Author Topic: Who is a Guru?  (Read 1345 times)

Subramanian.R

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Who is a Guru?
« on: March 24, 2009, 09:45:11 AM »
In Sanskrit, three words are used to denote three different types
of teachers.  The first is Upadhyaya, the one who keeps the disciple
near and tell him various scriptures.  This gentleman is knowledgable
but he is not himself realized.  He should not collect fees from disciples.  This gentleman can also teach other worldly knowledge too,
like training a horse, elephant, dances, hunting with arrows, war-
games etc.,  The second is Acharya, who teaches only about spiritual knowledge and various dharmas pertaining to it.  He may be called a
Spiritual Teacher in English.  This gentleman is realized, he collects
no fees and he teaches only dharma sasras but not way to realization.

The final step is Guru.  He is self realized.  He may or may not himself follow dharma sastras, since he has transcended them.  He does not go to king's court or a school and teaches.  People intent on realization should go to him.  He shall show the way to realization.
If one follows his words, he will attain self realization.  He does not even touch money or gold or offerings.  He is sometimes called Sadguru also.  One can call him as a Realized Teacher in English.

Arunachala Siva.