Author Topic: Guru Gita - 1  (Read 1570 times)

Subramanian.R

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Guru Gita - 1
« on: May 31, 2009, 12:16:44 PM »
For these posts, I have taken the translations of Guru Gita
in English, by Divine Life Society and for certain historical
details the article of N.A. Mohan Rao, from Mountain Path,
April-June 2009.

Among the 18 principal Puranas, attributed to Veda Vyasa,
the Skanda Puranam, is by far the largest.  It has 81,100
verses as compared to the more popular Bhagavata Puranam,
whcih contains 18,000 verses.

According to the legend in this Purana, Siva and his consort
Uma were once seated in Mount Kailas, surrounded by eminent
rishis and others.  Uma asked Siva to explain to her the nature
and greatness of the Guru.  Siva then glady agreed and the
dialogue started.  Like Adaytma Ramayana and certain other
stories, this is also a dialogue between Siva and Uma. It
contains 351 slokas and Bhagavan Ramana's frequent citing
and teachings of Skanda Purana and Guru Gita corroborate
the fact of its treatment of various aspects of higher reality
and Sadhana.

Guru Gita touches practically on all aspects of the subject of
'the Guru'.  It teaches two methods for attaining  Self Realization, a complete surrender to the Guru and self-effort
based on meditation.  Both are to be practised under the
aegis of a Guru who is himself Self realized.

Who is a Guru?

The very term Guru is self explanatory.  Verses 44-49
state:-

"Gukara sch andhakaro hi rukarastheja ucchayte
ajnana grosakam brahma guruveva na sankshaya."

The letter Gu denotes darkness, the letter 'Ru' denotes
the remover of darkness.  Brahman, who is capable of
swallowing up ignorance is certainly the Guru.

"Gukara"  means the disease of birth and death.  'Rukara'
means the destroyer of births and deaths.  On account of
the powr of destroying the disease of birth and death, the
teacher is known by the significant name Guru.

The letter 'Gu' denotes that he is above the three Gunas.
And 'Ru' denotes, that he is beyond forms.  Because he is
free from Gunas, and forms, he is called Guru.

The first syllable 'Gu' creates or makes manifest Maya
and the Gunas.  'Ru' is Para Brahman, that removes
both Maya, the delusion viz., I am the body, I am the mind
etc., and with that the three Gunas.       

Thus the state of the Guru [Gurupada] is great and sublime,
verily difficult for even Devas to attain and worthy of worship
by Garuda, serpents, Gandharvas, Siddhas and the celestials.

Guru Tattva is supreme.  There is nothing greater than Guru.
One should worship his Guru and dedicate himself -- body,
mind and soul -- unto the Guru.

[Guru Tattva demands unconditional surrender]

 
(Source: As indicated above)

Arunachala Siva.