so that
you may give up the various spiritual practices, that are based on mere concepts, and which are, therefore, only an exercise in
futility so long as here has not been a clear understanding of the significance of the awesome pronouncements of the Great Sayings
of the Upanishads - maha vakyas.

Who can understand  the extent of the seeker's misery so long as he has not clearly understood and experienced the true
nature of the Absolute?  Those poor souls who have accepted the shackles of physical penances and mental disciplines have
in reality entangled themselves in doubts and indecision. How can they ever hope to cross the ocean of worldly life?  Worship,
pilgrimages, charities, sacrifices and mantra and tantra practices can only provide time bound results. Prayers and penances cannot
bring about liberation unless there is Self Knowledge.

Pure Wisdom - Reality -- cannot shine forth until the basic unity and multiplicity and the non dual Absolute is clearly assimilated,
and there is an unblemished understanding of the nature of illusion (Maya) which is the cause of the apparent differences between
the two. How can there be any question of liberation, so long as the identification with the body as a separate entity or doer is not
destroyed. through a proper comprehension  of the terms 'Thou' and 'That' in the maha vakya 'That Thou art'?

How can there be liberation unless there has been (a) instruction on Vedanta from the lips of the Guru, (b) meditation on the Guru's
words, and (c) total absorption in the Guru's teachings?

Rules of conduct laid down by the Sastras are only meant for a smoother working of the social structure. The seeker should seek
instruction from the Guru regarding the essence of Vedanta, whereby one would realize that the state of liberation, which is
prior to thought and word.  And when, in that state of liberation, there is union of the individual (Jiva) and the Lord (Siva) the state
of duality disappears.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.                 
       

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paramamrita by Mukundaraj
« Reply #1 on: March 28, 2013, 01:54:11 PM »


continues....

When the Absolute with the help of its primordial energy externalizes Itself, as the multi faceted manifestation, the aspects
of creation, sustention, and dissolution of the manifested universe happen in Consciousness.  Whatever has form and shape
and is, therefore, perceptible to the senses, is to be rejected, as being really Real, and that which is unseen and remains as the
witness is to be recognized as the Reality.  Know That to be the Reality, which is prior to the arising of Consciousness, which is
termed the all knowing all controlling Absolute.

That Reality is the witness of everything. It cannot be measured by any criterion, it has no specific place of abidance, it is all
pervading, limitless, unknowable. That Reality is what remains when everything that is illusory is rejected. It is Itself Pure
Wisdom, pure Bliss, self evident. That Reality is all by itself, the original fullness of possibility, the Plenum, prior to witnessing
of all that is created, maintained, and dissolved.

contd.,

Arunchala Siva.         

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paramamrita by Mukundaraj
« Reply #2 on: March 29, 2013, 10:38:23 AM »

continues....

The Absolute Reality is totally apart from all aspects of manifestation: Brahma, the creator, Vishnu, the maintainer of the universe,
and Rudra, the destroyer, and the Primeval Power (Sakti).  It is pure Brahman.  It is only in this perspective, that Reality is to be
apprehended -- it will not be comprehensible by any other means and practices based on ignorance and duality.

The superficial meaning of the term Tvam (Thou) is conveyed by that which is governed by Maya. The true meaning of the term
Tat (That) is pure non dual Brahman, which cannot be experienced except after due discrimination.  A clear conscious perception
of the trued meaning of That is indeed liberation itself. The same sight in both eyes, the same sound in both ears, and the same
word on both lips --- similarly, when one sees the same meaning in both Tat and Tvam, Brahman is attained, which is beyond
duality.   Just as the difference between the space in a pot and the space in a house disappears, when both are broken, so also
the duality disappears when both terms are withdrawn.  The apparent difference  between the two is only because of the illusion
of Maya.  As soon as the false is seen as false, only Reality remains.

The wisdom of the Self is Advaita, that is non duality, but it is obviously to be acquired in apparent duality so that the duality
disappears in due course when one remains firmly in that wisdom. Instead of looking ahead as one usually does, one must back     
and seek the Source in order to realize one's true Being.,

'Looking back' is to be interpreted in the sense that the eye can see the objects in front but it cannot see itself. If one wants to see
one's eyes, it can be seen  only by the mind, the mind can be seen only through the intellect, and it is Consciousness that can
witness the intellect.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.
 

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paramamrita by Mukundaraj
« Reply #3 on: March 30, 2013, 09:51:32 AM »

continues.....

What one sees from this transformed perspective is nothing tangible but all an all pervading Oneness, where there is absence
of Maya and non-wisdom -- something immeasurable which one can know only by experiencing it.  That wisdom of the Absolute
is self evident, like a solid mass of profound Bliss, the realization of which brings the end of conceptualizing.

I shall tell you how to acquire that wisdom by which you shall have perpetual peace, and contentment. But one must first find our
precisely who or what it is that is doing the seeking.  The only thing you know as a matter of certainty is the fact I AM, I exist.
But you do not know who this 'I' is.  My friend, why have you forgotten your Self?  Who are you, and where have you come 
from? Indeed, have you really gone anywhere or come from anywhere?  You have never even thought of considering this matter
on these lines.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.             

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paramamrita by Mukundaraj
« Reply #4 on: March 31, 2013, 10:52:54 AM »


continues.....


Are you the body, or is it you who have the body?  You are the subject and the body is your object.  It is you who have the
knowledge of the body and indeed that you wear this body like a garment.  Although you have acquired this body as a covering
made of five elements, you have identified yourself with it and you strut about as an individual.  Be clearly aware that this body
is an object and that you are quite apart from it, and thus give up this mistaken identity with the body. 

You are aware of the constitution of your body, that a) the hair, skin, veins, flesh, and bones (the solid part of the body) represent
the earth; b) saliva, urine, blood, marrow, and semen (the five fluid materials) represent water; c) hunger, thirst, laziness, sleep
and sex represent fire; d) moving, running, resisting, relaxing, and contracting (the five kinds of activity represent air; and e) desire,
anger, grief, greed, and fear (the five qualities) represent space.

The physical body, with these twenty five parts, qualities and activities has six natural changes; it is conceived, born, grows, matures,
becomes old, and finally dies. You know the color and form of this body, and the name it has been given.  How than can you
identify your Being, with the body that is something other than  you?  You, as Being - Consciousness -- are formless, whereas
you can see the form of the body.  In the waking state, it is Consciousness that acts through the body and has various experiences
through the senses.  The feeling that you have a particular name and form belongs to the mind, and you, as the knower of the body
and the mind are apart from both.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.           

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paramamrita by Mukundaraj
« Reply #5 on: April 01, 2013, 11:30:18 AM »

continues....

Although you are apparently seen as the manifestation of the internal organ (antahkarana) -- the mind, intellect, discrimination,
and ego --- nevertheless you exist prior to the manifestation of these five constituents of the subtle body.  It is Consciousness
that is thee first -- spontaneous, Self effulgent.  The one who is aware of the rising passions and emotions is the mind, and it
is the intellect which discriminates and decides.  That which purposefully concentrates on the decisions of the intellect is the
operational center.  And the one who accepts the doership of actions is the ego. It is you who are aware of this five fold analysis
of the internal organ because you the Self awareness or Witness or Atman.

The thread is made out of cotton though it is different in appearance. Similarly the mind, intellect, discrimination and ego may appear
to be different but all arise from the same Source -- Being, Consciousness, Reality.

The breeze is the cause of the ripples on the water, and the twist in the cotton is the cause of the thread. Similarly Maya is the
cause of the appearance of the subtle body.  When the cause is removed, both the ripples and the thread disappear. Similarly,
with the arising of Self wisdom and the removal of ignorance,  Maya becomes exposed and disappears. When the ripples and the water,
or the thread and the cotton, unite -- the duality disappears.  Similarly, when the mind merges into Consciousness, the sense
of duality disappears.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.   
   
       

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paramamrita by Mukundaraj
« Reply #6 on: April 02, 2013, 10:45:08 AM »

continues.....

The mental or psychological structure of a person is the subtle body and the relevant condition is the dream state, that is
based on desire.  Mind works through the senses, and such desires that remain dormant in the mind manifest themselves
in the dream state as objects and desires that have been experienced earlier. The manifestation of the dream world occurs
because of the very spark of Consciousness that illuminates the internal organ, just as the heat that heats a metal in sunlight
is the quality of the sun.   It is this Consciousness that has made manifestation possible.  If Consciousness were to disappear,
there would be no manifestation to perceive, and you would be in your original state of the fullness of the Potential, the
Absolute.  If you are able to reject as illusion without any substance all that you see and experience in your Consciousness,
then you will be immersed in what remains as Reality.  Consciousness will remain merged within Itself. without movement.

The shadow shows the shape, form, and parts of the original body but is really without substance; similarly, the one who says,
'I do not know' is an illusion. There is the prior one who knows or witnesses the other one who says, 'I do not know.'   The fact
of not-knowing was known to ignorance but to wisdom.  That wisdom to which the non-knowing was known is Atman. Make no
mistake about it.  Even if one believes that one does not have Self Knowledge, this very fact could not have been known in the
absence of knowledge. I know that I do not know. Therefore, ignorance as such is an illusion.  If you know that you do not know
why do you unnecessarily involve yourself in the concept of ignorance?  The ignorance is itself the causal body of which the physical
body and the subtle body are the instruments.

continued....

Arunachala Siva.               
   

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paramamrita by Mukundaraj
« Reply #7 on: April 03, 2013, 11:27:37 AM »

continues.....

Listen now to the symptoms and the quality of deep sleep. Various concepts based on the events in the waking state,
arise in the mind and reflects themselves in the dream state.  But when Consciousness, which is the substratum for
both the waking state and the dream state, suspends its operation, then comes the state of deep sleep -- total non-
knowledge.  This non-knowledge is true knowledge because it is the absence of both knowledge and ignorance, which 
are both inter related opposites.  When Consciousness re-emerges into movement, the deep sleep state forgets its true
nature and again identifies itself with the individual entity and accepts the world as real.  When however, ignorance gets
discarded, Reality shines just as gold remains in its purity when the impurities are destroyed in the fire. After ignorance has
been destroyed, and Self Knowledge has come about, that which sees the physical, the subtle, and causal bodies as a
witness, is the supra causal body -- this is the turiya state.  When through Self knowledge the working bodies and causal body
are demolished, the supra causal body itself cannot itself survive.  When the effect is destroyed, the cause cannot survive.

That changeless state wherein one is aware of one's Self-existence in Parabrhaman,  is Liberation, Reality.  Meditation along
these lines results gradually into firm conviction, and then one experiences the hollowness of the world.  When both knowledge
and non knowledge disappear, then will dawn that Knowledge which is the Reality.  One must recede into the Source whence
springs all knowledge.  That source is Reality, the immeasurable Potential, the Absolute into which Consciousness ultimately
merges itself.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.         

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paramamrita by Mukundaraj
« Reply #8 on: April 04, 2013, 10:58:55 AM »

continues....

That Reality which is Self effulgent cannot have a seer to see it as an object.  Reality, therefore, cannot be a void.  It is
neither Consciousness in movement nor manifestation nor ignorance but the fullness of pure wisdom, the limitless
possibility, beyond comprehension.  You are that Reality, the Absolute, the fullness of possibility that has gobbled up even
the concept of the Void, that Self Effulgent Source of everything.  It is this Reality that you should understand yourself to be.
Independent, pure, the witnessing principle whose clear image it is impossible to visualize. 

You are that Reality, where all that is illusory has been absorbed, where the duality of a 'Thou' cannot survive.  And so the
terms 'That' and 'Thou' have become superfluous.

First convince yourself about your own true nature, as has been expounded so far, and then adopt the regular practice as follows:

Find a quiet spot, sit quietly, calm and relaxed. 

Check the outward flow of thoughts.

With an attitude of renunciation towards all that is manifest, the mind should be turned inwards, away from the sense objects,
to the core of the Heart. 

Then give up gradually your identification first with the gross physical body and then with the subtle body and the causal body,
and let your mind be one with space.

Release your attention, smoothly and effortlessly, from the gross senses and let it merge with Consciousness.

continued.....

Arunachala Siva.
             

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paramamrita by Mukundaraj
« Reply #9 on: April 05, 2013, 10:14:07 AM »

continues......

Whenever one's attention strays, it should be again brought back into the vacant mind smoothly and gradually, so that
with patience the period of concentration becomes longer and longer. Whatever object the mind becomes attracted to,
let your discrimination reject it as illusory and worthless. It is only in this manner, that the mind will soon give up its flights
of fancy and remain in quietude.

Until the mind naturally remains in Consciousness, persistent but gentle persuasion is necessary to make it drop whatever it
tends to get involved in, and return to its Source.  As you keep watching your mind and discover yourself as the witness, nothing
else can appear on the screen of your Consciousness: two things cannot occupy your mind at the same moment.

When you understand that anything with a shape and form is, by its very nature, a hollow shell without substance, and that
what is real is formless -- the light of Consciousness -- you will be immersed in the depth of Reality.  When the mind gets absorbed
in Consciousness, all objects disappear from the mind.

Do not put yourself in the position of the person who suddenly wakes up in the deepest dark of the night and thinks he has become
blind.  Do not get yourself enveloped in the darkness of ignorance, see all manifest phenomena as an illusion, and remain
peacefully in Reality.  Dive within and find out where thoughts arise.  Seek the source of all thought --- it is this Source, Consciousness,
which must seek and acquire Self Knowledge: it can only happen.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.           
     

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paramamrita by Mukundaraj
« Reply #10 on: April 06, 2013, 11:27:43 AM »

continues.....

Imagine for a moment that everything that is now manifest, including one's own body, has suddenly disappeared.  Where
precisely is it that the resulting nothingness would be registered?  All that remains is I-Consciousness: inside and outside,
there is nothing other than nothingness of the Void, which is fullness of Being.  That on which Consciousness has arisen must
surely be prior to Consciousness. Understand  beyond any doubt that it is this Source of Consciousness that you are in Reality.
It is in Consciousness that everything appears including your sentience  -- the 'I am' sense of presence and the internal organ
consisting of mind, intellect, discrimination and ego.  Once this fact is clearly apprehended nothing can remain other than the Self.

Whenever you think, it is the mind that does the thinking; when the 'me' is involved in the thinking, it is the ego; when  you
are quiet, the very quietude is in Consciousness itself. Consider this:  if you could have remained absolutely quiet, would any
mnemonical recollection have ever sprouted?  Would there have been any wish, any desire?  If you could have remained absorbed
in the Consciousness would you have been troubled by thoughts?  Would there have been any cause then to identify yourself with
the body as a separate individual?  Therefore, my friend, that wherein all ignorance disappears is a totally different dimension.  If there
were not something called pure knowledge, the Totality of all possibilities, where would the ego have arisen?  This pure and
perfect knowledge  -- neither knowledge nor non knowledge -- is not aware of itself. It becomes a witness only when a movement in
Consciousness presents some manifestation to witness.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.                     

Subramanian.R

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Re: Paramamrita by Mukundaraj
« Reply #11 on: April 07, 2013, 11:15:07 AM »

continues.....

Giving up your identification with the body, if would remain quietly absorbed in the sense of the Totality  -- in the 'I AM' --
without attachment, you will know all that is to be known.  When you thus remain immersed in Consciousness, the personal,
identified consciousness, having lost the power of maya, will itself take you to its Source, which is what you ARE - Reality.
In that state, there is no duality of any kind, all inter related opposites have been naturally superimposed into nothingness.
All there is, is pure knowledge, pure Being, pure Subjectivity.  One cannot hold it, one cannot drop it, one cannot say it is,
one cannot say it is not.  Indeed, it cannot be something to be felt to BE and to remain in it.

Hold on to the sense of I AM to the exclusion of everything else. The mind being thus silent, will shine a new light and vibrate in
the Totality.  When you keep I AM feeling in the focus of awareness and watch yourself endlessly -- where there is continuous
witnessing of all movements in Consciousness -- the conscious and the unconscious will for a time play the game of hide and seek
until finally the two become one and the one becomes the Totality.  The individual then merges in the witness, the witness in pure\
Being, --- who is there then to take a measure of that ecstasy?

concluded.

Arunachala Siva.         

cefnbrithdir

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Re: Paramamrita by Mukundaraj
« Reply #12 on: April 13, 2013, 07:28:16 PM »

Dear Subramanian Sir

Thank you so much for highlighting how good this is.

Do you know if there is an English translation of the whole work ?


Subramanian.R

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Re: Paramamrita by Mukundaraj
« Reply #13 on: April 13, 2013, 07:39:22 PM »

Dear cefnbrithdir,

This is actually an English translation taken from Jayanti issue of Mountain Path, 2013.

Arunachala Siva.   

cefnbrithdir

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Re: Paramamrita by Mukundaraj
« Reply #14 on: April 13, 2013, 10:50:12 PM »

Dear Subramanian Sir

Indeed. But I understand Mukundaraj's work had  14 Chapters with 303 verses. Maybe this is all of it or its essence.