द्वा सुपर्णा सयुजा सखाया समानं वृक्षंपरिषस्वजाते ।
तयोरन्यः पिप्पलं स्वाद्वत्त्य नश्नन्नन्योऽभिचाकशीति ॥१॥
ऋग्वेद म.1| सू.164| म.20||
dhvA suparNA sayujA sakhAyA samAnam vRukShampariShasvajAthE .
thayOranyah pippalam svAdvakthya nashnannanyOaBhicAkashIthi ..1..
RugvEda Mandala 1, sUkthA 164, manthrA 20
This beautiful verse, occurring in the Rg Veda, enunciates the Eternal Triad - jivAthman, Paramatma and Prakriti -
Two birds (सुपर्णा), eternal friends (सखाया) , inseparable (सयुजा), perched together on a Tree. The first one enjoys the fruit borne by the tree, while the other merely observes in silence."
The one that enjoys the fruit is jivAtman, the individual soul, while the one that observes is paramAthman. They both, inseparable friends that they are, are perched on the Peepal Tree, which represents prakRuthi. The one that performs Action is the individual soul, the jivAthman. Having acted, it enjoys the fruits of the Act. paramAthman merely watches. paramAthman neither performs Action nor enjoys subsequently the fruits of the Act.
This verse brings out the relation between the three components of the Eternal Triad. Atman and Paramatman are joined together in a relationship of eternal friendship as allegorically stated in the phrase - सयुजा सखाया. While the former performs actions and enjoys the fruit of his actions, the later merely enjoys in being the Silent Witness to the Acts of Atman. Atman interacts with prakRuthi whereas paramAthman remains aloof, merely observing.
Athman is passive observer, untouched, unaffected. shudDha prajnyA