Author Topic: Manisha Panchakam - 4  (Read 1484 times)


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Manisha Panchakam - 4
« on: November 16, 2009, 03:53:37 PM »
Sri Sankara thought for a while.  He immediately understood that
this Chandala has taught Vedanta to me, by his words.  He thanked
him in his heart and then replied to him in five verses.

Verse 3 (Sankara's answer 1)

Jagrath swapna sushuptishu sputathara ya samvidhujjruambathe
Ya bramhathi pipili kanthathanushu proda jagatsakshini
Saivaham na cha dhruchyavasthvidithi dhruta prajnapi yasyasthi chet
Chandaaloasthu sa thu dhivjoshtu gurithyeha manisha mama:

In Wakeful state, in dream state, in deep sleep state, there is
one pure Awareness which clearly shines, and that which is
the Witness for all beings from Brahma to the ant, and that
which is in all bodies in and out, that I,I, is not the objective
reality. One who realizes this Knowledge in full determination,
he is -- be he a downcaste, Chandaala or be he a Brahmin, he is
my Guru.  This is my conviction and faith.

One who knows the Truth, regardless of his caste, he is fit to be
my Guru, says Sri Sankara. 

This reflection is also seen in Gaudapada's Mandukya Upanishad

The Witness, the Sakshini, is ever shining.  We are not able to
realize It, due to our ignorance and ego.  This is the knowledge
of Consciousness.  Pure Consciousness is revealed only for those
who this all pervading Witness, and not by their mere learning
or birth and caste.

This is Prajananam Brahmam.  Consciousness is Brahman.
This is the first Mahavakya (the great saying of) of Upanishad.
And it is called Lakshna Maha Vakyam.  This gives the characteristic of Brahman. 

The Vedanta teachings are called Vishayam, the substance.
The one who knows its purport is called Vishayee, the realizer.
This realization comes not from learning but from contemplation after removing all the worldly thoughts, the objective knowledge.

This realization of the Effulgence within, comes from negating all objective knowledge.   Bhagavan Ramana says the same thing
in Upadesa Saram, Verse 16:-

It is true wisdom,
From the mind to turn away
From outer objects and behold
Its own effulgent form.
                                     (Tr. Prof. K. Swaminathan)

Again Bhagavan Ramana says in Verse 27 of Upadesa Saram that It is the only Knowledge, and not there is nothing more to know. And this is neither worldly(objective)  knowledge nor ignorance.

That is true Knowledge which transcends
Both knowledge and ignorance
For in Pure Knowledge
Is no object to be known.         
                                       (Tr. Prof. K. Swaminathan)

Thus in the 3rd Verse of Manisha Panchakam, which is Sri
Sankara's first reply, he has elucidated the meaning and
purport of Maha Vakya, Prajnanam Brahmam.

Arunachala Siva.