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Panchadasi - (84)
« on: August 24, 2008, 12:17:46 PM »
The V Chapter, called ' Mahavakya Vivka' - the fixing
the meaning of the Great Sayings, discuss the four great
sayings of Upanishads.  There are four such sayings and the
Chapter takes up all of them.

Verse 1:-  That by which a man sees, hears, smells and
speaks and distinguishes the sweet and bitter tasting etc.,
is called Consciousness.

(This verse discusses, "Prajnanam Brahman" from Aitreya
Upanishad 3.1.1. in Rig Veda.  Here, it says, Consciousness
is that which is responsible for sense-perception. When
these adjuncts are negated, Consciousness is Brahman.)

Verse 2:-  The one Consciousness which is in Brahma, (here the
god of creation and not Brahman), Indra and other gods, as
well as in human beings, horses, cows etc., is Brahman.
So, the Consciousness in me is Brahman.

(Aitreya Up. 3.1.3.)

Verse 3:- The infinite, supreme Self, remains manifested in
this world, as the witness of the functions in the body, fit
for Self-Knowledge and is desingnated as "I".

(This verse discusses, "Aham Brahmasmi". in Brahadaranyaka
Upanishad 1.4.10 in Yajur Veda.  It says, " I am Brahman".
When united with human intellect, Brahman can know Its
own nature.  The hypothesis of Aiovdya explains, the why
of creation.  Time is Its creation.  Cause is the sequence of
events and is in time.   Hence, to ask of the cause of Avidya
is illogical.  Also, refer Mundaka Upanishad 3.2.9)

Verse 4:-  By nature infinite, the Supreme Self is described
here by the word Brahman.  The word 'Asmi' (am) denotes
the identity of 'Aham' (I) and Brahman.  Therefore, "I am
Brahman" is the meaning of the text. 

(In Bible, it was told to Abraham,  "I AM".  It was not said
I am thinking I am !  Becuase "I" is beyond thinking!)

To be contd....

Arunachala Siva.