Author Topic: Tripathartha Lakshana  (Read 1685 times)


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Tripathartha Lakshana
« on: January 08, 2009, 05:45:32 PM »
Tripathartha, the three entities of the world, the soul and the god,
are described by Murugnar in the light of Bhagavan Ramana's teachings,
in Verses 110 to 115.

Verse 110:  If the Jiva thoroughly enquires in the heart who the jiva
is, jiva itself will be found to be non-existent and Siva will be revealed.
When the seer who enthusiastically sees the world has ceased to exist,
it will be pure madness to regard the seen world as existing.

Verse 111: Thus, when the other two entities (jiva and world) have
perished , Sivam alone indisuputably exists. Although this is the defect-
free truth, how can he whose ego is dead think of that truth as nondual?

Verse 112: "If even in the state of ultimate truth (paramartha), the
jiva and the world are as real as God, then the God's nature - complete
and utter fulness - becomes imperfect. It is not proper to make this
claim unless we accept that God is subject to limitation.

Bhagavan Ramana, in this connection, has humorously remarked "It
is not at all correct to say that advaitins or the Sankara school deny the
existence of he world or that they call it unreal. On the other hand, it
is more real to them than to the others.  Their world will always exist,
whereas the world of other schools will have origin, growth and decay,
and as such cannot be real.   Only the advaitins say that the world as
Brahman is real.  All is Brahman, nothing exists but Brahman, and the
world as Brahman is real. In this way, advaitins give more reality to
the world than the other schools do.  For example, to schools which
believe in three entities, (the Saiva Siddhanta School, pati, pasu, pasam),
the world (pasam) is only one third of the reality, whereas for advaitins
the world as Brahman is reality and the world (pasam) and the reality
(pati) are not different.

Bhagavan went on to add that all these are of course, vain disputations.

Verse 113: If the jiva, who is a reflected appearance, really shines as
an independent entity distinct from the Supreme, then the authoritative
conclusions of the Jnanis that the actions of the jiva are really the
actions of Siva, will have to be said to be merely mental imagination.

Verse 114: If, in a cinema show, the diffused (projected light) merges
with and disappears in broad daylight, the cinema scenes that shine
in the projected light will disappear. Similarly, if the unreal and impermanent mind-light emerges with and is lost in the light of pure
consciousness, eternal reality, the false scenes comprising the triputi
(the seer, the seeing and the seen) will cease once and for all.

Verse 115: If it is asked, "When the prime entity is only one, why
do all teachers and religions soften their stance and accept initially
that it is beneficial to say that the prime entities are three?", the
answer is: "Unless it is agreed that these entities are real, the jiva,
being whirled about by externalized attention, (suttarivu) will not
be able to accept that One, the Reality."

(Source: Guru Vachaka Kovai, Muruganar, Tamil Verses. Tr. and
Commentary by David Godman, Avadhuta Foundation, Boulder,
Colorado, USA.)

Arunachala Siva.