Author Topic: Guru in Padamalai verses of Muruganar  (Read 1429 times)


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Guru in Padamalai verses of Muruganar
« on: March 15, 2009, 04:00:43 PM »
Muruganar's Guru Vachaka Kovai, is well known to Bhagavan's
devotees.  What is less well-known is that Muruganar recorded
many other teaching statements of Bhagavan.  Over 1500 two-line verses can be found in the long 3059 verse poem entitled Padamalai, A Garland for the Feet.

1.*  The true form of the Guru can be known only if one realizes,
through the grace of the Guru, one's own real form.

2. Do not imprison the true form of the Guru within a cage but seek
inwardly and realize it to be the formless, omnipresent expanse of

3. Only the divine grace that wells up in abundance in the form of
the Guru, can very easily put a stop to the dizzying whirl of the infatuated mind.

In the Saiva Siddhanta tradition, there are three impurities -- anava,
(ego), kanma (karma) and maya (illusion) -- that prevent devotees
from attaining the ultimate goal, oneness with the Consciousness of
Siva.  Those who have all three impurities, malas, need a human Guru to realize Sadasivam, Consciousness of Siva.  Those devotees who are only afflicted by anava and kanma, can reach Sadasivam by having Siva appear before them, in a physical form.  Many of the saints of
Periya Puranam would come into this category.  Those in the third category, whose only mala is anava, can get enlightenment through the power of the Self within, without needing either a human Guru or the darshan of an external God.  Bhagavan Ramana would be a good
example of someone who became enlightened through the power of the Self alone.  Since the devotees who fall into the second and third category are quite rare, the necessity of a human Guru is stressed.

(This explanation is from the editorial note on page 118 of Sri Ramana Darsanam.  The implication of this three fold divisions is that the human Guru is the most powerful vehicle through which grace can operate.  Muruganar subscribed to this Saiva philosophical view.)

Earlier in the same essay, Muruganar mad a similar comment about Bhagavan.  "As a result of the tapas performed in the past, only a little of anava impurity was left over, and this was as thin as the wing of a fly.

4. That which dwells within as the supreme Self is indeed that which
appears before (you) as the very visible form of the Guru.

5. The form of the Jnana-Guru that bestows an abundance of grace
is Sivam, who abides within oneself as Pure Consciousness.

6. Since the divine form, the form of the Guru assumed by Iswara,
is actually a physical embodiment of grace, that form is worthy of
being worshipped.

7. Siva-Jnana-Yoga is remaining still through the never-diminishing
grace of the Guru, who bestows true Jnana.

8. Grace will freely flow in a heart that, meditating upon the Guru as the true form of Lord Siva, becomes lost in adoration.

9. The greatness of noble disciples is that they obtain clear knowledge by trusting and believing in their heart that the Guru's
form is the embodiment of grace.

(* The numbers are not the original numbers of Padamalai verses.)

(Source: Mountain Path, Aradhana, 2003. by David Godman.)

David Godman has since published about 1700 verses of Padamalai in
English and the book is sold at Sri Ramanasramam, Tiruvannamalai.

Arunachala Siva.