Author Topic: Part 5 - Ashtavakra Gita translated by John Richards  (Read 7999 times)


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Re: Part 5 - Ashtavakra Gita translated by John Richards
« Reply #30 on: October 20, 2010, 11:00:00 AM »

Verse 85 of Chapter XVIII of Ashtavakra Gita says:

Contentment ever dwells in the heart of the wise one who lives
on whatever happens to come to him, and who wanders about at
pleasure, resting wherever he is when the sun sets.

A Brahma Jnani is, inter alia, nitya trupta.  He is ever contented.
Because, he dwells in the Heart, Atma.

Bhagavan Ramana says in Verse 94 of Sri Arunachala Akshara Mana Maalai, describes this graphically:

You asked me, did you not, to come to you?  Very well, I have come.  Now you come and assume the burden of maintaining me.
Go on suffering thus.  It is Your fate to look after me, O Arunachala!
[Tr. Prof. K. Swaminathan]
Bhagavan Ramana came to Arunachala as per His command.  Having come, He says, it is his fate to look after him.  He has no burden
to look after Himself.  The burden is Arunachaleswara's.  This is the total surrender, where all the burdens are passed on to God, since
the devotee acted as per his command. He lives on, whatever happens to him, since the burden is god's since he has surrendered his ego.

Saint Tiru Navukkarasar says in his Tevaram.         

He is the consort of the one who gave birth to Kadamba*
He is in South Kadambai**, Lord in the temple,
His burden is to take care of my sustenance,
My duty is to serve him and be quiet.

* Kadamba is one of the names of Muruga.
** This is called Then Kadambathur, a Siva kshetra.

God sustains the burden of his devotees.  The devotee's duty
is to serve Him.  With such contentment, Bhagavan Ramana
remained in Tiruvannamalai for 54 years.  He wandered about
at pleasure, in the Hill, resting wherever He wanted, and whatever happened as per Siva's grace, He took it.

Arunachala Siva.         


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Re: Part 5 - Ashtavakra Gita translated by John Richards
« Reply #31 on: October 20, 2010, 12:13:59 PM »

Verse 88 of Chapter XVIII of Ashtavakra Gita says:

Glorious is the wise one who is devoid of the feeling of "mine" to whom earth, a stone, and gold are all the same, the knots of whose heart have been rent asunder, and who has been purged of rajas and tamas.

A Self Realized Brahma Jnani is pure Sattva.  Sattva alone can
reflect the self effulgent Atman.  He has no ego and is purged of
rajas and tamas before the glory of Atman may manifest.

Bhagavan Ramana did not have anything to be called as His.
Even the Asramam matters, He never interfered.  He was also
an inmate there, eating at the time of bell.  He says in Sri
Arunachala Navamani Maalai, Verse 7:

You took sole charge of my spirit and my body, the moment when
You, Annamalai, called me and made me your own.  What more do
I want?  Merit or defect, I know none, apart from You.  My very lkife
You are.  Do with me what you will.  Only, only, give me ever swelling love for Your twin Feet.  [Tr. Prof. K. Swaminathan]

Devaraja Mudaliar asked Bhagavan:  "Bhagavan!  You have told in this verse only spirit and body.  Whereas Saint  Manikkavachagar has said his spirit, body and possessions.  How come?"  Bhagavan
smiled and replied to him:  "Mudaliar! What possessions do I have?  Excepting this codpiece, walking stick and water bowl?"  Mudaliar understood and remained speechless.

Saint Manikkavachagar says in verse 7 of Kuzhaitha Pathu - Decad on Melting:

You have, even on that day, taken charge of me. Have you not  taken over my spirit, body and possessions too?
O Hill-like! what miseries will be fall me?  O my Lord with eight shoulders and three eyes!  You do good or bad to me.  I am not responsible anymore!

The saint also says in Verse 1 of Kula Pathu [Decad on Joyful Heckling.]

I am considering only my begging bowl and codpiece as my relations.  I have decided that my only search is for your anklet-wearing feet.  Let this jiva dance, I have got the dancing Lord
in Thillai with me.

Bhagavan Ramana lived like this in Arunchala bartering His I and
mine,[ with chit jada granthi cut asunder,] for Arunachala's glorious company!   

Arunachala Siva.


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Re: Part 5 - Ashtavakra Gita translated by John Richards
« Reply #32 on: October 21, 2010, 09:34:46 AM »

Verse 94 of Chapter XVIII of Ashtavakra Samhita:

Not asleep, even while sleeping soundly, not lying down, even when
dreaming; and not awake, even in the waking state; such is the wise
one who is contented under all conditions.

Sleep, dreaming, and wakefulness, the three states of mind, are
ever illumined by the changeless Self, which stands as the eternal
Witness.  He who has become established in the Self, therefore, remains unaffected by these states of mind.

Bhagavan Ramana who ever remained in the transcendental state
of non dual consciousness, was ever in this illumined, changeless,
and eternal Self and the wakefulness, dreaming and sleep of ordinary mortals were different from the same states of Bhagavan Ramana or any Brahma Jnani.

Saint Tayumanavar asks:  "When shall I sleep without sleeping
and get eternal sukam, O Paraparame!  {Higher than the Highest}...

Muruganar says in Padamalai, Verse 771:

It is the void-like sleep, that shines as one's nature, abiding in the Heart devoid of the delusion 'I'.

Bhagavan Ramana has also discussed in Talks No. 609:

...So stillness is the aim of the seeker.  Even a single effort
to still at least a single thought, even for a trice, goes a long way to reach the state of quiescence.  Effort is required and it is possible in the waking state only.  There is the effort here.  There is awareness also. The thoughts are stilled, so there is the peace of sleep gained.  This is the state of the Jnani.  It is neither sleep nor waking state but intermediate between the two.  There is awareness of the waking state and stillness of sleep.  It is called Jagrat-Sushupti, [waking sleep].  Call it wakeful sleep or sleeping wakefulness or sleepless waking or wakeless sleep.  It is all the same, not the
the same as sleep or waking separately.  It is Ati-Jagrat or
Ati-sushupti.  It is the state of perfect awareness and perfect
stillness combined........

Arunachala Siva.             


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Re: Part 5 - Ashtavakra Gita translated by John Richards
« Reply #33 on: October 21, 2010, 10:14:52 AM »

Verse 100 of Chapter XVIII of Ashtavakra Gita:

The tranquil minded one seeks neither the crowded place nor the
wilderness.  He remains the same under any conditions and in
any place.

Many devotees had asked Bhagavan Ramana, whether they should
leave their worldly lives and live in solitude in a forest or a uninhabited place.  Bhagavan Ramana always stressed that the real solitude is the state of being free from mental concepts and this
will not be achieved by going to a jungle or an uninhabited place.

Guru Vachaka Kovai Verse 908:

If one inquires what is the foremost of the many virtues that are
enjoined by the scriptures as being the pre-requisite qualification
for those desiring liberation, is the great virtue of joyfully seeking changeless solitude.  Moreover, this great virtue should be present
naturally, and be well established in their minds.

Question:  What is the meaning of dwelling in solitude [ekantavasa]?

Bhagavan:  As the Self is all pervasive, it has no particular place for solitude.  The state of being free from mental concepts is called dwelling in solitude.

                    - Upadesa Manjari, II.19.

In Living by the Words of Bhagavan, Annamalai Swami asked:

"I have this desire to live in a place where nobody visits.  I feel another desire to get food without any effort.  I also want to meditate constantly with my eyes closed, without seeking the world at all.  These desires often come to me.  Are they good or bad?"     

Bhagavan said:  If you have desires such as these, you will have to take another birth to fulfill them. What does it matter where you stay?  Keep your mind always in the Self.  Apart from the Self, there is no solitary place "outside".  Wherever you exist keeping company with the mind, that place is, without doubt, a crowded place.

Padamalai Verse 2093:

Because Padam, the one Self, is devoid of mind, he exists without
any company, in solitude, even in the midst of a great crowd.

[Tr. of Padamalai and GVK Verses, David Godman.]

Arunachala Siva.