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Messages - Subramanian.R

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General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 09:47:04 AM »
Verse  8:

எரியன மணிமுடி யிலங்கைக் கோன்தன
கரியன தடக்கைகள் அடர்த்த காலினர்
அரியவர் வளநகர் அம்பர் இன்பொடு
புரியவர் பிரிவிலாப் பூதஞ் சூழவே.

Siva crushed with his leg the big and black arms of the King of Lanka who wore a crown set with precious stones shining like fire. He enters with pleasure into the fertile city of Ambar where people of rare qualities dwell, to be surrounded by the Bhutas which never leave him.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 09:43:42 AM »
Verse  7:

இகலுறு சுடரெரி யிலங்க வீசியே
பகலிடம் பலிகொளப் பாடி யாடுவர்
அகலிட மலிபுகழ் அம்பர் வம்பவிழ்
புகலிட நெடுநகர் புகுவர் போலுமே.

Siva swinging the arms to make the bright fire of great strength to shine better,
will dance singing to receive alms in the daytime. He will enter into the long city of Ambar where fragrance spreads and which has fame which has spread throughout the world, as his dwelling.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 09:39:43 AM »
Verse  6:

கழல்வளர் காலினர் சுடர்கை மல்கவோர்
சுழல்வளர் குளிர்புனல் சூடி யாடுவர்
அழல்வளர் மறையவர் அம்பர்ப் பைம்பொழில்
நிழல்வளர் நெடுநகர் இடம தென்பரே.

Siva wears on his leg Kazhal, an ornament denoting valor.  He will dance wearing on his head a cool water in which eddies are increasing, and the fire in the hand to increase in heat. People say that the long city of Ambar where Brahmins who maintain the sacrificial fires live, and has verdant gardens of cool shade, is his place.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 09:36:05 AM »
Verse  5:

சங்கணி குழையினர் சாமம் பாடுவர்
வெங்கனல் கனல்தர வீசி யாடுவர்
அங்கணி விழவமர் அம்பர் மாநகர்ச்
செங்கணல் இறைசெய்த கோயில் சேர்வரே.

Siva wears a men's ear-ring made of conch, will chant the Sāma Vēda with music,
will dance swinging the shoulders, the hot fire to spread its flames. Siva will reside in the temple built by King Cheṅkaṇāṉ in the great city of Ambar where beautiful festivals are celebrated.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 08:57:30 AM »
Verse  4:

இரவுமல் கிளமதி சூடி யீடுயர்
பரவமல் கருமறை பாடி யாடுவர்
அரவமோ டுயர்செம்மல் அம்பர்க் கொம்பலர்
மரவமல் கெழினகர் மருவி வாழ்வரே.

Wearing on the head a crescent moon which increases in brightness at night,
Siva will dance singing the abstruse Vēdas which always increases in merit in praising his greatness, and has no equal or superior to them. He will dwell being accustomed, in the eminent Ambar which is great by its bustle and beautiful gardens where the common Kadamba has flowers in its branches.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 08:53:12 AM »
Verse 3:

மறைபுனை பாடலர் சுடர்கை மல்கவோர்
பிறைபுனை சடைமுடி பெயர ஆடுவர்
அறைபுன னிறைவயல் அம்பர் மாநகர்
இறைபுனை யெழில்வளர் இடம தென்பரே.

Siva sings the Vedas with music will dance, for the matted locks coiled into a crown which is adorned with a crescent moon to move, and the fire in the hand to increase in heat. People say that the great city of Ambar which has fields full of water making a sound, is the place of Siva, built by Chozha Cheṅkaṇāṉ, which increases in artificial beauty.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 08:49:22 AM »
Verse  2:

மையகண் மலைமகள் பாக மாயிருள்
கையதோர் கனலெரி கனல ஆடுவர்
ஐயநன் பொருபுனல் அம்பர்ச் செம்பியர்
செய்யகண் ணிறைசெய்த கோயில் சேர்வரே.

Having as a half the daughter of the mountain who has coated her eyes with eye-salve
Siva, will dance in the night, the burning fire in the hand to spread flames. He exists in the temple built by the Chōzha Cheṅkaṇāṉ in Ambar which has beautiful water that erodes the banks. (Chempiyar: another name for Chozha.)

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 08:46:02 AM »
Tiru Ambar Perum Thiruk Kovil:

Verse 1:

எரிதர அனல்கையில் ஏந்தி யெல்லியில்
நரிதிரி கானிடை நட்டம் ஆடுவர்
அரிசிலம் பொருபுனல் அம்பர் மாநகர்க்
குரிசில்செங் கண்ணவன் கோயில் சேர்வரே.

Holding in the hand a fire which is burning, Siva will dance in the cremation-ground where foxes roam about at night. He exists in the temple built by the illustrious chief Chen Kaṇṇavaṉ in the great city of Ambar where the water of river Arisil dashes against the banks.

Arunachala Siva.

Verse  183:

The behavior of worldly society is like the antics of an actor in a masquerade; they are like people who consume poison and find it tasty, or like the prisoners who enjoy being in chains. Those who have renounced will have nothing do with this mentality, avoiding it like the plague.  They have died whilst still in the body.  Thus do they conduct themselves.

Verse 184:

To invite those who have gone beyond the nada tattva to one's house and so forth is to be like a hari (frog) who calls out to Hari (Vishnu), who dwells in the Ocean of Milk
saying 'come and join me!' To the jnani, the ajnani will appear as do the people of earth to those who traverse the heavens about the summit of golden Meru.

As mentioned previously nada tattva is synonymous with Siva tattva. It is the highest of the tattvas, and the one from which all the other 35 originate.  See also verses
32,39, 48 and elsewhere. 

There is a play on the word ari, Sanskrit hari, which is a name of Lord Vishnu and can also mean a frog.  In the text, the author uses another Sanskrit word, manduka, for frog, assuming presumably that his Sanskrit word, manduka, for frog, assuming presumably that in Sanskrit educated readership will make the connection.  Just as the frog erroneously assumes that Vishnu is a frog like itself on account of his name, the ajnani falsely assumes a kinship with the jnani since they are both men and ostensibly the same as each other.

Mount Meru is a fabulous mountain said to be situated in the center of the earth. It is also used in Yoga as a metaphor for the six chakras - energy centers of the body. See verse 1, note 6.  To someone flying high above a mountain, the people of the earth will be indiscernible, just as, in the enlightened perspective of someone who has transcended the thirty six tattvas, there will be no longer any individual Jivas for him to interact with.               


Arunachala Siva.                 

Verse 182:

For those who are free of discriminating awareness, in which pain ever alternates with pleasure, is any place different from any other?  Everywhere is the temple of Lord Siva.
To appease their hunger, there are alms.  (To provide shelter and quench their thirst),
there are public places and water sources. It will not even occur to them to speak of such things.  Their only desire is to dwell in total solitude.   

tikku unto means literally - are there any directions?  tikku means region, quarter; point of compass, direction.  Here it is used in the general sense of any one place, as opposed to any other, as reflected in the translation. 

The word akkini, Sanskrit agni - fire used to mean hunger.  As noted previously, in relation to Verse 124, in Indian medicinal systems such as Ayurveda, the element fire,
personified in the god Agni, is seen as the force at work in the process of digestion,
causing food to be broken down and consumed.  Here akkini - fire is used as a synonym for hunger.


Arunachala Siva.

Verse 180:

Those who renounce will leave swiftly, like a thief whom someone has released from his bonds and set free, like people who run away in fear from a ghost in the dark, or from a battlefield, or like those who escape with their lives from a pursuing army which is trying to kill them.

Verse 181:

Will those who are not even aware of what they are wearing know the difference between the town and the forest?  Possessed by the demon of the Self, will they know
anyone, whether relatives and friends, or complete strangers?  For those who have let go of everything, just as people will immediately drop anything red hot placed in their hands, is there any point in their continuing to live where they lived formerly?

To someone living in society and conforming to its rules, the outlandish appearance and behavior of the renunciant may make him seem like a demon.  In other words,
he will seem mad, or possessed, but this only the misconception of those who fail to realize that the 'madness' which possess him is only his true realization of the illusory nature of the world.


Arunachala Siva.     

Verse  179:

Were someone to wake up in the night, find himself surrounded by fire, or under attack from a great army, and make a dash for the courtyard of his house, would he hesitate for a second, even if someone shouted 'stop'?  That would be the action of a madman. The nature of those who do not renounce household life is not other than this.

One who sees the world as it truly is will not give up on his decision to renounce, even if members of his household and others beg him to do so, just as no one in his right mind would stop in the act if fleeing a burning house, simply because someone told him to do so,.     


Arunachala Siva.

Verse  178:

The renunciant will leave (his home and family) without any warning, just as cuckoo,
which has been reared with crows, will suddenly fly off.  Like Karna (who was unaware
of his true parentage), will he have any awareness of his social identity?  Know that such a one will also be the teacher for others who strive to cut off birth.

The Tamizh word for cuckoo here is kuyil, the Indian cuckoo, Cuculus Micropterus.
Like the other members of the cuckoo family it is a broad parasite, laying its single egg mostly in the nests of drongos and crows.  The sense here is that the fledgling cuckoo will leave the host nest before other crows or dongos hear its distinctive call and attack it, just as the earnest renunciant will leave the family home without speaking to anyone, for fear of his family members may attempt to prevent him from leaving.

Karna is an important character in the Mahabharata.  He was the divinely born son of the solar deity Surya and Kunti, before her marriage to Pandu. She abandoned him, setting him afloat in a basket on a tributary of the river Ganga, and he was found and raised by Adiratha, the chief charioteer of King Dhritasasthra, and he was thus came to fight against the Pandavas in the battle of Kurukshetra.  The key point here is that he was raised not knowing his true parentage, just as the renunciant, on realizing the illusory nature of the world and renouncing it, loses all attachment to parents, family,
caste etc.,  See also verse 78, where the disciples's willingness to abandon the ego is compared to Karna's legendary generosity.


Arunachala Siva.                     

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 24, 2017, 11:47:54 AM »
Verse  11:

மைந்தன திடம்வைகல் மாடக் கோயிலைச்
சந்தமர் பொழிலணி சண்பை ஞானசம்
பந்தன தமிழ்கெழு பாடல் பத்திவை
சிந்தைசெய் பவர்சிவ லோகஞ் சேர்வரே.

About the Mādakkōyil in Vaikal which is the abode of the strong Siva, those who meditate upon the ten verses of Tamizh composed by Jnana Sambandhan of Saṇpai (Sirkāzhi) which is made beautiful by sandal wood gardens, will reach Sivalōkam after death.

Padigam on Tiru Vaigal Madakkovil completed.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 24, 2017, 11:41:47 AM »
Verse  10:

கடுவுடை வாயினர் கஞ்சி வாயினர்
பிடகுரை பேணிலார் பேணு கோயிலாம்
மடமுடை யவர்பயில் வைகல் மாநகர்
வடமலை யனையநன் மாடக் கோயிலே.

The beautiful Mādakkōyil which is situated in the big city of Vaikal and which is like the Meru mountain in the north and where ladies who possess the quality of artlessness are crowding, is the temple which is cherished with love by the devotees of Siva who do not hold in esteem the teachings of the Piṭakam Buddhist scriptures and the words of Jains who respectively drink gruel and have in their mouths galnut powder.

Arunachala Siva.

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