Author Topic: Surpanaka and Radha  (Read 2818 times)

Subramanian.R

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Surpanaka and Radha
« on: May 05, 2009, 04:09:48 PM »
One gentleman, a learned Vaishnavite scholar by name Tiruchy
Kalyanaraman was giving discourse on Ramayana since 30 days
and completed the story last evening.  This was telecast in Sri
Sankara TV.   He profusely quoted from Sanskrit and Tamil
Kamba Ramayanam.  Kamba Ramayanam is an epic of 10000 plus verses in Tamil, composed by Poet Kambar around 10th century AD.  It is the first Dravidian Ramayanam after the original Sanskrit
epic of Valmiki.

The discourser said that Surpanaka, who is the sister of Ravana,
came to see Rama and Lakshmana and Sita, with a secret purpose
of getting her brother killed by Rama.  The reason is Surpanaka's
husband, one Vidyut Kekaya is a great Jnani and a warrior too.
He had some kavacha, body protection, with which he was invincible.  Ravana became jealous of him, because Ravana did not want any
other person of equal valour and jnana.  He took him to a duel and
killed him by some foul means.  Surpanaka became wrathful but
could not go against her brother.  When she came to Rama, because
of her devotion to him, (he also knew her purpose), showed her, his
form with four arms and conch, discus, and mace, as Maha Vishnu.  She came to embrace him, for merger with him, not for conjugal union.  Rama prevented her saying that in this present incarnation,
he is like Siva, and no one can touch him, excepting his wife Sita.  Surpanaka then went to Lakshmana (to play her role further) and enchanted him.  The rest of the story, every one knows.  Her one breast and nose were severed. She came to Ravana and he came for Sita's abduction and got into a war and died at Rama's hands.  To fulfil her ambition, Rama made her to come as Radha and enjoy not only her conjugal union with him but also divine merger with him.

Vallabacharya says that only eight women are Krishna's wives.  The rest were all his lovers.  The total comes to 16,110.  One can view this as so many devotees who had merger with Krishna, during his avatara period itself.  Radha, surprisingly, does not find a place in Srimad Bhagavatam.  We hear about her only in Jayadeva's Ashtapadi and Melpathur Narayana Bhattadri's Sri Narayanam.  She can represent any Nayaki (lover) who wanted merger with godhead.     

Siva appears before Rama after Sita's agni-pravesa before return
to Ayodhya.  Siva says that even though he had acted as a human
being in asking Sita to enter the agni, it is he who should be purified
thereafter for his error of judgement.  Siva then tells Rama to hold the hand of Sita.  Sita, for that matter, any chaste wife, represents Agni, the fire.  It is for this purpose, the wife always brings Agni before any sacrifice.  Man cannot touch Agni unless, his wife brings it for yagna, sacrifice.  For the same reason, it is wife who will light the pooja lamp in the home altar and light the oven for making food.

Siva appeared before Rama earlier once.  When Rama broke Siva dhanus in Janaka's court, he felt he had done an act of sin by
breaking the dhanus. Siva appears before him and says, 'Now
you hold Sita's hand and get purified for the act of sin.' 

Arunachala Siva.