Author Topic: Sri Arunachala Pancharatnam - 1  (Read 3263 times)


  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 48000
    • View Profile
Sri Arunachala Pancharatnam - 1
« on: July 15, 2009, 05:05:04 PM »
With Bhagavan Ramana's abundant Grace in my Heart, I propose
this serial of posts on Sri Arunachala Pancharatnam.  I am not
writing anything original, but am generously taking the commentary
of Lakshman Sarma [WHO] in Sanskrit verses, Tamil commentary of
Sri Sadhu Om and certain other explanations given by old devotees.
I am also borrowing some anecdotes from Nochur Venkataraman's
discourses on Sri A.P. held in Chennai/Coimbatore/Tiruvannamalai
during 2005-2007.

Sri Arunachala Pancharatnam [herein after mentioned as SAP], a
hymn of five stanzas in Sanskrit composed in Aryagiti metre by
Bhagavan Ramana in praise of the Supreme Being at the request
of Kavyakanta Ganapati Muni, is a work of deep spiritual import.
Ganapati Muni has stated in the 18th Chapter of his Ramana Gita,
the following:

"He is the Master who composed Arunachala Pancharatanam, the
quintessence of Vedantic utterances, brief like sutras but all
comprehensive and filled with hidden meanings."   [ Ch.18.17]

"Though not at all trained in the language of the gods, Sanskrit,
and unacquainted with poetry, he is yet the author of works wherein crowds of brilliant ideas trail behind inspired expression."  [Ch.18.18]

Later, Bhagavan Ramana Himself has translated these verses into
beautiful Tamil verses.  Sri Muruganar has written a Benedictory
Verse at the end.  The Sanskrit Benedictory verse has been written
by Kavyakanta Ganapati Muni.  [Some say it is by Kapali Sastriar].

Sri K. Lakshmana Saram [WHO] a scholar and ardent of follower
of Bhagavan's teachings, wrote a detailed Sanskrit commentary in
about 90 verses on this hymn which was named by Bhagavan Himself  as 'Arunachala Pancharatna Varttikam'.  The author had checked these with Bhagavan who made some corrections also. Bhagavan
Ramana Himself added some verses and made the total as 108.
Sri Sarma has also made 5 Sanskrit verses, in the rhythmic Pancha Chamara metre giving a paraphrased rendering of Bhagavan's verses.

Nochur Venkataraman says that the five verses can be termed to

1. Aungraha Lakshnam of Brahman.
2. Swarupa Lakshnam of Brahman.
3. Jnana Marga teaching.
4. Yoga Marga teaching.
5. Bhakti/Karma Marga teaching.

Arthur Osborne has rendered them in English and this English rendering has been improved by later devotees like Prof. K. Swaminathan, J.Jayaraman and Dr. H. Ramamurthy.

Auspicious Introductory Verse of WHO:

Homage for ever to the Holy Ramana, the inner Self and Lord,
whose Nature is only Being Consciousness and who is the giver
of Happiness to all.

Sri Viswanatha Swami in his introductory verse to 108 holy names
of Bhagavan [Sri Ramana Ashottaram], says:

I salute the limitless ocean of Sat Chit Ananda!
For which all worlds are but waves at the shore!
Ever abiding deep in the Cave that is, Heart Centre!
I mediate upon Him in my Heart, who is ever without any vacillating

Sanskrit:  Apara Satchit sukavari.....

Arunachala Siva.