Author Topic: Bhaja Govindam by Sri Shankaracharya - Part1  (Read 7223 times)

ramana_maharshi

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Bhaja Govindam by Sri Shankaracharya - Part1
« on: June 12, 2010, 11:59:14 AM »
I request readers to view and listen Pravachanam By Sri Sundara Chaitanya Swami in telugu.

There are totally 8 Volumes and in each volume there are totally 8 videos.

http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=BhajaGovindam+Volume1&aq=f

Sri Sundara Chaitanya Swami says Bhaja Govindam is also called Moha Mudgara.

Mudgara in sanskrit means hammer.

So it is hammer that strikes at the illusion.so to conclude Bhaja Govindam will help us to eradicate ignorance.

The first twelve slokas are called dwadasa manjarika sthotram as the first 12 verses are told at a time.

Because the first 13 verses are meant only for the old man who even at the age of 80 yrs is keen to study sanskrit grammer and not interested in devotion in god.


The first 13 are told by Adi Shankara to the old man.while Adi Sankara recited the first 13 verses disciples who are there with him inspired by their guru and wrote each verse by themselves.So the next 14 verses are written by the 14 disciples who are there nearby.So the next 14 are called Chaturdasa manjarika sthotram.

Disciples then shown the verses to Adi Sankara and he was impressed and he himself wrote another 4 verses blesssing them.

TEXT 1

bhajagovindam bhajagovindam
govindam bhajamuudhamate
sampraapte sannihite kaale
nahi nahi rakshati dukrijnkarane

Worship Govinda, Worship Govinda, Worship Govinda. Oh fool! Rules of Grammar will not save you at the time of your death.

Sri Sundara Chaitanya Swami says Govinda in telugu means "vakkulachee pondagaligee vaadu" means by learning/understanding vedas attain govinda.

We recite govinda 2 times because govinda was written 2 times in Vishnu Sahasranamam.

He says donot have raga dvesa regarding house,food etc by saying i want only icecream,house in hyd central etc.

He says cloth jeans is not the means for liberation.


TEXT 2

mudha jahiihi dhanaagamatrishhnaam
kuru sadbuddhim manasi vitrishhnaam
yallabhase nijakarmopaattam
vittam tena vinodaya chittam

Oh fool! Give up your thirst to amass wealth, devote your mind to thoughts to the Real. Be content with what comes through actions already performed in the past.

Note: Sri Sundara Chaitanya Swami says Desire for wealth is most dangerous.

He wonders why in telugu language we compare money with stone like we say "edo naalugu rallu venakesukundamani".

Also greed for money is no ending as we say if i have say 50 croes i will be happy even though at the present moment we can always be happy but we keep on postpone it.

He says us to think for a moment how a sanyasi feels confident,brave,bold even though he leaves his family,money,relatives and all his attachments but on the otherwide we householders though we have required money,children,father,mother but yet wont feel happy and secured and keeps complaining for one thing or other.

TEXT 3

naariistanabhara naabhiidesham
drishhtvaa maagaamohaavesham
etanmaamsaavasaadi vikaaram
manasi vichintaya vaaram vaaram

Do not get drowned in delusion by going wild with passions and lust by seeing a woman's navel and chest. Bodies are flesh, fat and blood. Do not fail to remember this again and again in your mind.

Note: Sri Sundara Chaitanya Swami says householder duty is that wife and husband aim should be for moksha.Our body without skin is nothing but blood,flesh and fat.

Dana,Daya,Dharmam are good if they go hand-in-hand with atma-jnana.

TEXT 4

naliniidalagata jalamatitaralam
tadvajjiivitamatishayachapalam
viddhi vyaadhyabhimaanagrastam
lokam shokahatam cha samastam

Uncertain is the life of man as rain drops on a lotus leaf. Know that the whole world remains a prey to disease, ego and grief.

Note: Sri Sundara Chaitanya Swami says if we are really our body then we should get satisfaction if body needs get fulfilled.But in deep sleep there is no body/world/mind but we exist.

So we are not the body.In dream we imagine another body and we imagine them to be real.

Only just because we imagine "we are the body" we establish relations and have a family etc and go deep in illusion.

so we are sat-chit-ananda.

TEXT 5

yaavadvittopaarjana saktah
staavannija parivaaro raktah
pashchaajjiivati jarjara dehe
vaartaam koapi na prichchhati gehe

So long as a man is fit and able to support his family, see the affection all those around him show. But no one at home cares to even have a word with him when his body totters due to old age.

Note:Sri Sundara Chaitanya Swami says we can take a snap/photo of the flower but the smell of the flower cannot be taken in the photo.Similarly we can live together with other humans but cannot know what is there in their mind.

Human beings buy dead hen,fish and other animals to eat but humans never sell dead body of other humans.For mrudangam instrutment animal skin is used.

TEXT 6

yaavatpavano nivasati dehe
taavatprichchhati kushalam gehe
gatavati vaayau dehaapaaye
bhaaryaa bibhyati tasminkaaye

When one is alive, his family members enquire kindly about his welfare. But when the soul departs from the body, even his wife runs away in fear of the corpse.

TEXT 7

baalastaavatkriidaasaktah
tarunastaavattaruniisaktah
vriddhastaavachchintaasaktah
pare brahmani koapi na saktah

Childhood is lost in play. Youth is lost by attachment to woman. Old age passes away by thinking over many past things. Alas! Hardly is there anyone who yearns to be lost in Parabrahman.

TEXT 8

kaate kaantaa kaste putrah
samsaaro.ayamatiiva vichitrah
kasya tvam kah kuta aayaatah
tattvam chintaya tadiha bhraatah

Who is your wife? Who is your son? Strange is this samsara. Of whom are you? Where have you come from? Brother, ponder over these truths.

Note:Sri Sundara Chaitanya Swami says adi sankara in 1st verse told "O Fool" but here in verse 8 adi sankara kindly says kindly "brother".

He said bhagavad gita was told by Lord Krishna who was a samsari and who listened was Arjuna who was a samsari and who has written bhagavad gita vyasa was also a samsari.

So here lesson is not to think that we should not have samsaram but to understand it is not real.Samsara is related to mind but not to wife,children.

TEXT 9

satsangatve nissngatvam
nissangatve nirmohatvam
nirmohatve nishchalatattvam
nishcalatattve jiivanmuktih

From Satsanga comes non-attachment, from non-attachment comes freedom from delusion, which leads to self-settledness. From self-settledness comes Jivan Mukti(liberation).

Note:Sri Sundara Chaitanya Swami says peace of mind cannot be attained by mere money only.

TEXT 10

vayasigate kah kaamavikaarah
shushhke niire kah kaasaarah
kshiinevitte kah parivaarah
gyaate tattve kah samsaarah

What good is lust when youth has fled? What use is a lake which has no water? Where are the relatives when wealth is gone? Where is samsara (the continuaiton of birth and death) when the Truth is known?

Note:Sri Sundara Chaitanya Swami says lust will be there at max for 3-4 years in our life.

In Srisailam it is called Dholi Darshanam because according to puranas kumari-swami left his father and mother and came to srisailam and his father/mother came there to see their son and because they are in huge affection so they does not care for formalities like cleaning their feet as they want to see their son ASAP.

It also means in Srisailam god is waiting for us(devotees) to visit him and does not care for formalities as we are his sons/daughters.

There are so many good activities(charity,teaching,sanyasam...) which can be done in our life but we must think what is good for us.Example: There are so many channels in TV today but with help of remote we usually keep channel which we like best.

TEXT 11

maa kuru dhana jana yauvana garvam
harati nimeshhaatkaalah sarvam
maayaamayamidamakhilaM hitvaa
brahmapadaM tvaM pravisha viditvaa

Do not boast of wealth, friends, and youth. Each one of these are destroyed within a minute. Free yourself from the illusion of the world of Maya and attain the timeless Truth.

Note:Sri Sundara Chaitanya Swami In Volume4 Part9 has sung a beautiful song on Chandra Bhagavan(Moon) comparing moon with Lord Krishna.

TEXT 12

dinayaaminyau saayam praatah
shishiravasantau punaraayaatah
kaalah kriidati gachchhatyaayuh
tadapi na mujncatyaashaavaayuh

Daylight and darkness, dusk and dawn, winter and spring time come and go. Time plays and life ebbs(A gradual decline) away. But the storm of desire never leaves.

Moreover in Bhagavad Gita it is written

Ch2 Text 70

A person who is not disturbed by the incessant flow of desires--that enter like rivers into the ocean which is ever being filled but is always still--can alone achieve peace, and not the man who strives to satisfy such desires.

Note:Sri Sundara Chaitanya Swami says we all came here in this world for a short visa.

TEXT 13

dvaadashamajnjarikaabhirasheshhah
kathito vaiyaakaranasyaishhah
upadesho bhuudvidyaanipunaih
shriimachchhankarabhagavachchharanarih

This bouquet of twelve verses was imparted to a grammarian by the all-knowing Shankara, adored as the bhagavadpada.

TEXT 14

kaate kaantaa dhana gatachintaa
vaatula kim tava naasti niyantaa
trijagati sajjanasam gatiraikaa
bhavati bhavaarnavatarane naukaa

Oh mad man! Why this engrossment in thoughts of wealth? Is there no one to guide you? There is only one thing in three worlds that can save you from the ocean of samsara. Get into that boat of satsangha (knowledge of the Truth) quickly.

Note:Sri Sundara Chaitanya Swami says Sanyasis are of 3 types

a) Kapata sanyasa
b) Original sanyasa
c) Sanyasi who has failed to live as perfect sanyasi.

TEXT 15

jatilo mundii lujnchhitakeshah
kaashhaayaambarabahukritaveshhah
pashyannapi cana pashyati muudhah
udaranimittam bahukritaveshhah

There are many who go with matted locks, many who have clean shaven heads, many whose hairs have been plucked out; some are clothed in saffron, yet others in various colors --- all just for a livelihood. Seeing truth revealed before them, still the foolish ones see it not.

Note:Sri Sundara Chaitanya Swami says Rotti Kashayam means "Otti Kashayam" as today we sanyasis are fake and only put kashaya simply for food.

TEXT 16

angam galitam palitam mundam
dashanavihiinam jatam tundam
vriddho yaati grihiitvaa dandam
tadapi na mujncatyaashaapindam

Strength has left the old man's body; his head has become bald, his gums toothless and leaning on crutches. Even then the attachment is strong and he clings firmly to fruitless hope.

TEXT 17

agre vahnih prishhthebhaanuh
raatrau chubukasamarpitajaanuh
karatalabhikshastarutalavaasah
tadapi na mujncatyaashaapaashah

Behold there lies the man who sits warming up his body with the fire in front and the sun at the back; at night he curls up the body to keep out of the cold; he eats his beggar's food from the bowl of his hand and sleeps beneath the tree. Still in his heart, he is a wretched puppet at the hands of passions.

Subramanian.R

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Re: Bhaja Govindam by Sri Shankaracharya - Part1
« Reply #1 on: June 29, 2010, 11:54:21 AM »

The Verse 2 reminds me of Bhagavan Ramana's arrival to
Tiruvannamalai and His subsequent activities.  After embracing
Aruanchaleswara in the Temple, He came out!  A barber on his
own asked Him whether He could have a tonsure.  He said yes
and had the tonsure.  Then should one not take bath after hair
cut or tonsure?  He did not care.  Suddenly unusual rains came
and wetted Him.  It was September 1 and the rains are even today
unusual at this time.  Then He removed His dhoti and tore a corner
and wore it as a coupina.  He did not keep the remaining dhoti
for an alternate coupina for next day.  He threw away all the coins
that He had and the sweetmeats too.  He had already left the relatives and mother and now the remaining possessions too.

Thereafter, He never touched the money.  It took more than
20 years to build the Mother's Temple in the present form. But
He never approved donations.  He sat on a sofa given by a
person, other wise He would have gladly sat on the floor.  Nothing He asked for.  Whatever came from others voluntarily, He took
them as Arunachala's gift to Him.  He abhorred costly gifts.  He returned the sandal wood walking stick and also the costly pen
given by devotees.

The only thing He approved was Anna dhanam, and even for this, He never coerced anyone to give rice, dhal and vegetables.  His life is graphic picture of Verse 2 of Bhaja Govindam.

Arunachala Siva.         

ramana_maharshi

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Re: Bhaja Govindam by Sri Shankaracharya - Part1
« Reply #2 on: June 29, 2010, 12:21:32 PM »
100% agree with you Subramanian garu.


Subramanian.R

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Re: Bhaja Govindam by Sri Shankaracharya - Part1
« Reply #3 on: October 03, 2010, 10:24:32 AM »



He revels like a mad man in the world.  And he always remains
in Brahman, the permanent bliss.

Bhagavan Ramana was, when He was quite young, moving always
on the Aruna Hill.  He will go here and there, day and night.  Many
strange things happened while strolling.  He was, since His stomach
was full, decided one morning, to fast for the whole day.  On that
day both in the noon and in the evening, some seven coolies [women] gave Him food and was wondering what Arunachala was doing for Him.  Kunju Swami calls them as Sapta Kanyas, the seven kanyas of Unnamulai.  Again on that late evening, as if what He had taken was not enough, some devotee brought foot ball like mangoes
soaked in rasam and made Him to eat. I think both He and Arunachala were mad.  On another day when He was about to approach the Great Banyan Tree [where Arunagiri Siddha is believed
to live], He stepped on beehive and the bees generously stung His
left leg and thigh.  He came back limping, and Pazhani Swami applied oil and with a tweezer removed the stings.

One day, it was decided to prepare Malayalam Kanji and aviyal
[ a preparation made with mixed vegetables and curds] and the whole Asramam expected the morning as if it is Diwali festival.
Nice Kanji and aviyal were served for all. Bhagavan Ramana who never asked for second helping, asked that day for more and more
cups of Kanji and aviyal and enjoyed it and the devotees were astonished at His rare display of asking for more!

For a Brahma Jnani who always revels in Brahman, something happened before a Jayanti day. Several speeches and poetry reading had been arranged.  A big list was shown to Him.  Bhagavan Ramana said: Why should I see it. You do whatever you like to do.  The devotee asked:  Bhagavan!  If you do not like this, then tell us what we can do?  Bhagavan said:  If you ask me then what I like is to remain summa!  But you cannot do it!

Strange are the ways and life of a Brahma Jnani. He revels in Brahman.  He moves like a mad person in the world.


Arunachala Siva.