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Topics - Subramanian.R

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76
(This is in April - June 2016 of Mountain Path.)

*

Introduction:

This article aims to discuss a few principal teachings of the Bhagavad Gita in so far as they are applicable
to our lives today, since a scripture, by definition, is timeless and self renewing.

The Bhagavad Gita comprises Chapters 23-40 of Bhismaparva of the great epic poem, the Mahabharata.
Its universal acceptance and veneration by the population gave rise to at least three dozens Gitas
running the entire gamut of Indian philosophy from Brahman with attributes (saguna) to Brahman
the attribute-less (nirguna), from devotionalism (bhakti) to pure monism (brahmadvaita), and from
attachment (samsara) to renunciation (sannyasa).  The more famous among them praising the attribute-less
Brahman include Avadhuta Gita, Ashtavakra Gita, and Sri Ramana Maharshi's special favorite Ribhu Gita.

Bhagavad Gita however remains the Gita with a capital G, and forms the third leg of the Hindu triple
canon, (Prasthana Traya), along with the principal Upanishads and Brahma Sutra.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.           

77
Arthur Osborne's birth centenary was on 25th September 2006.  It was typical of this self effacing man that
we did not notice this significant date at the time and were only told by a devotee after the fact.

Arthur's life in this world was relatively short.  He died at the age of 64.  Probably the hardships and deprivations he suffered as a captive in Bangkok during the Second World War contributed.

He left us a legacy of writing about Sri Ramana which will live on as long as there are people who read about
Bhagavan.  He wrote in a simple, straightforward style.  There were neither literary effects nor for that matter
any superfluous wolds  He thought that the message was more important than the messenger.

As founder editor of The Mountain Path, he opened up a new world for many, particularly in the West 
who had trouble with Sanskrit terminology and Indian philosophical terms in general.  As in his life,
he went right to the heart of an argument and said what was absolutely necessary so readers could \
easily grasp the essentials.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.

78
No one can ever destroy the unity of the whole.  This understanding or realization does not come through
hard learning but through quiet contemplation in a spirit of devotion or praise.... If there were more contemplatives than there are, then the world would be saved.

 - Henry Thomas Hamblin.

(This article is a heartfelt response to the savage turbulence presently being engendered world wide by
unbridled religious ideology and forms the Introduction to a new study by an unassuming Christian mystic,
who was a fervent admirer of Sri Ramana Maharshi.  It is titled Meeting Evil with Mercy which is an Anglican
priest's bold answer to atrocity  The book tells the absorbing story of Martin Israel, a Jewish doctor turned
clergyman, whose prolific spiritual writings over three decades, earned him a devoted readership. An
inspired preacher but unconventional too, Martin liked to expound the direct teachings of Sri Bhagavan from
his London pulpit when moved to do so.

Phiiip Pegler was a devotee of Sri Ramana Maharshi since the age of seventeen.  He was resident of the Asramam in the early 1970s.  He has written frequently in Mountain Path and his previous biography of
nature mystic, Clare Cameron - a friend of Martin Israel - received coverage in this Journal in 2013.

***

There is nothing imprecise about the hidden principles that govern the universe, just there are no mistakes in
the working out of natural law here on earth.  Despite all agonizing appearances to the contrary in a world of
great beauty but immense sorrow, the unrelenting fact remains that we live in an absolutely just realm where
cause and effect reign supreme. So much is wrong - injustice and grievous afflictions are plainly seen to be
simply everywhere -- and yet everything is just as it needs to be.  How is this possible?

contd.,

Arunachala Siva. 

79
(The Supreme Science as Taught by Sri Ramana.)

The original is in Sanskrit.  I am giving only the English translation.

**

Benedictory Verse:

We bow our heads to the Holy Ramana, the Ocean of Grace, the Infinite, Incommesurable,
Unborn Primal Divinity, Guru of all Gurus, shining in the Hearts of all creatures as 'I'.

1.  'Homage to Sri Dakshinamurti, manifest in three forms as God, the Guru, and the Real Self,
whose form is infinite as the sky'.  Dakshinamurti was the name of the God when He appeared as
the Primal Guru and taught the sacred mystery of the Supreme State, by Silence, to the four sages,
Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanatana and Sanatkumara.  Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi has said that these
three are the three stages of Divine Grace; first God, then the Guru, and lastly the Real Self.

2.  Herein is expounded the Teaching about the Natural State of the Real Self, known as Right Awareness,
which was taught in the Mandukya and other Upanishads, and has now been taught by the same Divine Guru,
along with the means thereto, as experienced by Himself.

contd.,


Arunachala Siva.         






80
Today is Major Chadwick's Liberation Day.  He came to Sri Bhagavan after his stint as army man in
South America.  He came and saw  Bhagavan and decided that 'He is my Guru and He can only place me
the path to moksha.   He never left Bhagavan. He  used to sit in the Hall and listened to Him.  Even
during the mid morning interval when everyone went to the cottage to sleep, he will come to the Hall
and move the punkah for Bhagavan.  He became one of the chosen devotee of Bhagavan soon.

Once Major Chadwick asked Bhagavan, 'Why should Jesus call out 'My God, My God' while being crucified?'

Bhagavan replied:  It might have been an intercession on behalf of the two thieves who were crucified
with Him.  Again a Jnani has attained liberation even while alive, here and now.  It is immaterial as to how,
where and when he leaves the body....'

He again asked, 'What is the significance of Christ in the illumination of St.Paul?'
Bhagavan said, 'Illumination is absolute, not associated with forms.  After St. Paul became Self conscious,
he identified the illumination with Christ consciousness.

Once Major Chadwick said: I do not know if the Self is different from the ego.

Maharshi said: How were you in deep sleep?

Major:  I do not know.

Bhagavan:  Who does not know?  Is it not the waking Self.?  Do you deny your existence in deep sleep?

Major:  I was and I am; but  I do not who was in deep sleep.

Maharshi:  Exactly.  The man awake says that he did not know anything in the state of sleep.  Now he
sees the objects and knows that he is there;  whereas in deep sleep there were no objects, no spectator,
etc., The same one who is now speaking was in deep sleep also.  What is the difference between the two
states?  There are objects and play of senses now which were not in sleep.  A new entity, the ego,
has risen up in the meantime, it plays through the senses, sees the objects, confounds itself with the body
and says the Self is the ego.  In reality, what was in deep sleep continues to exist now too.  The Self is
changeless.  It is the ego that has come in between.  That which rises and sets is the ego; that which
remains changeless is the Self.

**

Major Chadwick fell ill later and was admitted to Vellore Hospital.  His tongue got swollen and he could
not even speak.  However, he knew that Bhagavan was with him.  He passed away without much trouble
to attain the feet of Bhagavan.

Arunachala Siva.           

81
PART I :

(Recently Vilacheri Ranga Iyer's Note Book was recovered from the Asramam Archives.  Ranga was a
childhood friend of Bhagavan and in later years he came to Bhagavan for solace and guidance.  At one
point Ranga's astrology chart showed a difficult period would soon appear in his life. Bhagavan insisted
that Ranga stay at the Asramam and be near Bhagavan at all times.  We have retained the original flavor
of the text as much as possible.)

*


My mother asked Palaniswami, who was standing near Bhagavan, if Bhagavan would take fruits.  Bhagavan
at once stretched out His hand and my mother peeled off the skin from a banana and placed it on Bhagavan's
hand.  Bhagavan graciously ate it.  When next she asked Palaniswami if Bhagavan would walk, Bhagavan
walked a few paces.  Many years afterwards, Bhagavan referred to this occasion and with a smile told me,
'I even thought of speaking to your mother then, but was afraid whether if I did so, she might be
emboldened to drag me away by force to Madurai.  I used to speak a word or two in those days to Palaniswami'.

One day Bhagavan told me, 'It was only your mother that came and saw me here first.  Even my mother
came only afterwards.  Your mother came around 1898, when I was at Pavalakunru.  She was shocked
to find the state in which my body was and cried and exclaimed, 'has your father's great hospitality  and feeding of the poor brought about this and turned you into a Saint.'  She could not bear to see Bhagavan,
unwashed and with matted hair, sitting on the rocks.  She got down, took the train and joined us at
Villupuram and told us of the pitiable sight she saw.  Referring to this Bhagavan asked me, 'You all stayed
away at Villupuram and sent only your mother. You thought why go and see the mendicant fellow?  Is it not so?  I replied, 'Bhagavan apparently felt that we could not bear to see Him in such a state and so did not give
the conviction then that He was God, an Avatar and a Jnani. She could not come.'

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.     





           

82
In October 1968 and I was 12 years old.  My parents, elder sister and I had come to Madras, from Pune,
to attend a cousin's wedding after which we went to Chengam, near Tiruvannamalai, where my uncle was
working in Tamil Nadu Electricity Board as Assistant Engineer. One evening, he took us to Arunachaleswarar
Temple and then to Sri Ramanasramam where we were cordially invited and told that we could have dinner
after the evening Puja.

Soon the evening Puja and Veda paraynam at Bhagavan's Samadhi commenced and I began to watch the
proceedings with interest.  What struck me was the presence of several foreigners among the devotees,
wearing Indian attire and keenly attending the Puja. This was the first time that I had seen so many foreigners
in, what I assumed was a Hindu place of worship!

Presently, a couple walked in.  The man, who was unmistakably 'English', was dressed in a spotless white
dhoti, while his European wife was dressed in a sari.  There was a serene look on the man's face which,
at that time, I was too young to notice clearly, but which I now recall vividly in retrospect. I was seated with
my back to the wall in the gentleman's half of the hall, while the couple sat in front of me and a little to my
left, but facing Bhagavan's Samadhi and watching the Puja.  They seemed to take no notice of me.  Those were
the times, when I was filled with nationalist feelings and hatred for everything British.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.                       

83
General Discussion / Sri Rama Navami -15.04.2016:
« on: April 15, 2016, 07:37:53 AM »
Today is Sri Rama Navami.  Sri Rama was born in the Punarvasu nakshatra on a Navami day.
Today, however there is Navami but Punarvasu star has come and gone yesterday.  People
celebrate Sri Rama Navami by praying to Sri Rama and placing neyvedyam. They take panagam
(water and jaggery) and also some paruppu (vadai paruppu that is the mix of seeds used for making
vadai).

Sri B.V. Narasimha Swami in his book Self Realization has compared Sri Bhagavan with Sri Rama.


Arunachala Siva. 

84
General Discussion / Thillai Vazh Andhanar Guru Puja: 14.04.2016:
« on: April 14, 2016, 12:01:53 PM »

Today is the guru puja for the Thillai Vazh Andhanar, that is the 3000 brahmins of Thillai (Chidambaram)
who were doing puja for Sri Nataraja, (by turns),  three times a day, by touching the Vigraha.

Arunachala Siva.   

85
General Discussion / Punar vasu vannam:
« on: April 14, 2016, 07:52:16 AM »
Today is Punarvasu star day.  Punarvasu is also the star of Bhagavan.  Today, being Tamizh
New Year day and also Punarvasu day, there will be special abhishekam, alankaram and arti
for Sri Ramaneswara Mahalingam. The Asramam authorities will arrange the golden casket
on Sri Ramaneswara Mahalingam and the pujas will be done followed by a lunch with sweets.

Punarvasu is also the star of Sri Rama.

Sri Bhagavan was born on a Punarvasu star day in the month of Margazhi.  Every Punarvasu day
is celebrated in the Asramam with special pujas for Sri Ramaneswara Mahalingam.

Muruganar has sung a decade on Punarvasu Vannam, the beauty and greatness of Punarvasu star.

Arunachala Siva. 

86
General Discussion / Happy Tamizh New Year - 14th April 2016:
« on: April 14, 2016, 07:45:24 AM »
I wish all the readers of the Forum, a Happy Tamizh New Year, Dhunmuki.

Arunachala Siva.

87
General Discussion / Gananatha Nayanar Guru Poojai - 12.04.2016
« on: April 13, 2016, 02:04:08 PM »
Today is Gananatha Nayanar guru pujai, his liberation day.

He attained moksha, reaching Siva Lokam on Panguni month, Tiruvadirai star day.

I have already covered 63 saints' life story in my first round of covering them.  Please look
into that serial post to know about Gananatha Nayanar story.   


Arunachala Siva.

88
General Discussion / Happy Vishu - Malayalam New year:
« on: April 13, 2016, 12:09:58 PM »
I wish all the Forum Members, a Happy Malayalam New Year, (Vishu) today.  (Dhunmuki).

Arunachala Siva.

89
In Advaita Vedanta philosophy, two types of attainment are spoken of;  attainment of the not-yet-attained
and attainment of the already attained.  What has not been attained, for instance, the attainment of a new
automobile, is achieved in space and time. It is attained by effort and produces a limited result, e.g. a new car.
This type of attainment always involves both gain and loss.  One gains a new condition and loses an old
condition.

However, Vedanta also talks about another type of attainment.  It is called, 'obtaining the already obtained'
-- praptasya praptih, or, 'getting rid of what you have not got.'  To obtain the already obtained involves
neither space nor time.  One can obtain only that which one does not already have.  Since one always is the
Self, when one realizes this fact, it is designated as 'obtaining the already obtained.' 

Realizing, attaining and reaching the goal only have a figurative meaning according to Bhagavan Ramana.
If the goal, Self Realization, is to be reached, obtained anew, it cannot be permanent.  The goal must
already be there.  Why?  If an individual seeks to reach the goal with his or her ego, how can they reach
it?  The goal must have existed before the ego searched for it and when the ego is destroyed, what is there
only the eternal Self, as it ever was!  Thus 'bondage' and 'release'  must only pertain to the ego and not to
the Self. Where duality exists, there bondage and release make sense. But, if there is no duality, if duality
only exists in the mind or the ego of an individual, then who is to be released and by what?  When the mind
ceases through Self Inquiry, it will be discovered that there is neither bondage nor liberation.

contd.,

Arunachala Siva.                     

90
I wish all the Forum members, a prosperous, happy Telugu / Kannada New Year Dhunmuki  on
8th April 2016.

Arunachala Siva.

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