Author Topic: Hastamalaka Stotram  (Read 9962 times)

srkudai

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Hastamalaka Stotram
« on: July 05, 2010, 06:32:48 PM »
Hastamalaka Stotram is said to have been recited by Hastamalaka when he met Sankara.
Hastamalaka was the name given to him by Sankara himself. Sankara, it is said, was so impressed by Hastamalaka stotram that he wrote a commentry on it and even refers to Hastamalaka as master in it!

The name comes from the fact that it reveals the Truth as clearly and straightly as an amalaka fruit [amla in hindi] shown in one's hand.

Hastamalaka, as a kid, was totally unconcerned with all worldly activities. This led his parents to think that he was a lazy kid. The Restfulness of a Jnani was mistaken for laziness. And they took him to Sankara. Hastamalaka did a Sastanga Pranam to Sankara with deep emotions.

Sankara perhaps knew about him. He lifted him and asked him "kastvam " , "who are you?" , "whence do you come", "kuta agatosi" , "what is your name" "kim nama the" etc.

In reply to his guru's questions, Hastamalaka sang out the famous Hastamalaka Stotram.
The stotram is simple yet beautiful. we shall study it here.

DRPVSSNRAJU

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Re: Hastamalaka Stotram
« Reply #1 on: July 06, 2010, 07:17:07 AM »
Once Muruganar asked Bhagawan is Atma Vidya is so simple like seeing Amalaka fruit in the hand.
Bhagawan said it is much simpler than that.
To see Amalaka fruit one must have that,he has to keep it in his hand,he must have eyes to see it,mind must function so that
eyes can see it,mind requires the assistence of consciousness to perceive the Amalaka fruit.Though looks simple so many things
are involved in the act of seeing Amalaka fruit in the hand.
But Atma Vidya is simple.Just "Be as you are".It does not require any adjuncts to be.
 Your awareness is your being. And if your awareness is directed  nowhere, you are everywhere." This is what Ramana Maharshi means when he says "Be as you are".
pvssnraju

Subramanian.R

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Re: Hastamalaka Stotram
« Reply #2 on: July 06, 2010, 09:44:46 AM »

Dear srkudai, Dr. Raju,

Hastamalakam is one of the beautiful poems of Sri Sankara. 
Bhagavan Ramana has rendered in Tamil verse.  The famous
Who am I? - question of Bhagavan Ramana, was asked here
by Sankara to Hastamalaka! 

The retarded child was not looking at one with steady eyes.  On
top of it, he was dumb. When Sankara and Padmapada came,
for the first time, he looked at Sankara with steady eyes.  The
child's father himself was surprised about this 'behavior'.

Bhagavan Ramana adds only one idea of His own in Tamil verse
translation, Verse 15: [which is not there in Osborne's translation:

"Like the amla fruit on the palm, he showed the Atma; hence this sloka is called Hastamalakam.  This boy because of his immense knowledge was also called as Hastamalaka by everyone in this
world."

Arunachala Siva.     

Subramanian.R

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Re: Hastamalaka Stotram
« Reply #3 on: July 06, 2010, 03:35:18 PM »

Dear srkudai,

Dr. Stephen Hawking says:  Space is ever expanding.  It is the pure
emptiness which is ever expanding.  The stars, planets and galaxies
occupy only an in infinitesimal portion of the Space.  They are like like
a few crumbs of bread on a large table.  The Time and Space are
interwined.  The time is ever moving as a quotient of Space and vice
versa, in a relativistic concept.  In the final analysis, everything is a product of mind. The Real Time is only the Time.  The Space within your brain* is the Real Space.

Dr. Hawking uses the word brain and perhaps does not know the concept of Heart by Bhagavan Ramana.       

Muruganar says in Padamalai:

Verse 1968:  That which exists is only the present.  Past and future
are encountered when the present is disregarded.  They are opposed
to the present.

Verse 1684:  That which is perceived as time and space is nothing
more than reality, the Self that is pure consciousness.

Verse 845:  Destruction is only for time and space.  There is absolutely no movement for the Self, the Surpreme Reality.

Verse 1582:  Those who do not realize the present firmly, in their
Heart, which is the truth, will be lost in the other [times, future and
past] through joy and misery.

Bhagavan Ramana also says this in Verse 15 and 16 in ULLadu
Narpadu.


Bhagavan Ramana says in Tamizh version:

Hastamalaka says:  He is Nitya Suddha.  Nitya Vastu.  Pure Space
without any adjuncts whatsoever.  A pure crystal.  Asangan.  Nish-
kalangan.  Mindless.

Arunachala Siva.

ramana_maharshi

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Re: Hastamalaka Stotram
« Reply #4 on: July 07, 2010, 12:57:10 PM »
Dear Udai garu,

Just done some google search regarding Siva Tandavam and its origin.


According to Axel Michaels Vedic god Rudra was called Shiva for the first time in the Svetasvatara Upanishad.

The name Rudra is taken as a synonym for god Shiva and the two names are used interchangeably. Also, it is said that God Shiva is a form of "Rudra".

The depiction of Shiva as Nataraja is popular.The names Nartaka ("dancer") and Nityanarta ("eternal dancer") appear in the Shiva Sahasranama.

Quote
In the version that occurs in book thirteen of the Mahabharata, Krishna recites the 1,008 names of Shiva to Yudhisthira. Yudhisthira had asked Bhishma the names of Shiva but Bhishma admitted his ignorance and requested him to ask Krishna. Interestingly, the thousand names of Vishnu, or Vishnu sahasranama, also occurs in the same chapter. Some overlapping of names with the Vishnu sahasranama has led Adi Shankara to conclude that Shiva and Vishnu are both identical, as both forms of one personal God, or Saguna Brahman, a conclusion that is a central tenet of Advaitan or Smarta Hinduism.

His association with dance and also with music is prominent in the Puranic period.

In addition to the specific iconographic form known as Nataraja, various other types of dancing forms are found in all parts of India, with many well-defined varieties in Tamil Nadu in particular.

The two most common forms of the dance are the Tandava, which later came to denote the powerful and masculine dance as Kala-Mahakala associated with the destruction of the world,and Lasya, which is graceful and delicate and expresses emotions on a gentle level and is considered the feminine dance attributed to the goddess Parvati.Lasya is regarded as the female counterpart of Tandava.The Tandava-Lasya dances are associated with the destruction-creation of the world.


For some reason i feel Shiva Sahasranama is not that famous like Vishnu Sahasranamam though i have no clue of the reason.

infact i never heard that there is something called Shiva Sahasranama till today :-)

Subramanian.R

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Re: Hastamalaka Stotram
« Reply #5 on: July 07, 2010, 02:29:21 PM »

Dear srkudai, prasanth,

First. What is described by prasanth, is as per Saiva Siddhantam,
where Siva is an anthromorphic god.  Sakti is the manifesting power.
The Consciounsess, the nondual consciousness is Sivam, where the
manifestation has been withdrawn into Sivam.  It is something
like Ardhanari, where Siva and Uma are depicted as concorporate.

Now coming to Siva meditating.  To whom Siva is meditating?
Is there anything other than Siva [or Sivam] in advaitam?  So,
one can only say that Siva is meditating on His own! 

A somewhat similar position, we come across in Bhagavan
Ramana's 108 Holy Names:

  Holy Name 43:

Om Rachtachala Tandavaya Namah:

Salutations to the Dancer dancing the dance of stillness.

How can the stillness - achalam - dance?  Viswanatha Swami
who has composed these names and also given brief prose description says:  What is achala natanam?  How to dance without moving?   In the state of Fullness, Sphuranam - where there is nothing else, other than that Sphuranam, that experience of
Sphuranam alone is svatamanubhavam.  This Svatmanubhati is
called Tandavam, Achala Tandavam.  Actually, the Siva Tandavam ever takes place in the Heart of the Jnani, who has got rid of his
vrittis.


Arunachala Siva.

       

matthias

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Re: Hastamalaka Stotram
« Reply #6 on: September 18, 2010, 05:55:23 PM »
dear udaiji

please continue, I like this stotram very much and I think that your english translation is very good.

much love :)
matthias 

Subramanian.R

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Re: Hastamalaka Stotram
« Reply #7 on: September 21, 2010, 02:25:09 PM »


Dear srkudai,

Hastamalaka Stotram is one of Sri Sankara's works that were very
much liked by Bhagavan Ramana and He chose to compose it in
Tamizh verses.  Your commentatry is quite nice.  Bhagavan Ramana
used to say that Sri Sankara asked the dumb and vacant looking   
boy the question of Who am I? as reverse, Who are You?  The brahmin boy who never spoke before and never looked at anyone pointedly answered as Who He was!  Finally Sri Sankara took him as His disciple, telling his father that he would not be of any further use to him!  Padmapada was with Sri Sankara at that time.

Hastamalaka is the disciple of Sri Sankara as the youngest of the four.  Sureswara was the oldest. 

Bhagavan Ramana adds a verse at the end stating: Like the amla
fruit on the palm, this boy showed the nature of Atma and so he
came to be called as Hastamalaka and the answer that he gave
came to be titled Hastamalaka Stotram.  This boy, thus, was appreciated as the great Brahma  Jnani by everyone in this world.

Brahmasri Nochur Venkataraman  had discoursed on this composition.


Arunachala Siva.