Author Topic: Final Part - Devikalottara Translated by T. K. Jayaraman  (Read 2555 times)


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Final Part - Devikalottara Translated by T. K. Jayaraman
« on: April 30, 2010, 01:46:03 PM »
41. Dispelling all attachments completely, and fixing that mind in the Heart firmly, persist in your practice always in order to strengthen the awareness, which then shines forth with great effulgence and clarity.

42. Know that whoever meditates on that supreme void,and becomes established in it by virtue of constant practice,will definitely attain the great state which is beyond birth and death.

43. Gods and goddesses, merits, demerits and their fruits, which are likewise anya (other than oneself), objects of attachment and the knowledge of those objects — all these will lead one to bondage in mighty samsara.

44. All objects of attachments are said to be pairs of opposites (happiness and misery, good and bad, profit and loss, victory and defeat, and so on). When one rises above those pairs of opposites, one realises the Supreme. Such a yogi is a jivanmukta, liberated from bondage. On discarding the body, he becomes a videhamukta.

45. A wise man should not give up the body out of aversion to it. Know that when once the prarabdha karma (result of accumulated actions) which was responsible for the creation of the body ceases, the bodily burden will automatically fall off.

46. The Consciousness which shines as ‘I’ in the Heartlotus is pure (flawless) and perfectly steady (without a trace of movement). By destroying the ego, which rises (from that Consciousness), that Consciousness itself bestows the supreme joy of liberation. Be sure about it.

47. With great devotion meditating constantly that ‘I am that Siva the form of the one Consciousness that is always unsullied by any adjunct,’ dispel all your attachments.

48. Giving up all notions about country, caste, blemishless community, asrama (status as a bachelor, family man, ascetic or one who has renounced the world) and associated matters, hold on to and practise always meditation upon the Self, your own natural state.

49. I alone am. No one belongs to me; nor do I belong to anyone else. I can see no one who can call me his; neither can I see anyone who is mine. I am all alone.

50. Know that the person who experiences the firm conviction, ‘I am the Supreme Brahman, I am the Master and Lord of the Universe!’ is the real mukta (one who has attained liberation), and that the one following conflicting paths is in bondage.

51. The day one is able to see oneself with his inner eye as not the body, all his desires vanish, and he experiences perfect peace.

52. He who is described in the scriptures as the unborn and Lord, I am He, the Atman (Self), who is forever without form or qualities. There is absolutely no doubt about it.

53. I am pure Awareness, immaculate, perfectly liberated;and forever present everywhere. I am indeterminable. No one can grasp me or leave me. I am free from sorrow. I am always brahmamayam (of the nature of Brahman).

54. I am the Self which is Consciousness, absolute completeness, deathless and self-established, and which is other than this insentient body, limited between the top of the head and the sole of the foot, and which, beginning with the antahkaranas (the inner instruments such as mind and intellect) is bounded by the covering of the skin.

55. Thinking, ‘I am the Lord of all creations, moving or stationary, I remain as father, mother and father’s father for the universe’, aspirants for mukti contemplate with concentration and ardour only upon Me, who am that great turiya state (the substratum of the waking, dream and sleep states).

56. I am the one who is worshipped through sacrifices and penances by all celestial beings beginning with Brahma (the Creator), the heavenly damsels who are themselves sought after, humans, yakshas, gandharvas, nagas and other groups of superhuman beings, and also by many others. Know that everyone worships only Me.

57. By many kinds of rare austerities and charities,everyone worships only Me. Know that this vast creation, moving and stationary, and all objects, are nothing but Me,
the Infinite One.

58. I am not the gross body, nor am I the subtle body. I am also not the causal body. I am the kinsman of the universe. I am the One who is of the nature of transcendental knowledge. I am moreover the eternal One, the Lord, the taintless One,the One who is devoid of the states (of waking, dream and sleep), the One who is devoid of the universe.

59. The beginningless Consciousness is unborn, whole and, residing forever in its natural home of the Heart-cave, is without form, world or impurity. It is beyond comparison and completely unattached. It cannot be comprehended by the mind nor can it be seen or felt by the senses.

60. Repeatedly see thus: ‘I am He, the eternal, omnipresent Reality which is Brahman’. Meditating thus for a long time,whoever abides imperturbably will become the Supreme Brahman, thereby attaining immortality.

61. Having thus explained the nature of knowledge to enable everyone to attain liberation, which is always available, I shall now proceed to describe the conduct to be adopted by seekers. Noble Lady, listen to them calmly.

62. O Queen among women! Know that bathing in holy waters, repeating holy names or words (mantras), performing daily homa (sacred offering in specially prepared fire),worship, other oblations in lustrous fire, or any other means (sadhana) to be followed after great study, are never required for him (the earnest aspirant seeking liberation).

63. Niyamas (strict rules of conduct such as what to eat,when to eat, how to eat, what to wear, where to sit and so on),worship of deities in sacred places, nama archanas (worship of deities by reciting sacred names), pitru karmas (oblations,etc., carried out for the sake of forefathers to help them reach a high state), pilgrimage to holy places which have come forth on earth, and observance of great vows, are all not for him (the earnest aspirant), if considered deeply.

64. He does not reap the fruit of actions, good or bad. Important dates and special observances zealously followed by the world are not for him. Give up all actions and all kinds of worldly codes of conduct.

65. Renounce completely all religious edicts and disciplines. Since all kinds of action result in bondage, give up all action plans, mental conflicts, and attachment to one’s caste duties.

66. Even if the aspirant acquires many kinds of supernatural powers and magical powers such as visualising what is buried underneath the earth, and can demonstrate
them before the world, he should give up mental attachment to them.

67. All these (powers) are only bondages to the individual soul. Further they drag one to follow a low path. The supreme joy of liberation does not lie in any of them, but only in the Infinite Consciousness.

68. One must engage unfailingly in yoga (the practice of Self-abidance) in all conditions, without allowing any special event to affect one adversely. If, due to doubts, delusion arises in the form of attraction to worship in holy places and temples (on account of past practices and vasanas), reject it immediately.

69. Listen to me, Lady! Know that only the wise man who never does anything which leads to the destruction of any form of life, such as insects, worms, birds or plants, is a person who is seeking true knowledge.

70. He (the true aspirant) should not pull out tender roots (of fragrant plants, which is often done for worship); he should not even pluck the leaves; he should not harm any living thing out of anger; he should not heartlessly pluck even flowers.

71-72. He should worship Lord Siva using only flowers that have fallen naturally.
He should not indulge in vile practices such as marana (causing destruction through the use of certain mantras) uchadana (driving one out with the force of mantras), vidveshana (causing mutual hatred between friends), the well known sthambana (freezing one’s capabilities), causing fever, putting into action evil spirits,causing agitation, wrongly taking control of others, attracting and infatuating others, and so on. Abandon the worship of stones, wooden objects and similar articles.

73. Having relinquished the great mudras which are adopted in order to fix the mind on the devatas (deities) residing in holy places and temples, and the associated
sacrifices, get rid of the vasanas also which may have accumulated on account of such practices in the past, and cling only to the Self, the all-pervading real Consciousness.

74. Maintain a neutral attitude towards all things; do not get infatuated with anything; maintain equanimity whether in happiness or suffering; be the same to friends and enemies; treat alike a broken piece of mud pot and a piece of gold.

75. Know that a flawless yogi is one who does not ever allow himself to be swayed by desire for the pleasures of the senses, who frees himself at heart from mamakara (treating things as ‘mine’), who has a steadfast mind, who is free from desires and fear, and who always revels in the Self.

76. Being unaffected by either praise or slander, treating alike all creatures, he should always unfailingly maintain an equality of vision (sama drishti), considering all living beings in the world as himself.

77. Avoid unnecessary arguments and worldly associations.
Do not create misunderstanding among others.Do not join religious bodies well versed in many scriptures (sastras). Give up both words of abuse and words of praise.

78. Gradually and completely get rid of jealousy, slander,pomp, passion, consequent hatred, desire, anger, fear and sorrow.

79. If a man is free from all the pairs of opposites and always lives in Solitude (established in himself alone), he gains perfect wisdom even while in the present body and shines forth with great effulgence.

80. Liberation is attained only by knowledge (jnana). By other powers (siddhis) such a fruit is unattainable. However, aspirants become enchanted with blemishful worldly
enjoyments and thaumaturgic powers (siddhis) and go after them with desire.

81. Know that the pure flawless person will experience that blemishless Lord (the Supreme Brahman) and positively attain liberation whether attended by the supernatural powers or not.

82. The body is a form constituted of the five elements (earth, water, fire, air and ether). The one all-pervading Siva is also nicely seated there. Hence the entire universe,right from the indivisible all-pervading Sivam (the highest and most abstract tattva or principle) to this world, is the form of Shankara.

83-84. My dearest, earnest seekers who see the enlightened one and worship him with all the three instruments (mind, speech and body) in unison, offering him with heart-melting love, sweet-smelling sandal paste, fruits,flowers, incense, good water to bathe, clothes and food, will thus attain liberation. Know that those who worship that jnani reap the fruit of his righteous deeds and those who slander him reap the result of his sins.

85. I have revealed the truth about knowledge and the conduct pertaining thereto, as you have asked. This entire path is indeed Kalottara Jnana (the knowledge to be revealed at the final stage of maturity). Tell me, O Lady, if you want to ask anything more.

Source: Collected Works Of Sri Ramana Maharshi