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Messages - Subramanian.R

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Verse 187:

Having taken birth in so many forms, first non human and later human, and then, having come to know the knowledge which transcends knowledge itself, through the
inquiry, 'Who is the 'I' who knows everything?' they have now taken birth in the manner of a young hawk hatching from the egg of a fish!  Will such as these see the world (that others see)?

The words ariya arivai arintu meaning literally knowing the knowledge that is not known have been translated as having come to know the knowledge which transcends knowledge itself.  This is the pure consciousness of the Absolute , which cannot be known because there is no 'other to know it.' Through the inquiry, 'Who am I?' the inquirer destroys the would be 'other' the ego, by steadfastly turning it inwards towards the Self. Its final destruction signals the loss of ignorance, now some new and improved 'knowledge'. All that remains is pure knowing, with no knower and nothing known.  Hence it is the knowledge which cannot be known. 

The image of a fish's egg hatching into a hawk, and, as one would imagine, leaving the water and flying through the skies is a metaphor for the Jiva that has spend eons in the ocean of birth, until, transformed by the realization of the true reality, it takes one final birth in which it merges as one with the open skies of the Self.

Just as, for a king, greatness consists in the amassing of possessions without limit,
for these Jnanis greatness now consists in reducing to an atom and eliminating completely all attachment to any existence, even one which surpassed that enjoyed by
Vishnu and Brahma.


Arunachala Siva.                   

Verse  186:

When the fetters of karma (anavam, and maya) fall away through the three fold agency of the Guru, his body will seem like a snake, and he frog dipped in its jaws, or like a firebrand, burning at both ends, and he an ant trapped upon it.  It will be as death itself to him. This being so, what (will he think of) those who propose (to pay homage to that body), and of the places (that give shelter)?

According to TCS, reference to a threefold agency is to initiation by the guru through his look, touch and word. These are three of the six means of initiation, three inner and three outer, mentioned in Verses 75 and 76 and notes.


Arunachala Siva.   


Verse 185:

Will the Jnanis expect anything from the path of devotion, upon which they are worshipped, praised and ensnared in the net of endless bizarre ritual acts of homage?
(If you were to suggest that they could at least accept food and other essentials from devotees we would reply that) their very greatness, in which they have cut off all desire for food and all the rest, which are only the source of troubles, will cause these things to come to them automatically, even if they do not want them.     

The true Jnani has no desire to be escorted to the home of a devotee and treated like a god. In fact such things are nothing but a Valai - net to trap him, and draw him back to into the worldly existence from which they have now escaped.  The word Upacharam is used to refer to the external honors done to deity or holy person, such a burning incense, lighting lamps, offering betel and nut, strewing flowers etc.,

The words in square brackets are a rough paraphrase of those inserted by TCS in his commentary, to complete the thought implied by this verse, but not explicitly stated.  In the first part of the verse, it is said, that the Jnani will not accept the elaborate honors that the devotees would pay to him under the guise of bhakti, devotion. This raises the thought, unexpressed in the verse, that perhaps the Jnani, even though rejecting all these external honors, might at least go to a devotee's house to accept whatever essentials, such as food and clothing, that he might require for his daily existence.  The second part of the verse rejects this implied suggestion, saying that the exalted nature of the Jnani's desire free existence will of itself draw to him all manner of goods such as food, clothing etc., which he does not even need or want.
Why then would he go to a devotee's house to receive such things?


Arunachala Siva.                 

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 09:57:26 AM »
Verse  11:

அழகரை யடிகளை அம்பர் மேவிய
நிழல்திகழ் சடைமுடி நீல கண்டரை
உமிழ்திரை யுலகினில் ஓதுவீர் கொண்மின்
தமிழ்கெழு விரகினன் தமிழ்செய் மாலையே.

Upon the beautiful, Siva, the god, the one with a blue neck who has a bright matted locks coiled into a crown, those who recite verses, in the world surrounded by ocean of surging waves! You receive the garland of Tamizh verses composed by an expert in Tamizh, Jnana Sambandhan.

Padigam on Tiru Ambar Maakalam completed.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 09:53:33 AM »
Verse  10:

வழிதலை பறிதலை யவர்கள் கட்டிய
மொழிதலைப் பயனென மொழியல் வம்மினோ
அழிதலை பொருபுனல் அம்பர் மாநகர்
உழிதலை யொழிந்துளர் உமையுந் தாமுமே.

People of this world! Do not say the talk of the Buddhist who completely shave their heads and Jains who remove their hair by plucking, as fruitful. Sivaṉ and Uma stay permanently in the great city of Ambar, without wandering here and there, which has floods that erodes its banks. Please come here to worship him.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 09:50:13 AM »
Verse  9:

வெறிகிளர் மலர்மிசை யவனும் வெந்தொழிற்
பொறிகிள ரரவணைப் புல்கு செல்வனும்
அறிகில அரியவர் அம்பர்ச் செம்பியர்
செறிகழ லிறைசெய்த கோயில் சேர்வரே.

Brahma who is on a fragrant lotus flower and Vishnu who is sleeping in the bed of a serpent which is cruel by its nature and has spots on its hood, Siva who was difficult to be seen by them dwells in Ambar built by the chief among Chempiyar who wears tight-fitting Kazhal.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 09:47:04 AM »
Verse  8:

எரியன மணிமுடி யிலங்கைக் கோன்தன
கரியன தடக்கைகள் அடர்த்த காலினர்
அரியவர் வளநகர் அம்பர் இன்பொடு
புரியவர் பிரிவிலாப் பூதஞ் சூழவே.

Siva crushed with his leg the big and black arms of the King of Lanka who wore a crown set with precious stones shining like fire. He enters with pleasure into the fertile city of Ambar where people of rare qualities dwell, to be surrounded by the Bhutas which never leave him.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 09:43:42 AM »
Verse  7:

இகலுறு சுடரெரி யிலங்க வீசியே
பகலிடம் பலிகொளப் பாடி யாடுவர்
அகலிட மலிபுகழ் அம்பர் வம்பவிழ்
புகலிட நெடுநகர் புகுவர் போலுமே.

Siva swinging the arms to make the bright fire of great strength to shine better,
will dance singing to receive alms in the daytime. He will enter into the long city of Ambar where fragrance spreads and which has fame which has spread throughout the world, as his dwelling.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 09:39:43 AM »
Verse  6:

கழல்வளர் காலினர் சுடர்கை மல்கவோர்
சுழல்வளர் குளிர்புனல் சூடி யாடுவர்
அழல்வளர் மறையவர் அம்பர்ப் பைம்பொழில்
நிழல்வளர் நெடுநகர் இடம தென்பரே.

Siva wears on his leg Kazhal, an ornament denoting valor.  He will dance wearing on his head a cool water in which eddies are increasing, and the fire in the hand to increase in heat. People say that the long city of Ambar where Brahmins who maintain the sacrificial fires live, and has verdant gardens of cool shade, is his place.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 09:36:05 AM »
Verse  5:

சங்கணி குழையினர் சாமம் பாடுவர்
வெங்கனல் கனல்தர வீசி யாடுவர்
அங்கணி விழவமர் அம்பர் மாநகர்ச்
செங்கணல் இறைசெய்த கோயில் சேர்வரே.

Siva wears a men's ear-ring made of conch, will chant the Sāma Vēda with music,
will dance swinging the shoulders, the hot fire to spread its flames. Siva will reside in the temple built by King Cheṅkaṇāṉ in the great city of Ambar where beautiful festivals are celebrated.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 08:57:30 AM »
Verse  4:

இரவுமல் கிளமதி சூடி யீடுயர்
பரவமல் கருமறை பாடி யாடுவர்
அரவமோ டுயர்செம்மல் அம்பர்க் கொம்பலர்
மரவமல் கெழினகர் மருவி வாழ்வரே.

Wearing on the head a crescent moon which increases in brightness at night,
Siva will dance singing the abstruse Vēdas which always increases in merit in praising his greatness, and has no equal or superior to them. He will dwell being accustomed, in the eminent Ambar which is great by its bustle and beautiful gardens where the common Kadamba has flowers in its branches.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 08:53:12 AM »
Verse 3:

மறைபுனை பாடலர் சுடர்கை மல்கவோர்
பிறைபுனை சடைமுடி பெயர ஆடுவர்
அறைபுன னிறைவயல் அம்பர் மாநகர்
இறைபுனை யெழில்வளர் இடம தென்பரே.

Siva sings the Vedas with music will dance, for the matted locks coiled into a crown which is adorned with a crescent moon to move, and the fire in the hand to increase in heat. People say that the great city of Ambar which has fields full of water making a sound, is the place of Siva, built by Chozha Cheṅkaṇāṉ, which increases in artificial beauty.

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 08:49:22 AM »
Verse  2:

மையகண் மலைமகள் பாக மாயிருள்
கையதோர் கனலெரி கனல ஆடுவர்
ஐயநன் பொருபுனல் அம்பர்ச் செம்பியர்
செய்யகண் ணிறைசெய்த கோயில் சேர்வரே.

Having as a half the daughter of the mountain who has coated her eyes with eye-salve
Siva, will dance in the night, the burning fire in the hand to spread flames. He exists in the temple built by the Chōzha Cheṅkaṇāṉ in Ambar which has beautiful water that erodes the banks. (Chempiyar: another name for Chozha.)

Arunachala Siva.

General topics / Re: Saiva Canon 1 - Tiru Jnana Sambandhar.
« on: April 25, 2017, 08:46:02 AM »
Tiru Ambar Perum Thiruk Kovil:

Verse 1:

எரிதர அனல்கையில் ஏந்தி யெல்லியில்
நரிதிரி கானிடை நட்டம் ஆடுவர்
அரிசிலம் பொருபுனல் அம்பர் மாநகர்க்
குரிசில்செங் கண்ணவன் கோயில் சேர்வரே.

Holding in the hand a fire which is burning, Siva will dance in the cremation-ground where foxes roam about at night. He exists in the temple built by the illustrious chief Chen Kaṇṇavaṉ in the great city of Ambar where the water of river Arisil dashes against the banks.

Arunachala Siva.

Verse  183:

The behavior of worldly society is like the antics of an actor in a masquerade; they are like people who consume poison and find it tasty, or like the prisoners who enjoy being in chains. Those who have renounced will have nothing do with this mentality, avoiding it like the plague.  They have died whilst still in the body.  Thus do they conduct themselves.

Verse 184:

To invite those who have gone beyond the nada tattva to one's house and so forth is to be like a hari (frog) who calls out to Hari (Vishnu), who dwells in the Ocean of Milk
saying 'come and join me!' To the jnani, the ajnani will appear as do the people of earth to those who traverse the heavens about the summit of golden Meru.

As mentioned previously nada tattva is synonymous with Siva tattva. It is the highest of the tattvas, and the one from which all the other 35 originate.  See also verses
32,39, 48 and elsewhere. 

There is a play on the word ari, Sanskrit hari, which is a name of Lord Vishnu and can also mean a frog.  In the text, the author uses another Sanskrit word, manduka, for frog, assuming presumably that his Sanskrit word, manduka, for frog, assuming presumably that in Sanskrit educated readership will make the connection.  Just as the frog erroneously assumes that Vishnu is a frog like itself on account of his name, the ajnani falsely assumes a kinship with the jnani since they are both men and ostensibly the same as each other.

Mount Meru is a fabulous mountain said to be situated in the center of the earth. It is also used in Yoga as a metaphor for the six chakras - energy centers of the body. See verse 1, note 6.  To someone flying high above a mountain, the people of the earth will be indiscernible, just as, in the enlightened perspective of someone who has transcended the thirty six tattvas, there will be no longer any individual Jivas for him to interact with.               


Arunachala Siva.                 

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