Author Topic: Na Karamanaa ... - 2  (Read 1275 times)

Subramanian.R

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Na Karamanaa ... - 2
« on: May 27, 2009, 12:49:33 PM »
The Verses 14 and 15, " Na Karmanaa na prajya, na dhane na..."
mean as under:

Not by work, not by progeny, not by wealth, they have
attained Immortality.  Some have attained Immortality
by renunication [by looking within].  That which the
hermits attain is laid beyond the heaven.  Yet it shines
brilliantly in the purified heart.

These verses [sometime taken as one], are interpreted
by Bhattabhaskara and Sayana in two distinct ways.

According to both these commentators, it lays down the
means for the attainemnt of the Supreme Being whose
attributes, power and grace were earlier described.  Both
of them agree that Immortality resulting from the knowledge
of the Supreme is attained only by some who have undergone the necessary discipline.  The passage does not outright imply that work, progeny and gifts of wealth to others, are condemned as futility.   The purpose of this passage is to stress the
supreme importance of renunication for the attainment of
divine knowledge which is the goal of the twofold religious
path, viz., pravritti and nivritti.  While Bhatta considers
'tyaga' as karma bala tyaga, Sayana considers 'tyaga' as
total renunciation.  Bhagavan Ramana also takes this as
correct.

While leading a good householder's life, agnihotra and other rituals, earning wealth and dhana of wealth to the needy,
might be generating the desire to know the Self, they cannot themselves confer Immortality.  The knowledge of the Supreme and liberation come to one only by renouncing all other interests and concentrating on Vichara.  But this is quite rare, as Upanishad itself agrees that only 'Some' attain it.

This verse is also found in Kaivalya Upanishad, Verse 1.2.4.

to be contd.,

Arunachala Siva.