Author Topic: Tat Tvam Asi - 4  (Read 1359 times)


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Tat Tvam Asi - 4
« on: May 09, 2009, 12:43:25 PM »
The Self is revealing all the time.  At the waking level, at the dream
level, and at the deep sleep level.  The Self reveals because that it
is its nature.  The Self is eternal light.  It reveals the world, the body,
the senses and the mind.  Even in deep sleep, where the mind, senses, and the body are absent, the Self is still revealing.  It is like
fire, where the burning capacity manfiests when something flammable like a piece of wood, is brought near it.  Fire burns only when something comes into contact with it. 

But unlike fire, the revelation of the Self is always manifest because
it reveals not only the presence of objects, as in the case of waking and dream states, but also the absence of objects, as in the case of
deep sleep.  The power of revelation of the Self is manifest in the presence as well as the absence of objects.

It is the non-relational Self that becomes the Jiva, due to Avidya.
The mind-sense-body complex is a product of Avidya.  What is called the Jiva is the Self in association with or conditioned by the mind-body complex.  The Jiva is the Self in the body.  Though the Self by its
very nature is non-relational, it becomes relational, as it were, with
the mind sense body complex and gets involved in empirical existence as the knower, agent and enjoyer.  The Self-in-itself, which is not
involved in any empirical expereince, is called Tuirya, or simply the

This is the Self which is called Visva at the waking state, Taijasa at 
the dream state and Prajna in deep sleep state.  When all the three
states of experiences are transcended, when the Vyavaharika is left behind, "That Beyond" where only the Self remains is called the Fourth or Turiya.   The Fourth is beyond the three states of expereicnes.  There is no cognition, be it external or internal, and all
distinctions of knower, known and knowledge have faded into oblivion.  It is beyond Avidya.  It is, therefore, said to be trans-
empirical and trans-relational.

[For more details about Visva, Taijasa, Prajna and Turiya, kindly
refer to Maandukya Upanishad and Gaduapada's Karika and Sankara's
commentary on both.  This is available in Sri Ramakrishna Math, through wonderful translations of Swami Nikhilannda in English and
Sri Anna Subrahmanya Iyer, in Tamil.] 

(Source: As indicated in Part 1)

Arunachala Siva.