Author Topic: ULLADU NAARPADU  (Read 1760 times)


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« on: February 11, 2010, 02:48:52 PM »
It is Bhagavan's will, that I should write something about ULLadu
Naarpadu, Sad Darsanam. The word ULLadu means Sat or Aham
Asmi.  In different case endings the word comes 16 times in the
first verse!  ULLal - is thinking, becoming.  Bhagavan says
ULLal aRa - without thinking, without becoming, just experience.

How to experience this ULLadu?  It is the state in which there
is no rise of "I" or ego.  It is our natural state.

Naan udhiyathu uLLa nilai, naam adhuvai uLLa nilai, says Verse
27.  This verse is the Heart centre of Ulladu Naarapadu, as Verse
10 is in Upadesa Undiyar (Upadesa Saram)

People are talking about choiceless awareness and effortless
awareness, doing nothing meditation etc.,   But Bhagavan says
efforts are essential.  What sort of effort?  What for?  To see
the place from where the ego rises.  This is the purpose.  What
sort of effort?  Like diving into a well to pick up a thing, like a
wrist watch or something.  We need to control both our breath
and speech.  And we should dive. And how to search for the thing?
by sradddha, attention, by 'one thought'!  The attention is "koorntha madhi" in that verse.  The one thought is - Where is the wrist watch?
Who am I? How to do it?  "azhnthu" - by delving deep into the well
or within ourselves. Like a corpse, "pinam pol" like a corpse, because there is no breathing, no speech.  The effort is to control the breath and speech, which is the "Be Still" aspect of the enquiry.  Summa Iru.

Then, we will experience I am Brahmasmi.  Here for this Mahavakya,
Bhagavan has said, it is not I am Brahman.  It is not like telling
I am Subramanian.  No.  It is Brahman is I.  This state of Brahman
is I. It is:  Naan udhiyathu uLLa nilai, where the "I" or the "ego" is completely vanquished.

Brahman is always called I-I even in old scriptures.  Brahmasri
Nochur Venkataraman says:  It is there in Srimad Bhagavatam,
Skandam V. Niraham padam Ramam mama:  Salutations to
that Aham which is Rama. Yoga Vaasishtam says:  Vasthu
ahankara niratam. The Substance where there is not ego.

The Heart Center has been explained by Bhagavan Ramana in two different ways.  Firstly for seeker, He has said:  It is on the right side of the chest. This is Upasana meaning.  For the purpose of meditation/self enquiry, a centre is indicated.  He has quoted
Ashtanga Yogam.  It is also there in Sita Upanishad, Narayana Suktam (adhomuka padmam) and Bible (The wise man's heart is
on the right side).

But as Lakshyartam, the meaning for the realized state, is that Heart is everywhere.  In fact, we are in Heart.  The whole universe is in Heart.  Arunachala is Heart.  Arunachala is Atma.  Arunachala is I.  He has said about Arunachala.  "Since You dance as I, I, Your name is Heart." (Sri Arunachala Pancha Ratnam, Verse 2.)  This dance of I, I, happens only when Sakti (the mind/ego/individual soul) gets quiscent in Atma.  This is explained in Sri Arunachala Navamani Maalai, Verse 1.  Arunachala is I.  This is the purport of Tatvam Asi.  I am That.  And this is explained in Verse 2 of the same poem.

Satyamangalam Venkatrama Iyer, who has composed Sri Ramana Stuti Panchakam, calls Bhagavan as "Asipadam" in his poem Sri Ramana Sadguru, Verse 19. What is this Asipadam? It is the place where Sakti merges with Siva.  The mind with the Self.

Arunachala Siva.                   


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« Reply #1 on: February 11, 2010, 02:55:35 PM »

 why did bhagavan choose to say reality only in forty verses? And of all the works of bhagavan, why is ulladu narpadu considered the gist of all teachings - the centre to all other works..


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« Reply #2 on: February 11, 2010, 04:26:20 PM »
Dear SLakshmi,

While Bhagavan's earlier works like Arunachala Aksharamana Maalai
are mixed with devotion and jnana, the ULLadu Naarpadu is a pure
advaitic work telling about only Jnana Marga.  This was not composed by Bhagavan voluntarily.  Muruganar asked Bhagavan
Ramana to write some verses regarding self enquiry etc., and He
first composed some verses, mainly as translations from Sanskrit
works like Yoga Vasishtam and Atma Vidya Vilasam.  Murugnar
pursuaded Him to write some original verses, and He started doing them and Muruganar picked out the translations and these added with a few original verses, became the Supplement.  The main
original verses remained as ULLadu Narpadu.  Narpadu or forty
is the number that is adopted by some ancient Tamil poets.
Hence it was decided to have narpadu or 40 verses.  Two invocatory
verses (one suggested by Kavyakanta) added, the total became
42.  Both the works were written in Venba metre, the fourline
poety and for the purpose of memorizing, later Sri Lakshmana Sarma
added the connecting words (these are also as per metres).  With
the connected words, the work became a Kali Venba.  Something
like Kandar Kali Venba of Kumara Gurupara Swamigal on Tiruchendur Murugan.

Arunachala Siva.