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Translations and Commentaries by Forum Members / Vallimalai Tiruppugazh
« on: November 23, 2008, 12:08:35 PM »
Vallimalai, is the village, where the hunter-girl, Valli was residing,
helping her father in the millet fields.  There are a few songs on
Skanda of this village.

The verse reads as under:

I am toiling in this family life, with wife and children and getting
   happy about the cuckoo-like words,
I am thinking about my caste, my wealth and am deluded without
   understanding what is the purport of my Guru's words,
In the meantime, I grow old, disease ridden and miseries multiply,
There will be a day when they would place my body on fire, when
  can I contemplate on your golden feet?
She was guarding the millet fields on the northern village of Vallimalai,
   and you went there with your peacock,
You praised the feet of Valli, and guarded Vallimalai wtih her as
    her husband,
Please forgive my sins of yesteryears, and grace me and give me
    strength to praise you!
I praise your feet, and your crown with lilies, and you are ever
    guarding the devotees, O my Master!

(Source: Tiruppugazh, Arunagiri Natha, Tamil Verses. Tiruppugazh
Devotees' Group, New Delhi.  Prose rendering mine.)

Arunachala Siva. 

Translations and Commentaries by Forum Members / Tiru Padai Ezhucchi
« on: November 23, 2008, 11:55:31 AM »
Tiru Padai Ezhucchi, or the Song of the Rising Holy Army, is having only
two verses, in Tiruvachakam of Manikkavachagar. There must have
been 10 verses but due to our misfortune, eight verses have been lost
for the posterity.

These two verses explain the war with Maya, for which a holy army
is raised.  The commentary of Tiruvachakam describes it as a holy
war in the universe, the mother of all wars!  This was sung in Thillai,

Verse 1 reads as under:

O let us beat the drums and let their sounds resound for the
  welfare of our Brahmin, Siva, who is having a sword of Jnana!
Let us spread the white moon-like royal umbrella for the
   welfare of our Brahmin, Siva, who is mounting on a big bull!
Let us go fast and have the arrow-proof coat of the Holy Ashes!
Let us take charge of the Sivaloka, by conquering the army of Maya!

Verse 2 reads as under:

Let the servitors* go first raising dust-storm on the way,
   let the devotees go on all sides of them,
Let the yogis** go as a mid-army, the central force!
   let the siddhas*** go as a back-up batallion,
Let us take charge of the Sivaloka, by conquering the troublesome
            enemy forces!

(Source: Tiruvachakam, Manikkavachagar, Tamil Verses.  Saiva
Siddhanta Book Publishing House, Chennai.)

Arunachala Siva.           

The teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi / Re: Upadesha Saram
« on: November 23, 2008, 11:32:36 AM »
Dear srkudai,

For the sincere seekers, which most of us are, the Self in the Heart
Centre, is experienced. So there is an Experiencer, the individual
soul and the experience, the Self.  When  self enquiry is complete,
then the individual soul merges into the Self, and it is Self realization.
Thereafter, there is no experiencer, the individual soul and there is
only the Experience, the Self. 

When some one wanted to know from Bhagavan Ramana, "What is
the difference between jnani and ajnani, Bhagavan Ramana replied
humourously, that there is no jnani or ajnani and there is only

Jnani  - the Experienced.
Ajnani - the Experiencer. (of worldly pleasures and then on
                                     maturity, the Self within.)
Jnanam - the Experience!

Again, when someone asked  how Jnani can explain his Experience,
Bhagavan Ramana said:

The Jnani cannot explain anthing to anyone.  Because there is nothing
apart from him!

The Ajnani cannot understand because he does not have experience
             to understand.

Hence there is only Jnanam and one should understand it within.

Saint Tayumanavar has also sung:

If it becomes That, what can it say, because it is only That!

(Adhvanal, adhuvahum, adhu enna sollum?)

Arunachala Siva.

The teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi / Sivananada Lahari - 6
« on: November 23, 2008, 11:16:36 AM »
Verses 11 and 91 of Sivananda Lahari, that is, the verses 9 and 10
of Bhagavan Ramana's selection of 10 verses can be seen now.

Verse 11 reads as under:

Let one be a brahmachari, (celibate), gruhasta, (householder),
vanaprasta, (forest-dweller) or a sannyasi, (ascetic), or EVEN
BEYOND ALL THESE, (ati-varanasrami, like Bhagavan Ramana),
it does not matter. Paramasiva, what is the use of all these asramas?
Pasupati! if one's heart is at your behest, then you become one
at his behest!  And you carry the heavy burden of his birth!

(This verse is important in more than one respect.  First, Bhagavan
Ramana has always advised his devotees, not to worry about the
'asrama', the stage of life in which they are placed, but renounce the
ego and constantly do self enquiry.  First, Bhagavan Himself was an
ati-varnamsrami, beyond all four stages, and hence He had all the
qualifiication to advise about not worrying about one's asrama.  Sri
Sankara says that one whose heart is at the behest of Siva, that is
total self-surrender, Siva carries all the burden of such a devotee.
This again, what Ramana always advised about devotees who complained
about one problem or the other and seeking relief through Bhagavan

Verse 91 reads as under:

This is the epitome of Sivananda Lahari and Bhagavan Ramana has
chosen this as the last of the 10 verses, recommended by Him.

O Siva, with crescent moon on the head!  The darkness of ignorance
that was once renting my Heart is now cleared through your Grace,
and there is light everywhere.  The wisdom that removes the knot
of the heart, has come to stay permanently in the Heart. Your lotus
feet  bestows, not only worldly riches but also the sublime
liberation.  Let me always contemplate on that lotus feet.

Arunachala Siva.   

The teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi / Sivananada Lahari - 5
« on: November 23, 2008, 10:57:07 AM »
We shall today see the Verses 12 and 9 of Sivananda Lahari of Sri
Sankara, the verses 7 and 8, in the group of ten verses selected
by Bhagavan Ramana.

Verse 12 reads as under:

Even, if one resides in a cave or a house, outside or inside, forest or the hills, in water or in fire, what does it matter?  If one can always keep
his mind at the feet of Siva permanently, that alone is adequate for
salvation.  This is the yoga.  He is the supreme yogi.  He shall get
bliss that passeth understanding.

(This verse particularly refers to Bhagavan Ramana's advice to his
devotees, that the true renunciation is renunciation of the ego and
not living in forests and caves, embracing sannyasa etc., This has also
been brought out in Sad Darsanam.)

Versse 9 reads as under:

Let not the man of dull intellect go in search for flowers in deep valleys,
uninhabitated thick dangerous jungles and broad ranges of hills. O
consort of Parvati, when one can give the lotus of his heart with total
devotion to you, without roaming here and there, and steadily sitting
in a particular place, is it not more than adequate for you?  Why
people do not understand this?  It is a wonder!

(Bhagavan Ramana has also told a number of times, flowers, fruits/
snacks offerings to Him, circumambulation of the old hall etc., etc.,
are not necessary.  If one could constantly contemplate on the Self
within, that is the highest  karma, bhakti, yoga and jnana.  This is
available in Verse 10 of Upadesa Saram.)

Arunachala Siva.     


The teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi / Miracles Do Happen
« on: November 23, 2008, 10:41:37 AM »
When Mother Azhagamma came to Bhagavan Ramana for good,
she has to be "trained" in many ways by Bhagavan Ramana, to make
her fit for liberation.  For external vasanas, various desires for food items
had to be removed.  Bhagavan Ramana used to chide her, whenever
she wanted greens of a particular variety from Akhilandamma.  He had
said:  If you want all these things, beter go back to Madurai. Again,
Mother Azhagamma had internal vasanas like uppercaste-lower caste
complexes, her clothes, vessels  should not be touched by low caste
people, not eating after a low caste person had eaten the food, etc.,
Bhagavan Ramana cleaned up all these 'ego' related internal desires.
He made fun of her for the casteism, and once said:  O Amma, Kunju
Swami had by mistake touched your drying clothes.  Please soak it
again in water and you also take bath!" 

Finally, Bhagavan Ramana wanted her ego that " Venkataraman is after
all her son", to be removed.  He wanted to show her that He is Siva,
owned by every devotee, not merely by His mother, because Siva is
as Manikkavachagar said, " without a father and without a mother,
and all alone".   One day, when Mother Azhagamma was looking at
her son, Bhagavan Ramana suddenly disappeared and in His place
the Siva Linga of Tiruchuzhi Temple, Sri Bhuminathesvara, appeared.
Mother was bewildered, she wiped her eyes and saw once again and
again Siva appeared.  She became nervous and afraid, and she
decided that her son is Siva Himself, not merely her own son, Venkataraman!

Arunachala Siva. 

The teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi / Sri Ramana Vaibhavam
« on: November 22, 2008, 02:50:22 PM »
Sri Ramana Vaibhavam, is a composition of 10 verses by Muruganar,
in Sri Ramana Sannidhi Murai.  This is one of the few additional
composition of Murugnar, not modelled on Tiruvachakam, but modelled
on Tevaram and other Saiva compositions.

Verse 3 reads as under:

He gazes at me and removed my delusions,
His eyes are like Siva's who has got a third eye on the forehead,
He is like Siva, with a blue throat of poison, that came from the ocean,
He is like Siva, who pressed his toe on the shoulders of Ravana,
Who tried to lift the Himalayas, his wife Uma's house, and then
       graced him.
He is like Siva, the waterfalls which resound on the Hills,
And which descends to my Heart to wash away my sins,
He is Ramana, the waterfalls of the Hills!

Verse 10 reads like this:

Through the nine gates of my body, the soul suffers,
Like a punctured pot wherefrom the water leaks,
He came to save my sould, he taught the right way for me,
He is the Substance beyond Vedas of this world,
He is without happiness and misery, he is my Lord, my Master!
Always conferring good for the devotees who seek,
His golden feet are my refuge, there is no refuge beyond this,
He is Siva of penance, he is the Master, he is my only Master!

(Source: Sri Ramana Sannidhi Murai, Muruganar, Tamil Verses.
1998 edition. Sri Ramansramam, Tiruvannamalai. Translation
and Prose rendering, my own.)

Arunachala Siva.           

Translations and Commentaries by Forum Members / Kadhirgamam Tiruppugazh
« on: November 22, 2008, 02:31:31 PM »
Kadirgamam, is in Sri Lanka.  There, there is a cave and inside the
cave, buddhists priests pray in front of a screen, raise arti and then
show the arti to the hills nearby also.  Skanda is said to reside as
'Formless' behind the screen.  In old Tamil literature, Kadhirgamam,
does not find a place, as one of the six abodes of Skanda.  In
Tirumurgatrupadai, the oldest available poem on Muruga by  Poet
Nakkirar, mentions the Hills near Madurai, as Pazha Mudhir Solai,
and calls the temple within that temple, as one of the six abodes of
Muruga.  Pazha Mudhir Solai means "a mountain grove with ripe fruits."
Today, in that Hills near Madurai, there is a Vishnu Temple!  The same
is also told of Tirupati Temple. Later, Arunagiri Natha separately mentions
Kadhirgamam of Sri Lanka.

The song reads as under:

I need garments to wear, I need to quench my thirst and hunger,
Heavy drinks and sumptuous food, I need bright ornaments for wearing,
I need medicines to cure my diseases, a house to reside in,
And a woman to have conjugal bliss, after getting all these,
I live in this deluded ocean of life, raise a big family and die!

When are you giving your grace?
When can I get Siva Jnana Bodham?
When can I get out of this revolving mountain of birth?

"Let some go to the West, let some to go to the North,
let some others go to the East," after saying this,
He looked at me  and I knew I have to go to the South.

Thus Maruti rushed towards the South, without telling,
He went into the grove in Sri Lanka and met the queen,
He gave the ring and took her ornament of the lock,
And came to You to thank you and bless him,*
O Muruga of Kadhirgamam, please bless me and grace me!

(* Arunagiri Natha says, that Maruti went to Kadirgamam, to
thank Muruga and seek His further blessings for the fights
that ensued between him and the army of Ravana and also for
his safe return to Kishkinta!)

(Source:  Tiruppugazh, Arunagiri Natha, Tamil Verses.  Tiruppugazh
Devotees' Group, New Delhi.)

Arunachala Siva.     

Translations and Commentaries by Forum Members / Skandar Andati
« on: November 22, 2008, 02:11:15 PM »
We shall see the Verse 84 of Skandar Andati.

Siva-siva-sam-kara, You have the Spear, conferred by Uma,
        the concorporate of Sankara, and you went to the millet fields,
Si-vasi-va-samkara, And met the huntergirl Valli, and took her
        hand, O the rider of peacock!
Siva-siva-samkara, The angry, red eyed killer Surapadma, hid as
        a mango tree, was pierced into pieces with your Spear!
Si-vasi-vasam-kara, Please make me to kill the anger and other
        animals in my heart, with the arrow of my patience and
        merge in your Effulgence, in this birth!

(Source: Skandar Andati, Tamil Verses. Tiruppugazh.  Tiruppugazh
  Devotees' Group, New Delhi.  Prose rendering, mine.)

Arunachala Siva.   

One of the Siva Siddha had suddenly a thought  to go down to
Podigai Hills (near Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu), as if it were a
command of Siva.  He came down to Tamil Nadu, hoping to meet
Saint Agasthya in Podigai Hills.  On his way, when he reached Aaduthurai,
near Chidambaram, he found all the cows crowding at a place around
a body with a lot of grief.  He found a cowherd dead there.  In order
to relieve the cows from the grief, he entered the body of the cowherd.
Soon the cows were happy seeing his master alive.  They gave him a
plenty of milk and the siddha was happy to graze the cows. At the
dusk, he returned home.  His wife gave him food and wanted to embrace
him.  He prevented her from touching him and said:  I shall live with you,
only doing cow grazing and earning money through milk sale but shall
not touch you.  The wife was perplexed but obyed him.  After a year,
the siddha went in search for his body left behind a bush and it was not
there.  So, he took up sannyasa and continued to meditate on Siva.  On
the prodosham days, he used to go to Chidambaram temple and see
Nataraja, the dancing Siva.  He wrote one poem per day and thus
composed a monumental work on Siva Raja Yoga, called Tirumantiram,
Holy Words.  Tirumantiram became the Tenth Book of Saiva Canon.
The cowherd came to be called Tirumoolar.  He is said to have seen
the Cosmic Dance of Nataraja, as was seen by Vyagrapada and Patanjali,
in Chidambaram.  He merged with Siva through  yogic practice, after
the completion of the book.

(Source: Periya Puranam, Sekkizhar. Tamil Verses. Saiva Siddhanta
Book Publishing House, Chennai.  Prose rendering, mine.)

Arunachala Siva. 

Translations and Commentaries by Forum Members / Decad of Ecstatic Prattle
« on: November 22, 2008, 01:47:55 PM »
Decad of Ecstatic Prattle or Kula Pathu, is a composition in Tiruvachakam,
with 10 verses.  This was sung in Thillai, Chidambaram.

Verse 1 reads as under:

Keeping the begging bowl and the codpiece as the only relation,
Always contemplating on Siva's feet, as the only search for substance,
With body and the soul bending and dancing, with ecstatic prattle,
I see the dancing Siva, my Master in Thillai, my only refuge.

Verse  3 reads as under:

Melting my bones, and spending away my good and bad karmas,
Cleaning up my miseries and purifying my happiness and misery,
Getting into my Heart , searching my primordial Lord,
With great love, with ecstatic prattle, I see my Master, my only refuge.

(Source:  Tiruchakam, Manikkavachagar, Tamil Verses. Saiva Siddhanta
Book Publishing House, Chennai.  Translation and Prose rendering,
my own.)

Arunachala Siva.     

The teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi / Miracles Do Happen
« on: November 22, 2008, 01:37:49 PM »
Once, Vilacheri Ranga Iyer, who was a classmate of Bhagavan Ramana
in Tiruchuzhi and also in Madurai, came to visit Bhagavan Ramana.
He stayed with Him for a couple of days and then went to Madras
for a job.  He did not get the job.  He tried for the second time a job
in Madras.  He failed in the second time also.  He retruned with remorse
and met Bhagavan Ramana again on his way back to Madurai.  He
was already married and had children.  He was in dire trouble for
money.  Again he visited Bhagavan Ramana in the Hills and was
spending some days restlessly.  His heart was heavy becaue of financial
problems.  He could not sleep.  He was lying on a cot outside the Cave
and was listless without sleep.  It was nearing midnight.  Suddenly,
Bhagavan Ramana came out of the Cave and sat near Ranga Iyer.
He was telling: Ranga why are you worried?  You will get a job for
Rs 10000.00!  Go back to Madurai.  Ranga Iyer was wondering.  When
he was not finding a job for Rs 100 per month, how  can I get a job
for Rs. 10,000!  However, he wa satisfied and returned to Madurai
next day.  With in a few days, a company selling and distributing
buses and auto parts, asked him, whether he could serve as an
agent for supplying autoparts and buses to southern districts of Tamil Nadu.  He was offered some monthly salary and a hefty commission.
He took up the agency, and in a few months, he earned Rs. 10000.00.
He spent a good portion of that amount for the wedding of his daughters,
during later years!   

(Source:  Arunachala's Ramana, Boundless Ocean of Grace. Volume 1.
Sri Ramansramam, Tiruvannamalai. )

Arunachala Siva.

The teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi / Sivananada Lahari - 4
« on: November 22, 2008, 11:31:48 AM »
The verses Nos.  83 and 6, are the second group of two verses,
in the order chosen by Bhagavan Ramana, in Sivananda Lahari.

Verse 83 reads as under:

What is the use of praying to other gods* who are having births
and deaths?  What avail of such devotion?  There is no bliss even
to an infinitesimal extent.  There is no doubt.  Only one who prays
to Siva concorporate with Ambika, who has no birth and is deathless,
he shall  get all worldly happiness here, and fruit of this birth, hereafter, that is, Immortality.

(* Only in Sivananda Lahari, Sri Sankara glorifies Siva as a God
higher than other gods, like Brahma, Indra, Vishnu, and Agni.
All other gods are having births and deaths, after the completion
of aeon and the starting of aeon.  Siva is beginningless and endless.
This Verse also echoes Sri Dakshinamoorthy Stotram.  The devotee
gets all worldly happiness here and immortality hereafter.)

Verse 6 reads as under:

Some say that it is like an earthern  pot and the clay.  (the Brahman
and individual soul).  Some others say that it is like cluster of atoms
and the element.  Some more say that it is like smoke and fire.
A few others say it is like a mountain and a stone.  A few more say,
it is like the cloth and yarn.  What is the use of such logical statements?
Why are you parching your throat with such futile discussions with
special words?  Can these ratiocination keep Yama away at your
death-bed?  Only meditate on the lotus feet of Paramasiva.  O devotee
of pure heart attain immortality with such devotion.

(This verse is an echo of famous Bhaja Govindam.  Logic and ratiocination
will not confer mukhti and this can be attained only by pure devotion
to Siva.)

(Source: Sri Sivananda Lahari, Sanskrit-Tamil.  Sri Ramakrishna
Math, Chennai.)   

Arunachala Siva.

The teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi / Sivananda Lahari - 4
« on: November 22, 2008, 11:03:10 AM »
Under Bhagavan Ramana's arrangement of 10 verses of Sivananda
Lahari, the third group of two verses, is No. 65 and No. 10.

Verse 65 reads as under:

To the one, who has kept his mind constantly on your lotus
feet, and seeks only service to you, what cannot be achieved
by him in this world?  O the consort of Bhavani!  Yama runs away
in fear from your devotees, because he still remembers the kick
he had.  The devas are prostrating to you and do poojas keeping
their ruby-clustering head gears under your feet.  It looks as if
they are giving artis with red flame.  The lady of Liberation, runs
towards them and embraces them.

(Here, the needs of a man, wealth, women and immortality are
figuratively described, through devas's headgears of rubies,
the lady of liberation embracing and Yama running away from him.)

Verse  10 reads as under:

Let there be any type of birth for me.  Let it be a human birth,
or birth as deva, birth as an animal in the mountains and jungles,
let their be a birth of mosquito, let there be a birth of a cow,
or a worm, or a bird, I do not mind.  But let me always contemplate
your lotus feet and play in the ocean of bliss in the heart.  What
type of birth -- how does it matter at all?

Jadabharata was born as a deer.  We know Cow Lakshmi's story,
the stories of Valli, the deer, Jackie the dog and the crow.  The
nature of birth does not matter, so long as the individual soul
contemplates on the lotus feet of Siva and drowns in the ocean
of bliss.

(Source: Sivananada Lahari, Sanskrit-Tamil.  Sri Ramakrishna Ashram,
Arunachala Siva.     

The teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi / Re: Upadesha Saram
« on: November 22, 2008, 10:48:40 AM »
Dear Matthias,

Your meditation of Sivoham or Siva-bhava is good since you are speaking
about good results.  It suits you.  You may continue.  Regarding the
"beauty of nature and things",  you perceive that due to the Self
within, which is light.  The light is "experienced" and not "perceived."
This is also good.

Dear All,

This is what is explained further in Verse 9.  The Sad-bhava, with its strength, takes one to the Isa-bhava, or Parabhakti.  This is what Sri Ramakrishna also used to describe.  This Sad-bhava or Isa-bhava which is the essence of Parabhakti gives one, the powers of perceiving everything as Isvara, or forms of Isvara.  Sri Dakshinamoorthy Stotram calls it as
Isvaratvam, in the last verse.

Once when Vilacheri Ranga Iyer, who was a class mate of Bhagavan
Ramana, in school in Tiruchuzhi and also in Madurai, came to see
Bhagavan Ramana.  He was already married and having children and
he did not have a suitable joy to earn income for family.  He went for
interviews in Madras, a couple of times, but without success. One day,
when he was sleeping outside the Cave, Bhagavan Ramana asked him
to get up around 3 am for swimming and bathing in the adjoining tank
on the Hills.  He rose and Bhagavan Ramana looked at him intently
for a while.  Suddenly, Iyer started seeing, the Cave, the things inside
the Cave, the Hills, the trees and plants as Bhagavan Ramana.  Everywhere, Bhagavan Ramana's smiling face appeared.  This lasted
for a few minutes.  This is the glimpse of Isvaratvam, or Being Siva,
after intense bhava balam or bhava phalam. coming out of Para bhakti.

Verse 9: (in Tamil)

Bhava balathinal bhavanateeta Sad
Bhavathu iruthale Undhipara,
Para-bhakti tattvam Undhipara!

Arthur Osborne's translation reads:

Abidance in Pure Being,
Transcending thought through love intense,
Is the very essence,
Of Supreme Devotion.

Arunachala Siva.