Author Topic: ULLadu Narpadu - 20  (Read 977 times)

Subramanian.R

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ULLadu Narpadu - 20
« on: April 04, 2010, 11:57:40 AM »
I would like to post here two of the paragraphs from Dr. T.M.P.
Mahadevan's commentaries on ULLadu Narpadu, covering the first
two verses, from his book Ramana Maharshi and the Philosophy
of Existence:

On the first invocatory verse:-

Reality is not mere existence.  It is also intelligence or Awareness.
To consider Reality to be simple objective being would result in
sceptism and agnosticism.  All forms of materialism and naturalism
flounder and fail because even to state them is required an intelligence which cannot be reduced to a datum of sense.  Nor is it
true to identify Reality with a stream of ideas.  For that would lead
to subjectivism and solipsism.  Reality is neither inert existence nor a subjective series of presentations.  It is Sat-Chit, existence-
consciousness.  Even as Reality is not an existent but existence
itself.  So also it is not a consciousness-of but consciousness itself.
In other words, the Real is Pure Existence and Pure Consciousness.

On the second invocatory verse:-

One sees the face of death everywhere, and yet one does not want to die.  The desire for deathlessness is universal.  Then, there must
be something wrong with the common sense view of death.  Meditation on death is an essential part of the discipline for the
philosophers and the saints.  The Bhagavad Gita includes the realization of the misery and defect of death among the ingredients of Jnana. (XIII.8)

To the question, "Is philosophy the practice of death?" Plato answers "Yes" and adds that the philosopher is he who know how to die with ease.  Before proceeding to the land of Death, in order to
make true the angry and unthinking words of his father, Nachiketas consoles his sire saying, "Like corn does a mortal ripen.  Like corn
does he spring to life again. (Katha Upanishad, I.6).  If one understands the truth about death, one would be freed from the fear of death.  This, however, comes only on the realization of the oneness of self.  In order to pave the way for that experience, the
Scriptures urge man to seek refuge in God, so that death for him
will lose all its terror.

The fear of death comes to one, only at the empirical level of
plurality.  Scriptures declares:  "Verily, fear arises only from a
second. (Br.Up. I.iv.2)

When, indeed, he makes but the smallest distinctionin it (the
Self), there is fear for him. (Taitt.Up.II.7)   

"He who sees difference, as it were, here, goes from death to
death."(Katha.Up. IV.10; Br.Up. IV.iv.19).

Fear, (bhaya), plurality (bheda), and ignorance (avidya) constitute a triad making for bondage.  Fearlessness (abhaya) arises when the non dual Self (advaya atman) is realized thorugh the Knowledge,
Jnana.

Arunachala Siva.