The Forum dedicated to Arunachala and Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi

Ramana Maharshi => The teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi => Topic started by: Nagaraj on January 28, 2010, 08:58:45 AM

Title: Sri Dakshinamurthy
Post by: Nagaraj on January 28, 2010, 08:58:45 AM
A devotee asked, “Does incarnation mean birth of Sri Dakshinamurthy?” “Where is the question of a birth for him? It is one of the five Murthys (forms) of Siva. It means that he is seated facing south in mouna mudra (silent posture). It is the want of Form, Formlessness, that is indicated in its inner meaning. Is it the Murthy, the Form, that is described in the “Dakshinamurthy Ashtaka”? Is it not the want of Form, Formlessness? ‘Sri Dakshinamurthy’ — ‘Sri’ means Maya Sakti (illusory force); one meaning of ‘Dakshina’ is efficient; another meaning is ‘in the heart on the right side of the body’; ‘Amurthy’ means ‘Formlessness’. A lot of commentary on this is possible, isn’t it?” said Bhagavan.

Salutations to Sri Ramana
Title: Re: Sri Dakshinamurthy
Post by: Subramanian.R on January 28, 2010, 11:18:50 AM
Dear Nagaraj,

Sri Dakshinamoorthy, is the concept of formelssness, as you have
rightly said.  There are 8 forms of Siva, including Siva Lingam.
Siva Lingam, is arupa-rupa, a combination of form and formlessness.
There is a form, a cylindrical structure, above the circular base,
extended to the right as we look.  This cylindrical structure is
a phallic symbol and the bottom, called Avadai, the female symbol.

The other six forms of Siva are:-

1. Bhikshatana - the form of a beggar, with Brahma's skull, as
begging bowl, and the garland of skulls.  This is from the story
of Daruka forest.  He wears the skin of elephant as an upper robe
and skin of tiger as waist robe. 

2. Nataraja, the dancing god of India.  He is primarily in Thillai
or Chidambaram, but his metal images are available in all Siva
temples, including Mother's Temple in the Asramam.  He wears
again a tiger's skin, fire and hand drum on his two hands, the third
hand showing the left leg and the fourth hand as abhaya mudra,
the protection sign.  Under his right leg is Muyalakan, the demon
symbolizing delusion, apasmaram.

3. Kalyana Sundara - a very pleasant pose with Sivakami, his consort.

4. Kalabairva - the fierce Siva dissolving the worlds.

5. Lingothbava - the primordial Lingam, which shows its face,
at the time of creation.  This is usually seen on the back-wall
of any Siva Lingam shrine.

6. Somaskanda -  S + Uma + Skanda.  Siva with Uma and Skanda
in between.  A family image.

This list varies from book to book.  The Chidambara Mahatmyam
and Kunchitanghristavam of Arul Nandi Sivam, mention this.

Bhagavan Ramana has said that Sri Dakshinamoorthy is a formless
Space only.  There are mainly 8 stanzas in Sri Dakshinamoorthy
Stotram of Siva.  In this original work, there is no mention about
any form, and the 8 forms mentioned by Sankara, are only the
five elements, sun, moon and Purusha.  Some other stanzas have been added later.  Bhagavan Ramana has given translation of 11 stanzas in His Tamil verse translation.

Arunachala Siva.