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Translations and Commentaries by Forum Members / Sivananda Lahari
« on: November 27, 2008, 11:24:38 AM »
Sivananda Lahari Verse 36 speaks about the purification of a house
and a body and it reads as under:

O consort of Parvati! This pot of my mind, has been tied with threads
of devotion, with several rounds around it.  It is filled with pure water
of happiness and it is shining.  Your two feet, like two leaves of mango
tree, have been placed on top with the coconut of Jnana.  I am constantly
telling the mantra of Panchakshara, to purify this further.  I am eating
pure and sattvic food and I am doing the Punyaha vachanam, the
purification ceremony for your visit. 

(Punyahavachanam is a ceremony of purification, time at the time
of a new festival, for a new house, or for a mother and new born baby,
after a period of ten days from the baby's birth.  The house is cleaned,
and a pot is kept with pure water, with rounds of threads around it,
with two mango leaves over water and a cocnonut at the top.  Sri
Sankara says that the purification of mind is done, through devotion,
eating sattvic pure food, and chanting Panchakshara.)

Verse 38 reads as under:

Siva!  You are like a full moon.  You rise at the eastern sky between
two mountains, ( from the birth, due to my merits of previous births).
You make the ocean's waves to have ebbtide, (like you make the
devotees' heart to swell in happiness). You are like nectar full of welfare, (bliss of the devotee which does good for him). You are crowded on all sides, by stars, (like the devotee who is in the midst of satsangh).
You are having a deer on your hand, (Siva is having bhaktas having fragrance of good character and morality, like "mrugamatha", an
incense said to come from deer).  You remove the darkness of the night, (as moon removes the darkness, Siva removes the ignorance (darkness)  of the devotees.  You are Somadeva, consort of Umadevi,
who gives bliss to the devotees, as flowers are blooming
in the moonlit night.

(Source: Sri Sivananda Lahari, Sanskrit-Tamil.  Sri Ramakrishna
Ashram, Chennai.  Translation my own.)

Arunachala Siva.   

The teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi / Miracles Do Happen
« on: November 26, 2008, 04:32:59 PM »
Ramaswami Pillai came to Bhagavan Ramana sometime in 1921-22.
He had been at Skandasramam and also at the foot-hills, where
Bhagavan Ramana started staying after Mother's Maha Nivanana and
where the present Asram is.  He was doing a lot of oddjobs for the
Asram.    He was one of the many persons who helped in removal of
cactus bushes and erecting thatched sheds.  He started the enquiry
Who am I? from 1922 after about 10 months of stay in the Asram.

During his stay, at nights he used to concentrate on Bhagavan's
face.  One day, he could see a halo of glorious spectrum of colourful
lights and at times He appeared as a majestic royal figure.  This
happened several times and it helped him to pursue enquiry with
more grace and faith.  He never took part in much of conversation
with Bhagavan Ramana and he became sure that He is the Lord
incarnate to grace him and there was no need to ask any questions.

(Source:  Arunachala's Ramana, Boundless Ocean of Grace, Volume 2.
Sri Ramanasramam, Tiruvannamalai.)

Arunachala Siva. 

The teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi / Tiru Chuzhial Padigam
« on: November 26, 2008, 12:41:24 PM »
Tiru Chuzhial Padigam, the Decad on Tiru Chuzhial, the birth place
of Bhagavan Ramana, has got 10 verses.  There is no comparable
decad to Manikkavachagar's Tiru Kazhu Kundra Padigam.  Instead,
we have Tiru Chuzhial Padigam.

Verse 1 reads as under:

O the Wise, who is on the crown of Vedas, as I approached you,
You confered me the incomparable bliss of the Self, O Ramanesa!
O Pandya*, the Master of Tiruchuzhi, you are sought by the ones
  who have conquered the restlessness of mind,
They praise you ever.  Even if I forget you, my tongue will tell your

(* Tiruchuzhi is in Madurai district, which was the Pandya Kingdom
in the ancient days.)

Verse 4 reads as under:

O the Effulgence! who is searched by the four gods, as I sought you,
I got the bliss of the Self, which which was not had by others,
    O Ramanesa!
O  Pandya! the Master of Tiruchuzhi, praised in songs by many learned,
Even if I forget you, my tongue will tell your name!

(The word Pandya, can be taken as an address as Pandya! or as the
town Tiruchuzhi in Pandya Kingdom, Madurai district.)

(Source:  Sri Ramana Sanndihi Murai, Tamil. Murugnanar. 1998
editon, Sri Ramansramam, Tiruvannamalai.  Translation and prose
rendering, my own.)

Arunachala Siva.     

The teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi / Sivananda Lahari
« on: November 26, 2008, 12:24:19 PM »
Verse 42, of Sivananda Lahari of Sri Sankara compares the mind
with a fortress. The verse reads as under:

O Deva, who is fond of staying in a fortress which cannot be reached.
Please have my mind.  This has got the depth like water-shed that
is around the fort.  There is high wall of my bold character.  It has
the good conducts as the close-knit army.   All the five contrlled
sense organs are its gateways.  Wisdom is its wealth inside the fort,
and all the necessary things that are needed.  Please always stay
in my mind.

Verse 43, of Sivananda Lahari of Sri Sankara, compares the mind
with a jungle.

O Deva of the mountain!  Please do not go here and there.  Please
stay in my mind.  O the Primoridal Hunter!  My mind is a veritable
jungle, with a lot of ferocious animals, like jealousy, desire and delusion.
Please hunt them as you please, and have a pleasant time in this

(Source: Sri Sivananda Lahari, Sri Sankara. Sanskrit-Tamil. Sri
Ramakrishna Math, Chennai.)

Arunachala Siva. 

On 25th November 2008, post, Matthias said: Even to ask the
question Who am I? is a gift of grace.  It is very true.  Not everyone
asks for it.  Many people in the world, while praying, ask for Heaven.
Only a very few seek for Moksha or Liberation.  They proceed with
self enquiry.

In this connection, last evening I read a passage in Volume 1
of Arunachala's Ramana, Boundless Ocean of Grace, a recent
8-volume publication of Sri Ramansramam. The passage talks
about 7 stages of Knowledge for liberation, detailed by Bhagavan
Ramana to Swami Natananda, which is finding place in Spiritual
Instructions, Upadesa Manjari. 

The Jnana-Bhoomikas, the seven stages of knowledge are:

1. Subheccha  - the Desire for Enlightenment

2. Vicharana - enquiry (Who am I?)

3. Tanmanasa - tenuous mind

4. Sattvapathi - Self Realization

5. Asamsakti - Non attachment

6. Padarthabhavana - Non perception of objects

7. Turyaga - Transcendence

Those who have attained the last four bhoomikas are called,
Brahmavid, Brahmavidvara, Brahamavidyavara and Brahmavidvarishta,
respectively.  The learned Sage belongs to the fourth stage.  The
self-realized person like Bhagavan Ramana is in the seventh stage.
Most of the seekers like us are in the first three stages.

(Source:  Upadesa Manjari, Swami Natananda and Bhagavan Ramana
dialogue.  Part IV.  The Complete Works of Sri Ramana Maharshi,
Tamil, Sri Ramansramam, Tiruvannamalai.)

Arunachala Siva.

Kunkulia Kalaya Nayanar, so came to be known, because he was
carrying always large pots of "kunkuiya" a red incense, which is
used for  Doopa, like Dasangam.  He was born in a pious Brahmin
family, in Kadvaur, a place near Mayiladuthurai, in Tamil Nadu.

This Kadvaur is famous for the temple of Mruthyanjaya, Siva and Abirami
her consort.  Mruthyanjaya is one who kicked god of death when
he came to snap the life of Markandeya.  Abirami is independently
famous after Abirami Bhatta's famous Andati. 

Kunkuliya Kalaya Nayanar was a great Siva devotee and spent all
his earnings for buying the incense and burning it regularly in Siva
temple.  Soon he became poor, because he was spending all his
wealth for this noble act and also for feeding the poor people everyday
in his house.  One day he had no money and his faithful wife, who had
nothing to cook food at home, gave her gold "mangala sutram" for
buying food items.  When Nayanar went to the bazaar, he found some
red incense being sold by a trader from overseas.  He liked it and with
the money obtained after pledging the gold, he bought the incense and
went to the temple and stacked the bags inside the temple, for dhoopa at
the evening arti.  He returned home empty handed.  His wife expressed
disappointment, but  did not express any anger.  Suddenly the couple
heard some noise at the back yard and when they went, they found
bags of gold coins, being dropped from the sky in the backyard.  They
became very happy at the kindness of Siva and continued their life with
regular incense burning in the Kadavur temple.

Once, in the Siva temple of Tiru Panandal, a nearby town, news spread
that in order to accept the garland from a little pious girl, Siva bent and
took the garland and so the Siva Linga appeared leaning without being
erect.  The King ordered a rope to be tied and several soldiers pulled the
rope, to straighten the Siva Linga, without any success.  They called
Kunkulia Kalaya Nayanar for finding a way out.  He said that Siva
would bend only for the ardent devotees and not for power.  Hence,
he tied the rope and pulled it by connecting it to his hairs.  The devotee
became red in his face, with his hairs stretched, and he was bleeding
in the head.  He did not stop. His wife watching the scene cried inconsolably.  Soon, the Siva Linga, became erect and the devotee fell
down in pain. 

Siva appeared before him and said:  "We shall stoop only to the devotees
and not for anyone else.  He took him and his wife to his Abode.

(Source:  Periya Puranam, Tamil Verses. Sekkizhar.  Saiva Siddhanta
Book Publishing House. Chennai.  Translation and prose rendering, mine.)

Arunachala Siva.   

Translations and Commentaries by Forum Members / Skandar Andati
« on: November 26, 2008, 11:29:23 AM »
Arunagiri Natha's Skandar Andati has got many more beautiful
verses.  The Verse 83 reads as under:

Theera- kamala,  O, Brahma who was born from the lotus belly
   button of Vishnu, has written something on my head and even
   after knowing that it is all my prarabdha,
Thee- ragam- alamena, Fully knowing, that all these bad desires,
   would do me harm, why am I not thinking about their futility?   
Theer - agama- lagu, O Skanda, you have told me the Pure Veda
   mantra, beyond all the Vedas and Agamas!  Agni thought that
   he will be able to carry the sparks from Siva's eyes!
Thee - ragam - alamara,  He was burnt by those sparks and he
   cried, when you decided to teach him a lesson!

(Source: Skandar Andati, Tiruppugazh, Tamil Verses.  Tiruppugazh
Devotees' Group, New Delhi.  Prose rendering, mine.)

Arunachala Siva.

Vaithisvaran Kovil is a small town near Chidambaram, where there
is a Siva temple.  Siva is called here Vaitheesvaran, the great physician,
and Uma is called Thyal Nayaki, the queeen among the women.  This
town has been hailed in Tevaram songs also.  Here, Muruga is called
Muthu Kumara Swami. 

The Thiruppugazh song reads like this:

You are the Single great Refuge, without knowing to praise you,
I remain inert like a wooden measure* and I am rotting with my
   ego, karma and maya,
You are the god of devas and sages in Heaven, please give me
   a good after life by being humble before you,
O the Son of Siva, who gives rewards to devotees, O Muruga
   of Vaithisvaran Kovil!

(* Wooden measure - a measuring jar made of wood in olden days,
as inert like that wooden jar.)

(Source:  Tiruppugazh, Tamil Songs. Arunagiri Natha.  Tiruppugazh
Devotees' Group, New Delhi.  Prose rendering mine.)

Arunachala Siva.   

Translations and Commentaries by Forum Members / Tayumanavar Songs
« on: November 26, 2008, 11:04:22 AM »
Saint Tayumanavar under the title "The ways of Siddhas" sings the
following verse.

Even the unlettered are good, even after learning, I have no
What can I say about Karma?  what can I say about my mind?
When some learned talks about Kaivalya Needhi, I shall retort
  saying that only karmas are more important!
When someone talks about importance of karmas, I shall retort
  saying that only Jnana is good,
When a learned in Sanskrit comes to me, I shall explain in
When a Tamil scholar comes to me, I shall quote Sanskrit slokas
   to confuse him!
Without conquering the mind, what is the use of this art of
   surprising others with my 'knowledge', will it confer liberation?
O Vedanta Siddha** who speak about the pure state of neutrality,
   and equality to others, how can I attain liberation?
(* Dravidam - here means Tamil and all non-Sanskrit languages
south of Vindhyas.  ** The Vedanta Siddha here means either
the poet's guru, Mouna Guru or Siva.)

(Source: Tayumanavar Songs. Tamil.  Published by Sri Ramakrishna
Tapovanam, Tiru Paraithurai, near Tiruchirapalli.  Prose rendering mine.)

Arunachala Siva.

Translations and Commentaries by Forum Members / Tiru Kazhu Kundra Padigam
« on: November 26, 2008, 10:53:55 AM »
Saint Manikkavachagar sang this Tiru Kazhu Kundra Padigam, at
a small town called Tiru Kazhu Kundram, near Chennai.  This composition
in Tiruvachakam, contains only 7 verses, even though 10 might have
been originally sung, as Padigam means ten.

Verse 1 reads like this:

O the Lord of Tiru Perundurai, who has no quarrel against at one,
   (because you only are there),
Those who chant your names, will have only continual bliss since
   you are removing all the miseries,
After your snapping of all my karmas, like a roasted seed which
   will not sprout,
You showed me your limitless Form in Tiru Kazhu Kundram!

(Siva appeared as an Effulgence first in Uttara Kosa Mangai, and then
as Siva Linga, in Tiru Perundurai and finally as a human guru in
Tiru Kazhu Kundram, for Manikkavachagar.)

Verse 2 reads as under:

For the sake of pittu* you carried sands** O the madcap of
   Tiru Perundurai!
I did not follow the rules of worshipping you and was adamant,
   and I did not come to you,
O the Effulgence, King of Siva Loka, for this lowly, lowlier than
   a small dog,
You showed me your limitless Form, in Tiru Kazhu Kundram,
   and took over me.

(* Siva for the wage of sweet rice pudding, **carried sands to
the bank of Vaigai, when the river was flooded, as per Pandya
King's order.)

(Source:  Tiruvachakam, Tamil Verses. Saiva Siddhanta Book Publishing
House, Chennai.  Translation and prose rendering, my own.)

Arunachala Siva.         

The teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi / Re: Upadesha Saram
« on: November 26, 2008, 10:40:58 AM »
Dear Matthias,

Yes.  Nothing ever happens!   Only the happenstance of the objective
world/subjective experience, is removed!

Dear srkudai,

Thanks.  There are such gems in Panchadasi.  We have to be ever
thankful to Suresvara for his Panchadasi and Manasollasa.  Even
though at some places, it is pedantic and dogmatic, there are simple
verses like these, which compensate for the boredom of pedantism.
I have to look into my books for these, since my posts have been pruned!

Arunachala Siva.

Dear  Matthias,

You are correct.  In this context, I would like to place two sayings
of Bhagavan Ramana during his time in Tiruvannamalai.

1. For many go to the world.  Many go to the gods.  Only a few come
    to a Jnani.

2. He, (means, Arunachala or Himself), calls many people.  But only
     a few are chosen!

So, we have to be called and chosen also, to think about the question,
Who am I?

Arunachala Siva.

Translations and Commentaries by Forum Members / Tayumanavar Songs
« on: November 25, 2008, 03:56:51 PM »
Tayumanavar under his "Arana Margam", the Royal Road of Vedas,
sings like this:

I behold you, coming on the royal road of Vedas, enchantingly
   riding on  the horse of Agama,
I behold your handpose, Chinmudra, that speaks of the Primordial
Cause, and your three eyes speak of the Truth, O my eye of the eye!
Even in Pure, Complete Wisdom, one cannot fathom you,
How can I see your Effulgence with these eyes on this earth,
    but I like to see you!

One the left of your is your wife, she is the mother of all this universe,
When that universe of pride, subsumes one day, you also abosorb
   you wife,
And remain as Pure Space!   O all pervading Effulgence!  the Ocean
   of Grace,       
How can I remain in this darkness of world?
It is your duty to remove the screens of remembrance and forgetfulness,
And rear me as your beloved child, beyond the two.

(Source:  Tayumanavar Songs.  Sri Ramakrishna Tapovanam,
Tiru Paraithurai, near Tiruchirapalli.  Prose rendering, mine.)

Arunachala Siva.

The teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi / Sri Ramana Adhbuda Pathu
« on: November 25, 2008, 02:39:48 PM »
Sri Ramana Adhbuda Pathu, Decad of Miracle, of Muruganar, consists, actually of eleven verses and is modelled on Adhbuda Pathu of
Saint-Poet Manikkavachagar.

Verse 1 reads as under:

I am not doing 'archana' for him, with freshly plucked flowers,
   that have not even by tasted by honeybees, I am not prostrating.
I never contemplate on his red lotus feet, I am not chanting his
Siva, Sivaya Nama, O Venkata deva, you came on your own,
In the Space of gold, ruled me and graced me, What a miracle! 

Verse 2 reads as under:-

I am not telling his name, with sound of drums, I am not
     knowing his mind and acting, Para Siva Venkata!
You placed your red lotus feet on my head, and graced me with
   your effulgence,
You are the First of the city of Sonai, where drums sound everyday,
I look at your face!  You came as a King and ruled me and graced me,
   What a miracle!

(Source:  Sri Ramana Sannidhi Murai, Muruganar. Tamil Verses.
1998 edition. Sri Ramanasramam, Tiruvannamalai.  Prose rendering
my own.)

Arunachala Siva.     

Translations and Commentaries by Forum Members / Skandar Andati
« on: November 25, 2008, 02:07:09 PM »
Verse 34 of Skandar Andati, speaks about conquest of mind.

Thirikaiyil - ayira,  O Changelss Permanence!  The one who made this
     night and day, ocean and earth, the Space and the vaccuum,
     and who is the Master of the three gods, and the one who has
     the skull of Brahma as his begging bowl,

Thiri - kaiyil - ayira, the One who resides in Kailash, and dances in
     the reverbrating sound of Bliss, He is Siva,

Thiri - kaiyil - ayi, She is in Himagotri, and her hands have got a
     son and she is happy with him, she is Parvati. You are their son!

Thirikaiyil - ayiram, O god of Tiruchendur! It is revolving more than
     a thousand crores times, within one revolution of the potter's wheel,
     please set right this mind!

(Source: Skandar Andati, Tiruppugazh. Tamil Verses.  Tiruppugazh
Devotees' Group, New Delhi.  Prose rendering, mine.)

Arunachala Siva.