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Messages - Subramanian.R

Dear srkudai,

Sri Ramakrishana's stories are superb.  The jackfruit story and
the girls spinning round the pillar are both from Him.  I still
remember His comment about scriptures.  When someone asked
Sri RK whether He had read Panchadasi, He said:  I do not
know all those.  I only know my Mother and what she tells me!
There is a book in Tamil, (must be in other languages) describing
Sri RK's various short stories.

Arunachala Siva.

The next composition, also sung in Chidambaram, is called
Tirut Thol Nokkam, that is Looking at the great shoulders of Siva!
Muruganar's Tiru Thol Nokkam, in Sri Ramana Sannidhi Murai,
is also equally ecstatic!  This is a song of only 14 verses, perhaps
6 verses were lost in time.

One song runs like this:

"He considered all the prayers with a lot of worldly delicacies
     (like flowers, sandal paste, honey, milk, fruits)
Worthless and took the footwear, water from the mouth,
     and the roased flesh*
He loved them and graced the hunter, with all his heart,
O let us sing that Siva, let us sing his glorious shoulders!

(*This is a reference to Hunter Kannappa of Sri Kalahasti.  Saint
Manikkavachagar has immense respect for Kannappa and mentions
about his love in many songs of Tiruvachakam.)

Another song runs like this:

"O he was a harmless devotee, worshipper of Siva,
He is a faultless brahmin, he severed the legs of his father*
He was graced by Siva, and adored by all devas,
let us hold on to his feet, let us sing the glorious shoulders of Siva.

(* This is the story of Chandikesvara Nayanar, who is even today
    is the guard of all Siva temples, to whom we go and clap our
    hands after worshipping Siva, to tell the former that we have
    done our daily worship.  He was a young brahmin, who was
    given the work of grazing the cows.  He went to the riverbed,
    made a Siva lingam out of sands and did pooja and abhishekam,
    with the milk of these cows.  One day his father went behind
    him and finding that his son is 'wasting' cows milk for his worship,
    hit him hard on his back and toppled the milk pots.  Chandikesvara
    looked back in anger.  He took the stick nearby, which became an
    axe and severed his father's legs for the Siva-apachara.  God
    appeared and took him to His abode.)

Arunachala Siva.

Then comes the famous, Tiru Undiyar, the compositon of twenty
verses, called the "Game of Undipara."  Unidpara, is a game of
young girls, where they stand on their toes, and give a posture
as if they are jumping, and sing songs.  This composition speaks
about the Victory of Jnana.  When Muruganar composed about
the story of Siva, vanquishing the sages of Dharuka forest, who
believed that only Karma will confer liberation, he requested Bhagavan
Ramana to compose the last thirty verses as Siva speaking about
the glory of Jnana to the sages.  This was done by Bhagavan in
the same metre as Manikkavachagar's and this came to be
called the famous Upadesa Undiyar, the Upadesa Saram.  The
metre is called Kalit Thazhisai in Tamil, a song of three lines.
I have already promised to srkudai to post some translations of
Upadesa Saram, on the lines of the commentary by Sri Sadhu Om
and T.R. Kanakammmal, which I hope to do early.

In Tiru Undiyar, one song runs like this:

O how come Vishnu, who took the preliminary prasad* of the sacrifice
Was left unhurt and not killed by Siva?
It is a wonder, because he is the father of Brahma?**

(* preliminary sacrifice is havir bagha, which is given to priests
     before the commencement of yaga. 
  ** Vishnu was left because he is the father of Brahma, and
     Siva did not want to hurt both father and son!  Further
      Vishnu had plucked one eye of him, in lieu of a rose, and
      prayed to Siva, earlier!)

Another song runs like this:

He hurt the nose of Sarasvati, he snapped one of the heads
    of Brahma
He smashed the face of Soma, the moon,
Why?  It is all to belittle and vanquish their egos!

Another song runs like this:

He saw the demon, whose chariot was stopped  and who
  came to life the Kailas!
He smashed  two times, five heads each!
He smashed two time, five hands each!
(All to vanquish his fattened ego!)

This about Ravana.   
Arunachala Siva.

There is one more composition of 20 verses under the title,
Tirup Poovalli, meaning "Plucking flowers for Siva."

One song runs like this:

He has shown the love that is greater than a mother's,
We are all futile, worse than the lowly dogs,
He has vanquished our births and he has ruled us,
He has thrown mud at our karmas, let us pluck flowers for him!

Another one runs like this:

He sat under the great banyan tree, which was in the north,
He taught the great sages and they along with all the devas,
Sing his glory everyday, let us sing his golden feet,
Let us pluck the "konrai" flowers with golden dust, let us pluck
  these flowers!     

Another runs like this:

He came in a horseback, entered Madurai and blessed me,
He has the effulgence which blinded the king, he is from
                   Tirup Perundurai,
He came as our ruler, we shall do odd jobs for him,
Let us sing his lotus feet, let us pluck flowers!

Arunachala Siva.

The next composition of twenty verses is called Tiru Chazhal.
"Faulting Siva!"  Chazhal means in classic Tamil, finding fault or
scolding.  This was composed when the saint was in Chidambaram.
Here the girls form two groups.  One group scolds Siva, pointing
out his funny and "lowly" characteristics.  The other group adores
him, with the same characteristics.  This is a wonderful piece,
not having any comparison in Tamil literature.  Muruganar has
composed one on Bhagavan Ramana.  I shall give a few translations
of Muruganar's poem later.

One sung runs like this:

O girls!  His temple is the burial ground; his dress is made up of
 the killed tiger!
He has no father, he has no mother, he is a lonely destitute!


O girls! Do not think that he has no father and mother and he
    is a destitute!
Beware, even if he has no father nor mother, (to support)
   if he gets angry, the whole universe will get burnt into
    powdered stones and ashes!

Another one runs like this:

O girls, he is a mad  chap, who stood as a column of fire,
whose feet and head could not be fathomed by Vishnu and Brahma!   


Beware, if he has not stood like that from nether world to the
    heavens and beyond as a column of fire,
How can Vishnu and Brahma leave their intellect and egoity?

(Bhagavan Ramana has said, Vishnu represents intellect
   and Brahma, the egoism.) 

Arunachala Siva.

He sings about his union with Siva, in Chidambaram, that is Thillai,
in another 20 verses called Tiru Thellenam.  Thellenam is what we
call as 'Kummi' a type of song, which is sung while the young girls
come round and round clapping their hands.  Satyamangalam
Venkatramaiar has sung one Kummi, in Sri Ramana Stutui Panchakam.
Bhagavan Ramana's Upadesa Saram in Malayalam is in the form
of Kummi!

One song runs like this:

His feet could not be searched even by Vishnu who went under
the earth as a boar!
To under His Form, He came as a Brahmin and took hold of us!
He has no name, he has no form, but he is sung with
    1000 names!
Let us sing His name and play this Thellenam!

Another one runs like this:

Even if the rains fail and the lands become dry!
Even if the earth, fire and water dry up,
He will not be lost, he never withers, be he does not know his greatness!
Let my body wither, let my soul wither, let my mind die!
I shall sing the death of 'I' in me, let us play Thellenam!

Arunachala Siva.     

Saint Manikkavachagar continues his songs in Chidambaram or
Thillai.  Here, is Tiruk Kothumbi, Sending the King Bee as a messenger
to Siva.  It consists of 20 verses.

The girl pines for her lover Siva, and sends the bee.

One song runs like this:

"Even after seeing Hunter Kannappa's incomparable love,
 If he has taken my love also into account, it shows his grace!
 He took over me, ruled me, he called me to his ornamental abode,
 He is the bliss of nectar, the wearer of Holy Ash , O Bee go and tell him!

Another one runs like this:

"He made to me to forget my wealth, women, children and caste
    and my learning!
  He made to forget this mad world that thinks of only birth and death!
  He made my Heart pure from all impurities and blemishes
  He is the juggler and king of devas, O Bee go and tell him!

Arunachala Siva. 

Dear Dr. Raju,

Yes. Krishna Bhikshu, in Sri Ramana Leela says that Bhagavan
Ramana began where Jana Sambandha had left.  He is an
avatara of Jnana Sambandha as per Sri Ramana Gita of Kavyakanata
Ganapati Sastri.  Arunachala Akshara Manamalai is in Nayaki-
Nayaka Bhava.

Arunachala Siva.

Dear Dr. Raju,

I have read this story of Ramadas.  Is it in Bhakta Vijayam?

Arunachala Siva.

The saint moved from Madurai, to various places of pilgrimage, as
mentioned above.  He sang a series of songs, about 10, thinking
himself as a maid and preparing several things for the bath of Siva,
and then sending cuckoo and other beings as messengers to Siva,
to inform his love for Him.

One such song is Tirup Porchunnam, a decad describing the pounding
of nice bathing powder for Siva's bath!  The bathing powder consists
of gold spangles, turmeric, sandalwood, kasturi, and what not?

One song runs like this:

We shall have a stone pit, bigger than this world!
And a thistle bigger than the straightened rainbow!
All devotees are offering to do the work of thistling!
All the world is waiting to see our work!
He is the One who takes care of the welfare of His devotees!
He is the One who gives his flowery feet for us to wear!
He is the son-in-law of the Mountain*
We shall sing and sing and thistle the Por Chunnam!

(* Son in law of Himavavan, Parvati's father!)

Another song is like this:

We shall take bath and wear the Holy Ash!
We shall spread the golden spangles all over our house!
We shall plant Karpaga trees in front of the house as a sign!
We shall hoist the flag of Effulgence as a mark of celebration!
He is the King of devas, he is the god of Brahma,
He is the protector of Vishnu on the sea bed!
He is the father of Great Velan*
He is going to rule us, he is our husband!
We shall thistle the Por Chunnam for his holy bath!

These were sung in Chidambaram, called Thillai.

Arunacahla Siva.

The other composition is Tiruvammanai, sung also in Tiruvannamalai.
This again explains the bliss of Siva and his 'body'.  Muruganar
has also composed Sri Ramana Tiruvammanai.

As told earlier, the ammanai, is a play by girl children, keeping stone
peebles or hard seeds and flinging them in front of them, up  and down.

This composition is also of 20 songs.  One song runs like this:

" I shall wear the bunch of Konrai flowers
And then embrace the mighty shoulders of Siva and then
    go into a trance!
   I shall quarrel with Him and then ask for His ruby red lips
    and the nectar oozing out from there!
I shall search for Him, melt in my Self and contemplate His feet!
I shall become tired after sex, and then ask for more!
I shall play Ammanai, singing the glory of His fire-bearing hand
   and dancing feet!

The 20th song runs like this:

I had Siva, who is rare to be had, the king of Tirup Perundurai!
He came on the royal horse, blessed the devotees.
After removing the defects of them, and then taking into account
   only their good deeds,
He shall take us, cut the knots of relatives and all that crap!
He shall snap the three handcuffs*
We shall only hold on to Him, the Primordial Connection,
And play Ammanai, with a bliss that cannot be described! 

(* The cuffs of ego, karma and maya)   

Arunachala Siva.

The first of the two compositions sung in Tiruvannamalai was
Tiruvembavai.  It is the early morning song, before bath, when
each maiden wakes up another and then all go for a river bath.
It is the early morning, before the redness of dawn appears on the
eastern sky.   This song is full of praise on Siva's Feet.  This reminds
of Muruganar's Pada Malai.  The feet always represent the Sivahood.

One song runs like this:

Your flowery feet go beyond the seven nether worlds.  Vishnu as
a boar failed to reach them!  These are beyond any words.  But
they remain at my head ever present and easy to reach!  This is
to where all the Vedas fail to fathom and are beyond reach.  They
say that Brahma and Vishnu and all devas and all the brahmins in the
world daily pray to these feet.  But these are available to us in
Tiruvannamalai temple.  He is our 'man' in the temple.  He is the
'boy' in our temple.  Blemishless and our petboy!  Who is His name?
What is His town? Who is His close relative?  Who is far away from Him?  What are the ways to sing His glory?

One another song in Tiruvembavai, runs like this:

"He is Annamalai!  The devas in countless numbers come and prostrate  Him.  The rubies on their crowns have lost their redness near His
ruby feet!  How is this?  It is like, stars losing their lustre, at the
red dawn before the sunrise!  He is a woman, he is a man, he is a neuter, he is the Space, he is the earth, He is not any of these but something
different!  His feet are Nectar for our eyes.  O girls!  Please drown
in the river waters joyfully and sing, drown in such a way that the
cool waters in the tanks of Tiruvannamalai, further inflate your breasts which are already brimming with bliss!

The 20th song in the composition is a diamond.  It runs like this:

Glory to His primordial flowers like feet!
Glory to His endless flowers like feet!
Glory to His golden feet, which cause the beginning of the lives!
Glory to His golden flowery feet, which is the Bliss for all lives!
Glory to His golden feet which are the Abode of all lives!
Glory to His lotus feet, which are yet to be seen by Brahma and Vishnu!
Glory to His golden feet, which is ruling and taking in the end, all the lives!
Glory to His feet, let us bathe in this cool Margazhi morning!

The Tiruvembavai songs were being sung in the Asram at around 4 am,
when Bhagavan and all the devotees finish their bath and sit in the
Old Hall.  This practice even today continues in the Margazhi months.
Bhagavan Ramana used to sit and listen to these songs in a state
of all pervading Grace!

Sri Kanchi Kamakoti Chandrasekara Sarasvati was the  one who
was responsible for spreading Tiruppavai and Tiruvembavai, singing
the glory of Vishnu and Siva, amongst all young boys and girls in
Tamil Nadu.  He distributed the small books of these songs free of charge
in all places.

Arunachala Siva.

Dear Matthias,

Please pursue.  Give a fright to that fear of losing mind or death.
The fear will run away.  Be angry with anger, anger will run away.

Arunachala Siva.

Dear Matthias,

Looking at Bhagavan Ramana's photo intently with love and devotion,
is itself a sadhana, that cleanses the non-self and the subjective
experiences.  There is one photograph of Him, taken during the time
of Virupaksha Cave, when He was just 21.  He had written down
answers to Siva Prakasam Pillai at that time and that is Who am I?
Look at His eyes in that photograph, the eyes that gives you "Peace,
that passeth understanding!"   

Arunachala Siva.

Saint Manikkavachagar then went on pilgrimage to several Siva
temples in Tamil Nadu.  The entire Tiruvachakam is his description
of Siva's glory in various temples.   He wrote 51 songs under
Tiruvachakam, covering 7 places of his visit.  These places are:

1. Tirup Perundurai - in Ramanathapuram distrcit.
2. Thillai - Chidambaram - in Cuddalore district.
3. Thirut Tonipuram or Sirkazhi - in Thanjavur district.
4. Tiru Aroor - in Nagapattinam district.
5. Tiruvannamalai - in Tiruvannamalai district.
6. Tiruk Kazhu Kundram - in Kanchipuram district.
7. Uttarakosa Mangai - in Ramanathapuram district. 

His songs are in Nayaki-Nayaka bhava, treating him as a woman
pining with love of her paramour, Siva.  While Jana Sambandhar
spoke in pitru-bhava, like a son to father, Tiru Navukkarasar,
spoke in putra-bhava, like a father to son and Sundramoorthy
Swami, in sahodara-bhava, like a friend to a friend.  The songs
of Manikkavachagar are full of 'bhavas', and these would melt
one's heart.  His other poem of Tiru Chitrambala Kovaiyar, will
put even Kama Sutra into shame!  This poem of 400 verses,
is full of love exploits between a girl and a man! 

Saint Manikkavachagar meets Siva as an old Brahmin Guru, in
Tiruk Kazhu Kundram.  This is the third appearance of Siva to him.
He had seen him as Effulgence in Uttara Kosa Mangai, as a Siva
linga in Tirup Perundurai and as a Brahmin guru in Tiruk Kazhu

Saint Manikkavachagar has sung two compositions in Tiruvannamalai.
These are early morning songs as sung by maidens in the winter month
of Margazhi, December-January,   These maidens get up early and
go for bath in the river and each one wakes up the other from sleep.
They all go and take bath and pray to Siva, to get suitable Siva devotees
as their husbands!  Only Manikkavachagar wants Siva Himself as
his husband.  These two compositions are called:

Tiruvembavai -  Wake up song
Tiruvammanai - Playing with small pebbles or seeds by throwing them
                               up and catching.

Arunachala Siva.